Over 422 million people live with diabetes across the world, 69.1 million in India-the diabetes hub of the world. It’s a chronic disease with serious consequences unless managed well with lifestyle and medicine.

Type-1, 5-10% of all cases, usually occurs in children and young adults. Here, the body does not produce insulin (the hormone that carries glucose from the blood to cells) but breaks down sugar and starch from food.
Over 90-95% of adults suffer from Type-2 diabetes, a lifelong disease in which there is a high level of sugar in the blood. Here insulin is produced, but the body becomes resistant to it.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy-around the 24th week-often develop into Gestational Diabetes. It doesn’t mean diabetes lies latent or that it will continue after delivery, but it’s important to manage blood sugar levels.

SAFE STEM CELLS
Here’s some big news. The cure for Type-1 diabetes is at hand, thanks to stem cell transplants. Researchers at the Stanford Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, US, have discovered new ways of making stem cell transplants safe. This means there is hope for all autoimmune diseases-arthritis, MS and even blood cancers. (Source: Science Translational Medicine, August 2016)

UPGRADE
Try online Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT-I) for insomnia, say psychiatrists from the University of Michigan, USA. It is effective

Oranges and other citrus fruits are good for you, and not just for the vitamins and antioxidants. They may help prevent harmful effects of obesity, reports American Chemical Society this month

1 million new cases of cancer are diagnosed in India each year, reports the WHO. The USA reports 1.6 million, globally it is 14 million

RX LAUGHTER
The healthiest part of a doughnut is the hole. Unfortunately, you have to eat through the rest of the doughnut to get there

THE BEST DIET
Feasting on fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, crusty wholegrain bread with lots of mono-unsaturated olive oil can actually bring your weight down, lower your blood pressure and cholesterol, reduce the risk of diabetes, heart disease, cancer, experts say. Go for it.