The earliest written reference to the Kurds goes back to the Greek historian and commander Xenophon and his book, “Anabasis,” which was written in the 4th century BC. He talks of the land of Carduchians (Kurds) and says: “There lives a wild tribe inhabiting the mountains. They are a fierce, war-loving race who had never been conquered. Once the Great King had sent into their country an army of 120,000 men, to subdue them, but of all that great host not one had ever seen his home again.

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