What we know about the connectivity that will follow 4G.It needs to be energy efficient so that devices using it can survive on batteries for a large amount of time without being recharged.The energy efficiency may come from what is called lean design, which will mean that components are switched off when they are not transmitting data.Due to the lower wave-length, 5G may also be reliant on small cell technology to boost the signal, including femtocells and picocells, which have so far not seen huge adoption.With 4G, the world united behind a single standardisation track, giving the mandate to 3GP to proceed.5G is still some way off, so expect 4G to prevail for a while.
Chinese telecom giant Huawei Technologies Co Ltd [HWT.UL] became the world's No. 1 applicant for international patents in 2014, a United Nations agency said Thursday, underscoring the innovative strides made by Chinese technology companies.
Huawei was followed by San Diego-based chipmaker Qualcomm Inc while Huawei's crosstown rival ZTE Corp, which was the world's leading applicant in 2012, took third place in its number of filings, according to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
WIPO's report, which is sometimes viewed as a rough barometer of a country's technological progress, noted that China was the only country to see double-digit growth in its filings, although U.S. companies led by far. High-tech and automotive powerhouse Japan, home to last year's leading applicant Panasonic Corp, saw its total filings slide.
In recent years China's top policymakers have offered incentives to nudge Chinese companies to shift from low-value, low-cost manufacturing to fostering innovation.
The country has also made a series of reforms to improve IP enforcement within its legal system, long considered dubious by foreign and Chinese firms alike.
The emphasis on innovation was reiterated this month at China's annual parliamentary session by Premier Li Keqiang, who made a high-profile visit to Huawei's research and development center in January.
Huawei has touted its yearly research and development budget - equal to 10 percent of its revenue - as proportionally higher than many of its peers in industry. Chief Executive Ken Hu told reporters in Barcelona this month Huawei will spend $600 million on 5G wireless research and development from 2013 to 2018.
Chinese technology industry observers say Qualcomm's antimonopoly settlement reached this year with Chinese regulators could spark a patent war as Chinese firms such as ZTE use their IP portfolios - and a stronger legal regime - to extract royalties from smartphone makers.
(Reporting by Gerry Shih; Editing by Vincent Baby)
Xilinx, Mellanox also join CCIX Consortium to give data centre CPUs an open sharing architecture to boost speed and efficiencyA High Council of seven data centre heavyweights has forged a new consortium to develop a platform that will let the processors from different vendors work together whilst sharing the same memory.Representing a milestone in the industry, a single interconnect technology is being developed that will provide exactly that open framework, said Qualcomm.Does it matter to your business whether your data is stored in the EU?Applications such as big data analytics, search, machine learning, NFV, wireless 4G/5G, in-memory database processing, video analytics, and network processing, benefit from acceleration engines that need to move data seamlessly among the various system components.NVIDIA also has its own technology, NVLink, which boost connectivity between GPUs and IBM POWER.Still, the alliance of vendors who have chosen to work together is a wise move, especially ahead of the Intel acquisition of Altera that will increase its accelerator technology, as noted by Moore Insights and Strategy analyst Karl Freund.
And while things like Artificial Intelligence AI , virtual reality, 5G networks, nano and bio-technologies are constantly in the headlines, there is another less prominent but extremely important revolution happening: The User Experience and the interaction between users and new technologies.Here are the three trends we can t ignore, that are defining the way we interact with these technologies: 1: Transparency Transparent networks , transparent technology, or calm technology, * is the idea that strives to eliminate all existing friction between technology and humans.Or how the real world is increasingly merging with the virtual one to become a mixed reality.Analyzing and measuring our emotions in real time, using our brainwaves to interact without a gesture or word: massive data processing, along with the development of sensors and measuring tools, offers us a glimpse of great developments in this complex field.This is the inspiration behind the dive event, the first multidimensional, multisensory global event dedicated to innovation that puts user experience at the forefront.*calm technology is a concept developed in an essay by Amber Case, a cyborg anthropologist, who will talk at dive event, July 7th, Rennes France.
