The crazy future of transport: in pictures View GalleryFor a jet or rocket to be classified as hypersonic, it must travel at five times the speed of sound, or Mach 5."You could fly long distances over the Earth very, very quickly.The Antipode would travel at 24 times the speed of soundThe team plans to run 10 trials on the rocket, which has a supersonic combustion engine that uses oxygen for fuel, making it lighter than traditional rockets.Boeing and the German space agency are also working on the project with the US and Australian militaries.Earlier this year a concept design for the Antipode, which could travel from London to New York in just 11 minutes at 12,427 miles per hour, was released.The X-15, operated by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration secured the official world record for the highest speed ever reached by a manned, powered aircraft.
Eight studies have received funding under Phase 2 of the NASA innovative Advanced Concepts program, including a proposal to blast tiny spacecraft to other star systems using powerful lasers.The high-risk, high-reward ideas — which received grants under Phase 2 of the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts NIAC program — include a possible way to induce a hibernation-like state in Mars-bound astronauts and a proposal to blast tiny spacecraft between the stars using powerful lasers."The NIAC program is one of the ways NASA engages the U.S. scientific and engineering communities, including agency civil servants, by challenging them to come up with some of the most visionary aerospace concepts," Steve Jurczyk, associate administrator of NASA's Space Technology Mission Directorate in Washington, D.C, said in a statement Friday May 13 .This basic idea is at the heart of the $100 million Breakthrough Starshot project, which Stephen Hawking and other scientists announced last month.In this concept, a spacecraft would slow down upon approach to a planet by generating its own magnetic field.- See more at: sthash.r4Idujwq.dpuf"Phase 2 decisions are always challenging, but we were especially challenged this year with so many successful Phase 1 studies applying to move forward with their cutting-edge technologies," Jason Derleth, the NIAC program executive at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C., said in the same statement.
The next generation of air travel just got a step closer, with the successful completion of a rocket test in the Australian desert that could one day lead to flights from London to Sydney taking as little as two hours.The test is part of a series of ten, run by a team comprised of US and Australian military scientists.At the Woomera Testing Range, they were able to send an experimental scramjet attached to a rocket booster to an altitude of 278 kilometres with a top speed of Mach 7.5 - more than seven times the speed of sound.That's far faster than the 'supersonic' Concorde aircraft ever achieved, and passes the threshold for 'hypersonic travel' instead - defined as travel at more than five times the speed of sound."The practical application of that is you could fly long distances over the Earth very, very quickly but also that it's very useful as an alternative to a rocket for putting satellites into space.""It is a game-changing technology... and could revolutionise global air travel, providing cost-effective access to space," Australia's chief scientist Alex Zelinsky said in a statement.
US aerospace and defence firm Lockheed Martin has unveiled a concept for a new Mars base that will orbit the Red Planet instead of being based on the planet's surface, enabling humans to be sent to Mars by 2028.Lockheed Martin has envisioned a heavy lift rocket that turns into a space station, orbiting Mars to allow scientists to gather valuable researchUnveiled at the Human to Mars space conference in Washington DC on Wednesday 18 May, the Mars Base Camp is a space station designed to orbit around the Red Planet, similar to the International Space Station ISS , only smaller.Also included in the design are radiators to keep sensitive electronics and living quarters cool, solar arrays to harness power from the sun for spacecraft operations and propulsion, and a cryogenic rocket engine that produces a high-powered thrust to get the spacecraft from lunar orbit into deep space to Mars and enables the astronauts to go on excursions around the Red Planet's moons; Phobos and Deimos.Much can be learnt from Mars orbitLockheed Martin's mission timeline for the Mars base campBy being in orbit of the Red Planet, scientists can learn a lot more about Mars even without landing, and it means that we could learn more instead of spending more time creating and constructing the right habitats.So Lockheed Martin has come up with a proposal it hopes the space agency will consider in order to cement plans to get humans to Mars.To that end, it has drawn up set targets – have the rocket and capsule ready to launch on an unmanned mission by 2018, and if that is successful, take astronauts to deep space, just beyond the moon in 2023 for the first time ever, and then work their way towards orbiting Mars by 2028.
A sunrise showcases the Earth's thin, thin atmosphere.Yet the station remains an abstract concept when compared to something as concrete as a rocket launch or a space shuttle.But even these views are limited in scope and clarity.For me, then, the true star of A Beautiful Planet is not Earth—with its storms, continents, volcanoes, coral reefs, and city lights—or even the Aurora Borealis, but the International Space Station, revealed in its glory by a Canon EOS C500 4K Digital Cinema Camera and EOS-1D C 4K cameras.These three astronauts provide A Beautiful Planet with much of its commentary, but others—such as NASA s Kjell Lindgren and Scott Kelly, Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov, and Kimiya Yui of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency—appear as well.Little time was set aside in the crew s schedules to capture footage, so much of what we see was shot outside of the long hours the crew spend each day tending to the station, working on experiments, or exercising to ensure they don t lose too much muscle while in free fall.
