Urine consists of urea, water, sodium, potassium, and other chemical compounds.

Previously, if bacteria turned up in a patient s sample, doctors would treat it as some sort of urinary tract infection though the cut-off point for a positive test was more than 100,000 colony-forming units per milliliter of urine .

It was assumed the bacteria that were present had come from contact with the skin or other non-sterile surfaces—hence, the aforementioned cut-off point.

In a follow-up study presented to the American Society for Microbiology, the same researchers took urine samples from 84 women and incubated them under both different, friendlier conditions and the standard lab procedure.

The team hypothesized that the bacteria behave much like those bacteria that are found in the gut, and a change in the normal balance of flora might be behind overactive bladders symptoms.

This changes the way medical professionals and scientists can approach research around preventing and treating bladder disorders like UTIs and incontinence, one of the researchers wrote in a paper in European Urology.

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