A group of seven global data centre giants have come together to develop a single interconnect technology specification to allow processers using different instruction set architectures ISA to share data with accelerators in the data centre.AMD, ARM, Huawei, IBM, Mellanox, Qualcomm and Xilinx have founded the Cache Coherent Interconnect for Accelerators Consortium CCIX to drive a high-performance open acceleration framework into the hosting industry, which will see different vendors' CPUs and accelerators communicate with each others while sharing the same memory.As data centres come under pressure to accelerate applications processing due to power and space constraints, applications such as big data analytics, search, machine learning, NFV, wireless 4G and/or 5G, in-memory database processing, video analytics, and network processing, benefit from acceleration engines that need to move data seamlessly among the various system components.The organisation will leverage existing server interconnect infrastructure and deliver higher bandwidth, lower latency, and cache coherent access to shared memoryThe consortium also expects the move to dramatically reduce the need for complex programming environments.According to the consortium, additional capabilities include both off-load and bump-in-the-wire inline application acceleration while leveraging existing server ecosystems and form factors thereby improving total cost of ownership TCO , and higher bandwidth compared to the existing interface.He said: "With an anticipated broad eco-system support of the CCIX standard, data centres will now be able to optimise their data usage, thereby achieving world-leading applications efficiency and scale."
The company, along with equipment manufacturer Huawei, reached 2Tbps on a 737km stretch of cable between London and Dublin using flexible grid infrastructures and terabit superchannels that boost the capacity of the individual strands of glass that make up fibre cables.Fibre transmission recordsEthernet colour light fibre switch network asharkyu ShutterstockSeparately, BT and Huawei achieved 5.6Tbps along a closed 359km fibre loop between the BT Tower in central London and BT s research and development facility at Adastral Park in Suffolk.It s important that our core networks keep pace with the growth in bandwidth demands driven by take-up of high-speed fibre broadband, HD content, 4G smartphones and tablets and in the future, 5G services, said Howard Watson, CEO of BT Technology, Services and Operations TSO .These landmark trials show that we can easily turn up the dial to deliver the speeds needed in our core networks to stay well ahead of rising customer demand.Ultra-High-Speed optical networks are an indispensable infrastructure for the future of digital life, and this is an area where Huawei is investing, to help telcos such as BT squeeze as much capacity out of their core networks as possible, added Zha Jun, president of Huawei s fixed network product business.Research projects around the world are seeking to boost the speed and capacity of wired and wireless networks as entertainment and cloud applications, along with the Internet of things IoT , drive demand.
The BT Tower in London lit up in pink to promote breast cancer awarenessBT has completed a successful trial for its breakthrough high speed fibre optic broadband.It's important that our core networks keep pace with the growth in bandwidth demands driven by take-up of high-speed fibre broadband, HD content, 4G smartphones and tablets and in the future, 5G services.We have been working together for over ten years and this project marks a big step forward in our efforts to build future-ready core networks for our customers.Ultra-High-Speed optical networks are an indispensable infrastructure for the future of digital life, and this is an area where Huawei is investing, to help telcos such as BT squeeze as much capacity out of their core networks as possible."However, BT's London-Dublin trial used existing commercial hardware to achieve 2 Tbps speed, which means that BT could improve its current download speeds by using Terabit superchanels."These landmark trials show that we can easily turn up the dial to deliver the speeds needed in our core networks to stay well ahead of rising customer demand," added Watson.
