Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women during their reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have irregular or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small follicles, which leads to failure in the regular release of eggs. This condition causes difficulty in conceiving.
The hormonal imbalance is the main reason for PCOS and could lead to infertility. As the ovaries are not receiving sufficient quantity of hormones, they are unable to develop the eggs to maturity, and so ovulation does not take place. The way eggs develop and release is affected by the excess amounts of androgens (male hormones) released by the body.
Women with PCOS related infertility are treated with fertility medication, which stimulates ovulation, although this can increase the risk of multiple births if not managed properly.
The other option is to undergo in-vitro fertilization (IVF), where the maturation of eggs takes place in a controlled process. Once the eggs are mature, fertilization with sperms takes place in the laboratory and embryos are formed. Women with PCOS generally respond well to IVF treatment. Occasionally, the problem with PCO patients is that they respond too well to stimulation, which puts them at risk of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). It is a condition caused by overstimulation of the ovaries. It causes ovaries to swell and leads to a variety of symptoms like abdominal distension and fluid accumulation in the body
At GarbhaGudi IVF Clinic PCOS patients are treated with our Mild Stimulation protocols and also with controlled stimulation protocols, which include 8–10 days of stimulating drugs as per patient’s body response which is monitored by ultrasonography during the IVF stimulation process and meticulous blood investigations. This approach has the benefit of avoiding the risks of OHSS. Besides, this lighter regimen also has the added advantage of leaving the body less stressed and more receptive for embryo implantation.
To know more about IVF in PCOS patients, consult our infertility specialist today at GarbhaGudi IVF Centre!