Official Name: Hellenic Republic
Capital: Athens
Total area: 131 957 km2
GDP per capita: $24,505
Native Language: Greek
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Population: 10,815,197
Major Religion: Greek Orthodox Church Christianity
Monetary Unit: Euro (EUR)

Greece is near the crossroads of Europe and Asia and forms the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. Its territory includes more than 2,000 islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas, of which only about 165 are inhabited. Mount Olympus is the highest point in the country.

Greece is one of the cradles of European civilization, whose ancient scholars made great strides in philosophy, medicine, mathematics and astronomy. Their city-states were pioneers in developing democratic forms of government. Greece's historical and cultural heritage continues to resonate throughout the modern world - in literature, art, philosophy and politics.

Modern Greece has a republican structure based on the 1975 Constitution. The 300 members of the unicameral parliament are elected for a period of four years. The country is divided into 13 administrative regions.

More than 50% of the Greek industry is in the greater Athens area. The main industries are agriculture, tourism, construction and shipping.

The most famous contemporary Greeks include the filmmaker Kostas Gavras, the Nobel Prize winner Odysseus Elitis and the composer Mikis Theodorakis.

Greek cuisine is based on goat meat and mutton. Fish dishes are also popular. Olive oil, which is produced in large quantities, adds to the distinctive taste of Greek cuisine.

Health & Welfare
National Free Health Service. Public insurance funds the national health system. In some cases, you may have to pay for the prescription. Social insurance is comprehensive and includes sickness, disability, accident, old age and unemployment benefits, allowances for families with children and rent allowances.

Economy & Jobs
Tourism, manufacturing, construction, forestry, fishing and mining.

Main attraction
Athens, Crete, Dodecanese, Ionian Islands, Meteora Monasteries, Northeast Aegean Islands and Saronic Gulf Islands.

Economy
The Greek economy is according to the World Bank for 2011 with 299 [99] or 304 billion USD in nominal gross domestic product or purchasing power parity (PPP) the 34th or 42nd largest in the world, the 15th largest economy in the 27-strong group European Union. In terms of per capita income, Greece ranks 29th or 33rd in the world with USD 27,875 and USD 27,624 for nominal GDP and PPP, respectively.

Greece is a developed country with a high standard of living. The economy consists mainly of the service sector (85.0%) and industry (12.0%), while agriculture accounts for 3.0% of the national economic output. Major Greek industries are tourism (with 14.9 million international tourists in 2009, it is the 7th most visited country in the European Union and the 16th most visited country in the world [103] by the United Nations World Tourism Organization) and merchant shipping ( with 16.2%) Of the total capacity in the world, the Greek merchant marine is the largest in the world, while the country is also a significant agricultural producer (including fisheries) within the Union.