You get the Light Rider, a jaw-dropping, 3D printed electric motorcycle that tips the scales at just 35 kilograms, or roughly 77 pounds.APWorks CEO Joachim Zettler said the complex and branched hollow structure couldn t have been produced using conventional production technologies such as milling or welding.Advances in additive layer manufacturing, Zettler added, have allowed them to realize the bionic design they envisioned for the motorcycle without having to make any major changes.Reducing the amount of material used and swapping a standard gasoline engine for a 6wK electric motor creates a power-to-weight ratio that equals what you d find on a supercar.APWorks is offering a limited production run of just 50 motorcycles and predictably, they won t come cheap.The company is currently accepting pre-orders with plans to sell each bike for 50,000 euros, or around $56,000 USD.
Photo credit: AP imagesHow long does it take to transport a 15-story long space shuttle fuel tank through Los Angeles?The mission: To move ET-94, the last flight-qualified external tank in existence, to the California Science Center from Marina del Rey, where it had arrived by barge from the NASA center in New Orleans.According to the Associated Press, the tank traveled by truck starting at around midnight.Fuel tanks, which carry propellants, detach about 70 miles above the Earth s surface after liftoff and often burn up in the atmosphere on their way down, so it s no surprise that this ET-94 is the last in existence.As you can see from photos, the piece of aerospace history was welcomed by many residents, who captured images of the thing on its journey.The tank will be on display at the center, and, along with an orbiter and solid rocket boosters, will be the only place in the world where people can see a full shuttle stack, according to the California Science Center s website.
Just a few years ago it was a big deal to 3D print a plastic toy.APWorks specializes in additive layer manufacturing ALM and special materials, producing optimized special parts for the automotive, aerospace, and robotics industries.It looks like an organic structure, perhaps something you d see under a microscope.The material and design resulted in a frame that weighs only 13 pounds but can handle the load and rigor of daily use.However, if you re intrigued enough to want to get on the list, the company is taking pre-orders for a limited production run of 50.But grab a large pen when you pull out your checkbook: Those 50 Light Riders are priced at $56,095 each €50,000 , plus tax.
In fact, without decent versioning, documentation, publication of data and rigorous evidence standards, simulations that attract headlines both in academic and general media should probably be consigned to the lamented Journal of Irreproducible Results.Olivier Mesnard and Lorena Barba of the university's mechanical and aerospace engineering school have just spent three years trying to replicate computational fluid dynamics CFD results first published in 2014, and have published their travails here at Arxiv.In their original research, Mesnard and Barba wrote their own CFD software to model the aerodynamics of flying snakes like the one shown in the IOP-sourced video below .Their next step, to make the work easier for other researchers to replicate their results, was a replication study on other packages: the free OpenFOAM fluid modeller; the also-open IBAMR project from New York University; and a rewrite of their own code using the PETSc library for parallelism.That's where things got painful, they write: to get where they expected to get needed three years of dedicated work that encountered a dozen ways that things can go wrong, conquered one after another, to arrive finally at approximately the same findings and a whole new understanding of what it means to do reproducible research in computational fluid dynamics.Different hardware, a newer operating system, and a newer compiler can all wreck reproducibility, they write: In an iterative linear solver, any of these things could be related to lack of floating-point reproducibility.
REUTERS/Eduardo MunozBy Daniel Wiessner and Dan Levine Reuters - The International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers trumpeted an agreement reached earlier this month to represent New York Uber drivers, saying it "gives organized labor an opportunity to shape the new economy in a way that supports and values workers and their families."Under the terms of its agreement with Uber Technologies Inc UBER.UL , the Machinists will form an Independent Drivers Guild that will be able to intervene with the company on behalf of wrongly terminated drivers and negotiate for benefits, such as disability insurance and roadside assistance.She said her organization had been in talks with the Machinists about collaborating on a driver unionization campaign before the agreement with Uber.But contract workers are not entitled to the same legal protections employees enjoy, including minimum wage guarantees and overtime pay.Last month, the SEIU drew flack from another union, Unite Here, for negotiating with internet-based home rental company Airbnb Inc to encourage its hosts to hire union-approved house cleaners who would make at least $15 an hour.Seth Harris, a Washington D.C. lawyer who was deputy U.S. labor secretary from 2009 to 2013, said both unions and companies like Uber are formulating strategies for the new labor market in the face of outmoded labor and antitrust laws that restrict their options.