Photographer: Jonas Ryberg Ericsson believes in VR as a driver for next generation mobile networks. Already more than ten years ago, the entrepreneur and researcher Trevor Blackwell until the robot Monty as he envisaged could be controlled remotely to perform different jobs. The operator who ruled Monty had ten interconnected computer screens to get a sufficient overview of the robot's surroundings. Monty was no product. It has, among others, Swedish Ericsson discovery. In recent years the company has cooperated with both Volvo Construction Equipment and ABB for the remote control of excavators and industrial robots in its stand on the large mobile Mobile World Congress.
the construction of a cattle bridge the residential area will be a pilot project for various innovations. - The pair of rear during the build-Lyöttyssä example of a case that is easy to sell, and will be replicated. the test data to be transferred to the rear Lyöttystä Karjasilta of about hundred million in the built environment. We are going to take Karjasilta concept in the international market, says Tarkiainen. - Karjasilta the project's great is that it is user-driven and digital 5G test environment in everyday life. Karjasilta project was approved last week, VTT Technical Research Centre Ltd and the University of Oulu built 5GTN test network in one of the pilot.
Such a new ecosystem would be necessary to develop the sector, the 5G is not interested in our leading operators. Latva-aho believes that the internal-5G networks will revolutionize the whole operator business. It is the first EU-funded pilot study 5G, which is a nice number of research institutions. These attach to the wall or ceiling 5G-small base stations are installed in department stores and shopping centers an average of two per floor, says head of the research team Jyrki Huusko VTT. Latva-aho Oulu, Finland, for example, the white owner of the property, belonging to the Cooperative Society Arina S-group could act as a micro-operator, who rakennuttaisi network and manage it. New opportunities to offer media and entertainment services in addition to various digital infrastructure-such as factories of the future, hospitals, energy distribution and intelligent transport.
REUTERS/Francois LenoirBRUSSELS Reuters - The European Commission outlined plans on Wednesday to modernize and speed up the way in which it agrees technical standards for services, to ensure that Europe is at the center of setting global norms.In April, the Commission already proposed measures to accelerate the standard-setting process for IT with five priority areas of focus - 5G, cloud computing, the internet of things, data technologies and cyber security.Its latest plans recommend a focus on services, which account for 70 percent of the EU economy but represent only about 2 percent of all European standards.The Commission said such common standards clarifying expectations between services providers and customers could reduce costs for companies, particularly smaller enterprises, and ease their access to other markets.The Commission said it had received complaints from businesses about barriers involving national service standards and certification schemes that made it harder to offer services across Europe.The European Union already has some 20,000 European voluntary and market-driven standards and 3,000 harmonized standards developed by the European standardization organizations covering products from paper size to mobile phone technologies.
Ericsson study suggest IoT will overtake the mobile phone within two years but data demand from smartphone users will necessitate 5GInternet of Things IoT devices will overtake the mobile phone as the largest category of connected device by 2021, but smartphones will still account for 90 percent of all traffic, according to the latest edition of the Ericsson Mobility Report.Over the next five years, the number of IoT devices is expected to grow by 23 percent and the moment they become more populous than the mobile phone is estimated to take place in 2018.European IoT adoption is set to be boosted by regulatory changes, such as proposals to install smart metres, and connected car legislation enacted by national governments and the EU.IoT growthIoT deviceThe study largely confirms other forecasts of rapidly rising demand for data, fuelled by new applications such as video streaming and greater adoption of smartphone subscriptions, which are set to surpass those of basic feature phones later this year.IoT is now accelerating as device costs fall and innovative applications emerge, said Rima Qureshi, chief strategy officer.From 2020, commercial deployment of 5G networks will provide additional capabilities that are critical for IoT, such as network slicing and the capacity to connect exponentially more devices than is possible today.
In the firm s annual Mobility Report, it said IoT connections will climb by 23 per cent annually for the next five years, hitting 16 billion in 2021.See also: Are insurance devices the next billion dollar IoT market?That s a much higher growth percentage than mobile, which Ericsson expects to grow at three percent annually over the next five years, rising from 7.4 billion currently to 12 billion in 2021.IoT accelerating as costs drop IoT is now accelerating as device costs fall and innovative applications emerge, said Rima Qureshi, Ericsson senior VP and chief strategy officer.5G is being tested in multiple locations across the world, including South Korea, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom.Most wireless operators have said they would like to start pushing the network standard—with speeds above 1Gbps—within the next five years, even though some networks are still struggling to provide adequate 4G LTE coverage in developed countries.
