Satellites equipped with this kit in the future will be able to deorbit, that is, lower their altitude at the end of life to produce l the reentry and being destroyed by the friction with the Earth's atmosphere.
In this way, the proliferation of space debris in orbit would be prevented.
In fact, there are currently many inactive operative satellites in Earth's orbit: approximately 1,950 are still in working order, while at least 3,000 that have turned into space debris, according to the Space Debris Office of the European Space Agency (ESA).
It is estimated that there are approximately 8,400 tons of human- made space material orbiting around the Earth.
These are elements that have been left in orbit as a result of human activity in space, such as the upper stages of rocket launchers and dead satellites," explained the E.T.PACK Project coordinator Gonzalo Sánchez, Ramón y Cajal researcher in the UC3M Bioengineering and Aerospace Engineering Department.
Its objective, when the project will conclude in three years, is to have a prototype of the deorbit kit that could be matured in a next project and be tested in a demonstration flight.