Server network configuration is used to set up a computer network that will be effective in sharing resources between computers. Some of the basic tasks included in this include setting up networking protocols, setting up the specified port or connection used by a networking protocol, setting up encryption, configuring the SQL Server service, exposing or hiding the SQL Server database, and registering the Server principal name. The configuration also involves the use of various types of switches and firewall mechanisms such as the firewall or the anti-virus firewall and the network security appliance. These configuration tasks must be performed on a regular basis in order to ensure that your computer network is functioning efficiently. If you find that some of the tasks are taking a long time to complete, you may need to adjust some of your hardware and software configurations to speed the processes up.
One of the most important server network configuration options is the TCP/IP port number. The TCP/IP port numbers are usually associated with the IP networks. In order for the TCP/IP protocols to function, the ports have to be open and free for communication to take place between both servers and clients. If one of the ports becomes closed or restricted, then the protocols cannot function correctly and data will be lost when trying to send or receive data. If the TCP/IP port number is set at a higher level than required, you may experience protocol hang-ups, delays in packets, or the use of too many advertisements in the Internet browsing process.
The next server network configuration option is the external application service provider (ASP). The ASP is a software program that runs on the operating system on a client computer. The program allows users on an internal server to access information from any other computer or server instance on the Internet. An example of an external application program is the Microsoft Outlook program. If the Outlook program does not have an external application service provider, then it can be difficult to access information on remote computers. If your company has several departments that need access to information remotely, then you may want to consider an external application service provider to provide this remote access capability.