The treatment used to correct a malocclusion, a condition caused by crowded, crooked or protruding teeth where jaws do not meet properly.
It can be inherited or acquired by thumb sucking, premature loss of teeth or an accident.
Now the treatment is more comfortable and takes less time than it did years ago.
Brackets are made up of metal, plastic, ceramic or combination of these.They are classified according to the Size(large/mini/ultra
mini),Base(straight/curved),Width(narrow/medium/wide),and may be single or thin according to the technique used.Brackets materials must be hygienic, non-toxic, resistant to corrosion, esthetics, not absorb water, not discoloured by an oral liquid, minimal bracket wire friction.
There are now gold plated braces and glow in the dark retainers in the dental market.