The Green Revolution in India refers to a period when Indian agriculture was converted into an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology such as the use of high yielding variety seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers. It was mainly found by M.S. Swaminathan.

  • Regardless of the quick walks made in foodgrain yield, ailing health remains adamantly high
  • Over five decades after India propelled the Green Revolution, its war on hunger is a long way from won.

The driving force for the Green Revolution originated from reap disappointments and starvation conditions in the mid-1960s. Be that as it may, its fundamental objective was to guarantee India's national food security, all the more absolutely its confidence in foodgrain creation.

We can see since the approaches received at that point, and left to a great extent unaltered since, have neglected to dispose of yearning as well as made increasingly obstinate the test of giving sufficient and suitable sustenance to the entirety of India's kin.

  • These arrangements have included sponsorships for compost and groundwater extraction, least help costs for foodgrains (particularly rice and wheat), and acquirement and open conveyance of grains (additionally for the most part rice and wheat).
  • Today, India has accomplished confidence in foodgrain creation. It has become the world's second biggest maker of both wheat and rice and the biggest exporter of rice.
  • Notwithstanding the enormous increments in all out creation, per capita accessibility of all foodgrains has expanded just unassumingly as the populace has dramatically multiplied since the mid-1960s.

Per capita net accessibility hopped from 144 kg for every year in 1951 to 171 kg in 1971 generally because of more prominent accessibility of wheat, however in the course of the most recent 50 years has vacillated somewhere in the range of 170 and 180 kg.

Since the beginning of agriculture, people have been working to improving seed quality and variety. But the term ‘Green Revolution’ was coined in the 1960s after improved varieties of wheat dramatically increased yields in test plots in northwest Mexico. The reason why these ‘modern varieties’ produced more than traditional varieties was that they were more responsive to controlled irrigation and to petrochemical fertilizers. With a big boost from the international agricultural research centres created by the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the ‘miracle’ seeds quickly spread to Asia, and soon new strains of rice and corn were developed as well.

The green revolution thereby was intended to overcome food shortages in India by increasing the yields of agricultural produce with the help of better irrigation systems, pesticides, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, etc but also principally with the help of crop intensification focused on more resistant high-yielding crop varieties.For Importance of Green Revolution in India upsc

  • The continuous supply of moisture through irrigation during the summer and winter seasons have changed the soil chemistry. In the arid and semi-arid areas, owing to capillary action, the soils are becoming either acidic or alkaline.
  • The saline and alkaline affected tracts, locally known as kallar or thur in Punjab and kallar or reh in Uttar Pradesh have expanded and increased in area
  • According to one estimate, about 50 percent of the total arable land of Punjab and Haryana has been harmed by soluble salts.