The view appears to be supported by Kim Il Sung’s reported pronouncement during this period that nuclear weapons could not be used on the Korean peninsula due to its small size.
In 1985, North Korean leadership joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and in 1990, North and South Korean talks begun.
In January 1992, North Korea concludes a comprehensive safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an agreement that will ratify in April of the same year, despite the sanctions imposed by the US on North Korea’s heavy industry for missile-proliferation activities.
Under the declaration, both countries agree not to “test, manufacture, produce, receive, possess, store, deploy or use nuclear weapons” or to “possess nuclear reprocessing and uranium enrichment facilities.” They also agree to mutual inspections for verification.
After months of tensed negotiations, the North Korean government agreed to finally allow the United Nations to resume inspections and suspend its withdrawal from the treaty.
The deal included the sale of a North Korean gold mine to Israel for cash and an unspecified investment of $1 billion in North Korea made up of contributions from Jews around the world.