This helps data-driven companies understand how their customer base is behaving in the moment, especially when it involves live operations.

A stereotypical real-time data pipeline might look as follows:

Real-Time Data Source > Message Queue > Database > Application

Data sources and applications can be unique to specific industries.

Choices for message queues and databases apply horizontally and are the primary focus of this article.

Modern applications drive real-time data in areas such as:

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