Three compounds found in cocoa beans, particularly in the product’s shells, show promise for reducing the inflammation and insulin resistance that may result from obesity, according to a new study.

The research comes from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where researchers investigated three specific phenolic compounds on mice.

The compounds’ effects were described as ‘powerful.’

The study investigated three compounds called epicatechin, protocatechuic acid, and procyanidin B2.

Though all three bioactive chemicals are found at high levels in cocoa bean shells, they’re also present in cocoa beans, green tea, and coffee.

As part of the study, researchers tested these compounds in a water-based extract on immune and white fat cells from mice; the team also investigated the effects of each chemical individually.

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