The trial locations, which could include more cities, will roll out by the end of the summer.The early trials in various locations are part of AT s efforts to help finalize an international standard for 5G connectivity.AT says it was able to achieve speeds greater than 10 gigabits per second in early tests, but that is well under the expected 5G speeds ranging from 20 to nearly 80Gbps.Before we get to our next sci-fi future, however, a lot of hard, boring work must be done, such as deciding how to utilize sub-6Hz and millimeter wave spectrum, and technologies like advanced beamforming.2020 is probably when we ll see global volume deployments, but we ll probably start to see a lot of action, in an evolutionary way, ahead of 2020—2017, 2018, 2019, he said.Suri announced Nokia s next-generation base station technology, called AirScale Radio Access, saying it will be 5G-ready, largely because so much of the system will operate in software.
China is accelerating 5G development, and will launch commercialized 5G in 2020, said Miao Wei, Minister of Industry and Information Technology, last week at the Global 5G event in Beijing.Miao said that the focus is on the integration of 5G with fields such as the industrial internet and the internet of vehicles, with which China aims to construct a safe and ubiquitous 5G mobile network.Concrete measures have been taken to that end.A 5G Promotion Group was jointly established in 2013 by three ministries: the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology MIIT , the National Development and Reform Commission NDRC , and the Ministry of Science and Technology.Additionally, a technology R test was launched in January, in partnership with countries and regions including the European Union, the United States, Japan, and South Korea, all of which are the regions with the fastest broadband and Internet speeds.Features of 5G – the fifth generation of mobile networks – include higher data speeds, larger traffic volume, ultra-low latency, and support for a wider range of devices.These upgraded capabilities can be the basis for new applications in VR, AR, 3D videos, smart cities, smart life, and smart manufacturing, said Cao Shumin, president at the Academy of Telecommunication Research under the MIIT.In terms of the expected escalation in mobile data consumption accompanying 5G technology, Wu Hequan of the Chinese Academy of Engineering suggested telecom costs to consumers per unit of data would decrease 10 times by the 5G era.Currently China has 500 million 4G users, and aims to increase the number to 600 million by 2016.Top photo from Baidu Images
Testing has exceeded 10 Gbps speeds - this will "pave the way toward future international 5G standards and allow us to deliver these fast 5G speeds and network performance across the U.S.," so says AT The company has begun speaking about latency trials as well - imperative for the next generation of connected devices, and vehicles.AT will be testing 5G speeds - that's one better than 4G, mind you - in both Austin, Texas, and Middletown New Jersey, Atlanta, and San Ramon.If you live in one of these cities, you might see some local "we are testing 5G here, it's gonna be fast" signs - something like that.They'll be able to "pivot to compliant commercial deployments once standards are set by 3GPP."Of course that won't be for a while by the average citizen's standards - fast forward to 2018.You'll also want to remember this terrifying video spot from back in time - have a peek at related Verizon 5G trials as reported on SlashGear this past September.
The smartphone has largely taken over our digital lives, but if the Ericsson Mobility Report is anything to go by, mobile devices and other smart gadgets will continue to grow in prominence over the course of the next decade.According to Ericsson, IoT devices are set to overtake mobile in the connected devices category by 2018.The IoT space will maintain a hefty compound annual growth rate of 23 percent between 2015 and 2021.Video is set to play an increasingly important role in our mobile lives.People in the 30-35 age range spend four more hours on average watching TV than do teens, something that has remained true since 2011.Tablets, for example, are generally used for watching longer videos more, while tablets and smartphones are used equally used for watching short videos.
