The ability to develop robust, secure, performance-heavy, cross-platform mobile applications in SMEs and large organizations is one of the mobile application projects and workflow. Cross-platform development is an important and often critical endeavor that allows businesses to quickly engineering and execute their mobile assets across different platforms without recording for each local operating system (OS) and platform.

Developers around the world have invented specialized frameworks to facilitate the cross-platform application development process. Cross-platform application frameworks allow developers to create mobile applications with one-time coding and run them on different platforms without much modification. Today, almost one in ten mobile app development companies focus on developing cross-platform applications for their customers, as they provide a fast, fast, and native-like experience and run on all devices and operating systems.

What is a cross-platform framework?

Cross-platform development is a software engineering process that produces a mobile application that works on a variety of mobile OSes and platforms without recording to each local platform. This reduced coding requirement reduces the time, overhead, and money required to develop the same application if it is engineered specifically for each local platform and operating system.

What are the advantages of cross-platform mobile application frameworks?

a) Code reuse
b) Rapid development time
c) Reduced costs
d) UI component compatibility
e) Easy cloud integration
f) Hosting is not serious
g) Easy maintenance

Cross-platform app development frameworks to consider in 2021

There are many cross-platform app development frameworks on the market, each with its benefits.

React Native

React Native was developed in 2013 as a web interface development platform. React Native has earned a good reputation in 2020, which is expected to continue throughout 2021. React Native has huge potential to become one of the best hybrid mobile app development frameworks in the coming years.

Top features of ReactNative

a) Provides local rendering of codes
b) Easily detects bugs
c) Faster in development
d) A wide range of ready-to-use plugins
e) Supports Node. J.

React Pros

Built-in components library,
Community driven.
Used to develop powerful mobile applications.
Easy integration.

React Cons

Not suitable for beginners,
Minor errors make the project unstable,
Has an upright learning curve.

Flutter

Flutter is an open-source, cross-platform application development framework. It is designed to develop native interfaces for Android and iOS in a short period. It is owned by Google.

Top features of Flutter

a) Reduce test effort
b) This is an incredible framework
c) Application development is relatively fast

Flutter Pros

Develop quickly and easily
Positive developer feedback
Intuitive widgets in Google’s material design
Test attempts decreased

Flutter Cons

Questions on usage
Large application size
Ready-to-implement libraries are not supported

Ionic Framework

The most popular cross-platform framework used by many mobile application development companies to create mobile applications. It is an open-source framework, freely available and licensed by MIT.
Technologies such as HTML and CSS in JavaScript are used in this framework and enhance the skills of developers. Mobile application development companies should hire a developer who has serious knowledge of this technology.

Top features of Ionic

a) It gives excellent results if it is combined with angular
b) To improve the structure of the application, it can also use AngularJS
c) It provides a library of tools and components.
d) It can use a single code base

Ionic Pros

Huge library of tools and the latest components
Expert developers prefer
Uses a single code base

Ionic Cons

Leading to complexity
Built on Cardova
The free version has some limitations

Node.Js

Node.Js is the best framework for cross-platform mobile development built on Chrome’s JavaScript runtime, which allows for easy, fast, and scalable network application development. It is a cross-platform, open-source, backend JavaScript runtime environment that executes code written in JavaScript outside the web browser. “.Js” is an extension of the JavaScript code, hence the name Node.Js.

Top features of Node.JS

a) Easy to learn
b) Easy Scalability
c) Provides the benefits of a full-stock JS on a hybrid platform
d) Allows writing in JavaScript front and back ends

Node.Js Pros

All Node.Js APIs are asynchronous, meaning they do not have to wait for data from the APIs
Heavily built library
Impressive and reliable performance.
Faster execution

Node.Js Cons

Back concerns
Performance decreases when developing a large GUI application and web interface

NativeScript

NativeScript is one of the few cross-platform mobile development frameworks that can write signals in JavaScript, TypeScript, as well as Angular languages. Applications created with a native‌script‌ can integrate with Cocopods, Maven, and npm.js without consolidating any layer and using images to manage native API standpoints and retrieve information. All tools used for any native platform API can be used for native‌script applications.