An artist's impression of the full size reuseable rocketIndia has tested an unmanned, small-scale, space shuttle as part of its plans to create a reusable rocket.The 7 metre scale model rocket "successfully" flew 65km 40 miles into the air before it came down at sea, officials at the Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO said.On re-entry through the Earth's atmosphere the vehicle reached Mach 5, five times the speed of sound, before it landed at sea.The mission was the first test flight of a "winged body aerospace vehicle" that the country hopes will provide data for its bid to create a reusable rocket.The 1.75 tonne model was created over the last five years and cost 1 billion rupees £9.6 million .Reusable rockets for space missions are being developed by a number of companies.
The golden box snaps shut with the click of two magnets hidden under the cardboard.The earbuds themselves are hidden inside this case, magnetically snapped into place, where they ll live whenever they re not in your ears.Keep pressing one of the buttons down if you need to make them discoverable by your phone, tablet, or computer.By contrast, the Erato Apollo 7 use a micro-sized dynamic driver – like a super tiny version of the driver in your home speakers or full-size headphones – and, therefore, the bass on these bad boys is very impressive.No, these aren t over-ear headphones, and you re not going to forget that while listening, but there s plenty of bass to appreciate in the Apollo 7 s.Greg Mombert/Digital TrendsMidrange response was fairly balanced with the bass and treble, providing clean vocals and just a little bit of meat to string instruments, those at times we felt like there was just a slight dip in there that kept voices from sounding like they were right inside your head.What the buds lack in stability among themselves, they more than make up for with remarkable wireless range with your device.
Light Rider from AP Works sold in a limited edition of 50 copies for 50,000 euros each. Photographer: AP Works Airbus company AP Works begin selling an electric motorbike that is printed from a 3D printer and weighing only 35 kg. By building up the framework of the thousands of layers of powdered metal, each only 30 micrometers thick, AP Works to build a structure optimized for strength and low weight. It had not been possible with conventional manufacturing techniques, argue AP Works. They have used an aluminum alloy called Scalmalloy, commonly used in the aerospace industry. The motorcycle is powered by an electric motor with power 6 kW, and torque is 130 Nm.
Since a space policy speech in 2010 by President Obama, the space agency has been following a loosely defined plan to first send astronauts to visit a fragment of an asteroid near the Moon and then conduct other operations in the vicinity of the Moon before striking off for Mars some time in the 2030s.NASA s focus on a Journey to Mars, even when the resources do not exist to pull it off, has been an increasing source of frustration within the aerospace community.As NASA flies around the Moon in cislunar space, Chiao and Pulham warned, these countries may partner with China, which has said it intends to send humans to Earth s satellite within a couple of decades.Congress passed the Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act at the end of 2015, which allowed private companies to keep any resources they mined from asteroids or, critically, the Moon.A number of businesses are interested in harvesting ice believed to be abundant in dark craters at the lunar poles.The spacecraft and rockets NASA is developing, Orion and the Space Launch System, could easily be adapted to lunar missions.
Airbus has filed a patent update to its experimental hybrid X3 helicopter — the world's fastest chopper that can soar through the skies at speeds of 293mph by using innovative aeroplane-like, wing-mounted propellers.The aerospace manufacturer has been secretly working on its high-speed hybrid helicopter X3 design for years, which was previously known as the Eurocopter X3 with its first flight taking place back in 2010.What makes this aircraft so special is its revolutionary compound design that uses a traditional main rotor for vertical take-off but also wing propellers you'd see on an aeroplane.This newly filed patent looks to update to its design by placing the motors behind the wings rather than at the front "which results in comfort by reducing noise and vibrations and increased passenger safety" according to the patent granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office.It also goes on to say that the new propeller positions will help increase the amount of lift and offer "considerable advantages" for aerodynamics.Having a chopper that can hit high-speeds for long distances could be a huge advantage for military missions and medical evacuations as well as changing the landscape for business travel.