Photograph: Samuel Gibbs for the GuardianThe Huawei P9 Plus is a bigger version of the Chinese smartphone manufacturer s first excellent offering.Compared to Samsung s 5.5in Galaxy S7 Edge, the P9 Plus is 1.4mm taller, 2.7mm wider and 5g heavier, but 0.7mm thinner, while the Apple iPhone 6S Plus is 5.9mm taller, 2.6mm wider, 0.3mm thicker and 30g heavier, which is very noticeable in the hand, making it harder to handle.The screen is a 5.5in full HD AMOLED, which is good-looking, colourful and has deep inky blacks.Pressure sensitive screenPress your finger harder on a photo in the gallery app pops up a magnifying loupe.It actively gets in the way of moving icons around on the homescreen, but can be deactivated.Pros: Good-looking, feels great, excellent selfie camera, great dual rear camera, brilliant fingerprint scanner, decent battery life, USB-C, IR blaster, microSD card supportCons: EMUI isn t quite up to scratch, screen not good for VR low resolution , Press touch a bit of a gimmick, exclusive to Vodafone in the UK, battery not removableUSB-C with fast charging.
Operators deploy small cells indoors or outdoors to expand coverage and boost capacity, particularly in specific densely populated areas.The lack of dark fibre access and lengthy local planning processes are practical challenges in the deployment of small cells today, but they could also impact the development of 5G networks in the future.And in the US, O Reilly added, some cities have five or six dark fibre suppliers.According to the new regulation, the UK incumbent is due to publish a draft product reference offer by September this year and is required to launch the dark fibre service by October 2017.The regulation would help as a catalyst to get the market started, said Catherine Haslam, senior analyst at Ovum.More than any other telco service, dark fibre is heavily influenced by forces of supply and demand.
Initial results show positive signs for AT, as it attempts to get its networks up to speed for an expected consumer rollout by 2020.Verizon CEO Lowell McAdam told audiences at Business Insider s Ignition conference last year that the company would begin piloting its 5G network in early 2016 with hopes of launching in 2017.The early rollout of 5G networks would enable a more rapid increase in mobile data usage and content consumption, particularly since 5G technology is specifically tailored to mobile video, according to McAdam.Some of the key improvements include:Speeds up to 100 times faster than the fastest 4G LTE standard currently available, according to Chinese mobile giant Huawei.Upward of 1,000 times the capacity of 4G, which could reduce the need for mobile operators to throttle the speed of a data connection.And a reduction in latency, or the amount of time it takes for data to be sent from a connected device and back to the same device, according to Next Generation.Now, the four major U.S. wireless carriers are all jockerying for position.Will McKitterick, senior research analyst for BI Intelligence, Business Insider's premium research service, has compiled a detailed report on wireless carriers that examines how the wireless industry has fundamentally changed since carriers began aggressively responding to the launch of T-Mobile s Un-Carrier movement.It also looks at the factors underpinning changes in the broader wireless industry and the challenges carriers face in 2016 and beyond, including the upcoming spectrum auction and the deployment of new wireless technologies.Here are some key takeaways from the report:Consumers are actually becoming more loyal to their current wireless operator even as competition between the carriers intensifies.The wireless carriers are not only battling over device financing, they re also trying to woo consumers through attractive data packages.Intensified competition between carriers has lengthened the smartphone replacement cycle, posing a challenge for mobile software developers and handset makers.With phone subscriber growth stagnating, carriers will look to alternative sources of revenue, including connected cars, tablets, and IoT devices, to drive growth.The upcoming spectrum auction, the latest ruling on net neutrality, and new technology, will change the face of the broader wireless industry in next few years.In full, the report:Examines the impact of T-Mobile s Un-Carrier movement on the wireless industry.Forecasts how the death of the two-year contract will impact the broader mobile industry.Identifies how carriers are helping facilitate the growth of mobile video consumption.Explains the changing nature of subscriptions and the growing importance of connected devices.Discusses what changes and challenges the wireless industry will face over the next five years.To get your copy of this invaluable guide, choose one of these options:Subscribe to an ALL-ACCESS Membership with BI Intelligence and gain immediate access to this report AND over 100 other expertly researched deep-dive reports, subscriptions to all of our daily newsletters, and much more.But however you decide to acquire this report, you ve given yourself a powerful advantage in your understanding of the wireless carrier war.