Top features of NativeScript

a) Supports Vue.js.
b) Divide custom content
c) Runs faster than other frameworks
d) Compiles live local code and executes it as a native application.
e) Uses ListView, Side drawer, Chart, etc.

Nativescript pros

Native‌Script allows our front-end developers to create native mobile applications with the JavaScript we already know well.
It’s too early to start
It has a large repository of plugins

Nativescript cons

New releases are sometimes buggy
The actual hot module is not replaced

Adobe PhoneGap

Adobe PhoneGap, formerly known as the Apache Cardova, is a cross-platform framework owned by Adobe. This framework utilizes HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript for development and allows users to share the application they are developing with the team so that they can get active feedback.

Top features of Adobe PhoneGap

a) This framework can be used to develop applications for different operating systems
b) This framework is without any hardware limit
c) With the help of the plugin, developers can add more functions

Phonegap’s Pros

Compatible with many third-party tools and APIs.
Debugging is easy with the main web inspector tools.
Independence on twisted text commands

Phonegap’s Cons

Apps built with PhoneGap are a little behind compared to native apps
IOS is based on SDKs
Not recommended for high-intensive and performance-oriented GUI applications

Sencha Touch

Since its release in 2010, Sencha Touch has evolved into one of the few cross-platform application development frameworks that allow developers to build applications that trunk multiple operating systems and still provide native features, functionality, and application experience. Sencha Touch is based on standards such as CSS3, JavaScript, and HTML5. The applications developed in this framework are supported by iOS, Android, Blackberry, Tizen, and many other OS.

Top features of Sencha Touch

a) Provides faster speeds
b) Compatible with the latest versions of iOS, Android, Windows, and Blackberry OS
c) The use of HTML, CSS, JS makes it easy for developers to write codes.
d) Provides top-notch features and a better user experience across cross-platform applications

Sencha Touch Pros

Easy integration with APIs and plugins
Incognito backend data package
Fast and reliable

Sencha Touch Cons

Heavy Document Object Model (DOM) elements.

Corona SDK

Corona SDK, the best cross-platform development framework, is based on Lua, an open-source language that is designed to develop applications faster and better. Some examples of applications are Warcraft and Angry Birds Lua-based. Corona SDK is open source, which means it is well supported by various plugins for better features and functionality.

Top features of Corona SDK

a) Saves time writing codes for different platforms
b) Excellent plugins for monetizing the app
c) You can call any local library
d) Fast emulator
e) Supports over 1000 APIs and plugins

Xamarin

This framework uses C # code hands; It works on server platforms. Companies use this framework to uncover capabilities and frequently upgrade, making it the best cross-platform application framework for creating multi-platform applications. Another amazing feature of this versatile cross-platform mobile application framework is the ability to write code for a variety of platforms. It is based on .NET, so developers can also access local APIs with the NuGet package and plugins.

Top features of Xamarin

It can be tested on multiple devices with the help of cloud services
Developers use Windows and older platforms to share quotes
It also provides a cross-platform application development tool for the interface

Xamarin pros

Mobile UI Framework that provides a consistent look across different OS
Access to local APIs and Nugget packages

Xamarin Cons

Not recommended for applications with heavy graphics,
Takes time for UI interface not created for mobile devices

Apache Cordova

Apache Cardova is a popular cross-platform application development framework that uses web technologies including HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Some businesses that use Apache Cardova are Walmart, Adobe, QR Store, etc.

Top features of Apache Cordova

a) Strong community support
b) Wide range of plugins
c) Offline development
d) Reuse code
e) Debugging
f) Cloud Apache Cardova is widely used by companies today for great application experience

Apache Cordova Pros

It’s too quick to sample
Managing images for multiple devices with CSS and media queries is very easy
Creating vector graphics for spec design is easy

Apache Cordova Cons

There seem to be some version issues with the Facebook-Connect plugin
The documentation for Phonegap is very good, but it’s still new, so most people do not have reliable information on current versions
Problems are linking to other apps, such as Google Maps

Conclusion

Before choosing any frameworks, you should first consider your goals, and then your project should be similar to them. Therefore, keep in mind whether or not to go with the hybrid application framework or cross-platform framework. Mobile application development frameworks are key to mobile application development, so it is a good idea to seek an expert opinion.