View photosMoreThe Space Potatoes, a team of middle-schoolers from Bellevue, Washington, won first place at the 2016 Team America Rocketry Challenge National Finals on May 16, 2016.A team of middle-school students from Washington state will represent the United States at an international rocketry contest in Europe, after taking home the top prize at the 2016 Team America Rocketry Challenge National Finals on May 16.The students will travel to London in July for the international competition.The challenge was to build a rocket that would reach an altitude of 850 feet 259 meters and safely bring back a payload consisting of two raw eggs, all in less than 46 seconds.The Team America Rocketry Challenge is sponsored by the Aerospace Industries Association, the National Association of Rocketry, and a number of industry sponsors, including Raytheon, Lockheed Martin and Thales USA.The contest debuted in fall 2002 and was initially intended as a one-time celebration of the centennial of powered flight; however, it proved to be so popular that it was made into a yearly program.
photographer: DLR GKN Aerospace in Trollhättan has received its largest development contracts for space projects - engine parts for the new European rocket Ariane 6th The contract covers the development and eventually the production of sandwich nozzle for the main engine of Ariane 6, which goes under the name Vulcain 2.1. In addition, GKN produce four turbines for the engine in the rocket's second stage, called the Vinci engine. On one hand, more and more components to Ariane 6 than was delivered to the current Ariane 5, and it is estimated that the Ariane 6 will be used to a greater extent than Ariane 5th Eleven launches per year is the plan for Ariane 6, compared with six for Ariane 5th The goal of ESA and Airbus, Safran Launchers, ASL has been with Airbus 6 reduce costs considerably for the postponements compared to earlier rocket program.
SpaceX is planning to launch its fifth rocket of the year this Thursday at 5:40 p.m.The Falcon 9 rocket will be launching out of Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying a communications satellite called that weighs nearly 7,000 lbs.As of Tuesday afternoon, weather conditions look good for the launch.Once up, the satellite, which was built by aerospace manufacturer Orbital ATK for Thailand s first satellite operator Thaicom PLC, will provide TV and internet services to Southeast Asia.SpaceX's track record for launches has been nearly flawless this year, with four successful launches and three successful landings and retrievals!One of those successes took place on land in December; two more happened in April and May at sea.SpaceX will once again attempt to land the first stage of the rocket on a drone ship in the Atlantic.If it succeeds, it'll be:The fourth successful retrieval of the first stage of a Falcon 9 rocket The third successful at-sea landing The second successful landing after launching to the extremely high geostationary orbit, more than 22,000 miles above Earth s equatorDuring SpaceX s last launch, Elon Musk admitted he wasn't sure if they'd stick the landing, citing the extreme heat and velocity the rocket faced upon reentry into Earth s atmosphere.And although it was a hugely surprising success, the re-landed first stage suffered "maximum damage," meaning it's not going back to space again anytime soon.
That compares with 5.9 percent in the Bay Area.Annual venture capital funding for Los Angeles area technology companies rose to $2 billion in 2014, a 185 percent increase in five years, according to Upfront Ventures and CB Insights.On sites where Howard Hughes developed aircraft after World War II, Rubicon Project Inc. is pairing advertisers and websites; Fullscreen Inc. is working to turn Internet personalities into mobile-video stars, and Gehry Technologies Inc. is developing software to model buildings and urban environments.The company has drawn from L.A. s film and television talent pool to offer longer visual narratives, he said, belying its reputation for viral pet videos.Playa Vista was a cluster of airplane hangars surrounded by wetlands into the late 1990s, well after the rest of L.A. s coastline had filled in with homes, aerospace companies, tourist attractions and a nascent technology scene in Santa Monica.The disappearing-image messaging platform Snapchat, founded in Venice Beach, was developed by a trio of students at Stanford University."We knew that Playa was uniquely located in terms of its proximity to whatever you would consider the tech hub before 2012 in Los Angeles, which was pretty much Santa Monica," said Adrian Foley, Brookfield s western regional president."Even in its relative infancy, L.A. s technology sector already is undergoing a pattern familiar to San Francisco Bay Area firms seeking refuge from Palo Alto rents.Mitu Inc., which creates online videos, quizzes and other content for young Latinos, is headquartered in Santa Monica in a building with many of the hallmarks of a tech startup: an open workspace with exposed wood ceilings, colorful artwork, free snacks for employees.Mitu s 60 employees will move east to downtown Los Angeles when the company s Santa Monica lease expires this year, said Roy Burstin, the company s chief executive and co-founder.
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station ISS will tomorrow pump up the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module BEAM - the "first human-rated expandable structure that may help inform the design of deep space habitats".The engorgement is expected to begin at 10:10 GMT 6:10 AM EDT , with NASA TV's live coverage kicking of at 09:30 GMT 5:30 AM EDT .Pic: Bigelow AerospaceAstronauts will first venture into BEAM on 2 June, and then several times a year over the next two years, "to retrieve sensor data and assess conditions inside the module".Once scientists have determined how the structure "protects against solar radiation, space debris and the temperature extremes of space", it'll be cut loose from the ISS and consigned to a fiery death in Earth's atmosphere.The obvious threat to BEAM is high-speed orbiting debris, such as that which chipped the ISS's cupola window.It's unclear whether ISS crew are armed with a space-rated bicycle puncture repair kit to tackle such an eventuality.