However, this project is affection on a grand scale: some US enthusiasts are creating a transistor-for-transistor replica of the chip's design using discrete components.It's a good thing we're in the era of surface mount components, because even with small components the 3,218 transistors, 1,019 resistors and various other bits of the MOnSter 6502 need a four-layer PCB measuring 12 x 15 with components mounted on both sides.Because a big, slow, and mostly-useless processor board would be boring without flashing lights, it also includes 167 LEDs showing the values of various control lines, registers, and status bits .Regrettably, the chip won't be able to completely emulate the original 6502 inside an olde-worlde Apple board, because it's too slow.That might be enough, however, to get it to boot and run BASIC, Schlaepfer hopes.They've also recreated discrete-component versions of two smaller classics: the 555 timer, and the 741 op-amp.
In an ideal world, computers would only have one type of data storage, but thanks to the laws of physics and businesses, we have two main types three if you count CPU L caches .Previous PCM implementations only used 1 bit per cell, basically equivalent to storing either 0 or 1 2 values ."Someday" being the operative word here.As no actual commercially available implementation has been launched yet, we can't really speculate on how viable PCM will be as a replacement for both DRAM and flash.As mentioned, it is a topic of interest in the wider computing industry, including other companies.Suffice it to say, whoever is able to come out with a wallet-friendly and reliable solution first could very well end up in the annals of computing history as the pioneers of the new age of computer memory.
The factory images should arrive shortly for the supported devices: Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 6P, Nexus 9, Nexus 9 LTE, Nexus Player, General Mobile 4G, and Pixel C.Google launched the first Android N developer preview in March and the second preview in April.In past years, Google has unveiled the next Android version and released the accompanying developer preview at its I/O developer conference, but with Android N, the company is starting much earlier — we re at I/O 2016 and the company is already on the third preview.There are two big features the Android team is highlighting in the third preview: seamless updates like in Chrome OS!The third preview naturally includes everything that inside the first two previews, but these features are being shared for the first time today.Google says that seamless updates are inspired by how Chromebooks apply updates.The next time you restart your Android phone or tablet, it will boot up using the updated system image.Seamless updates are a huge addition that will have massive implications on the Android ecosystem years down the road.Developers will be happy to know that VR mode brings performance enhancements, including single buffer rendering and access to an exclusive CPU core.VR mode lets apps take advantage of smooth head-tracking, stereo notifications, and low latency graphics.Of course, we knew that was the case thanks to Google Cardboard s success, but now the company is baking support and improvements right into its mobile operating system.As you might expect, the new preview also includes a few API changes check out the diff reports and a slew of bug fixes.
There were some complaints surrounding the "Dynamic Fulcrum Hinge" including a gap that's formed when the laptop is closed.So, you can tell that we're not the only ones already clamoring for Microsoft to improve on an already promising formula.Likely as much as – if not a bit more than – the current Surface BookWe're quite alright with the design for the most partSurface Book 2 release dateNaturally, the company has not officially announced the product given that the Surface Book launched mere months ago.However, it's easy to speculate that a follow up is in the works, and could possibly arrive by the end of the year, next to the Surface Pro 5.This processor family will offer native USB 3.1 Type-C and Thunderbolt 3 support, feature up to four cores as the default configuration, and better performance both on the CPU and GPU fronts.This is a rather old patent, but it wouldn't be surprising nonetheless if the company pushed forward with a rechargeable Surface Pen for the Surface Book 2, even more so given Microsoft's current focus on providing better stylus support in Windows 10.
Credit: GoogleForget the CPU, GPU, and FPGA, Google says its Tensor Processing Unit, or TPU, advances machine learning capability by a factor of three generations.This is roughly equivalent to fast-forwarding technology about seven years into the future three generations of Moore s Law , the blog said.Because of this, we can squeeze more operations per second into the silicon, use more sophisticated and powerful machine learning models, and apply these models more quickly, so users get more intelligent results more rapidly.The tiny TPU can fit into a hard drive slot within the data center rack and has already been powering RankBrain and Street View, the blog said.Analyst Patrick Moorhead of Moore Insights & Strategy, who attended the I/O developer conference, said, from what little Google has revealed about the TPU, he doesn t think the company is about to abandon traditional CPUs and GPUs just yet.He likened the comparison to decoding an H.265 video stream with a CPU versus an ASIC built for that task.
In VR Mode, Android N switches to single buffering.A display fills in the pixels row by row, and as Burke puts it, you're "chasing the scan lines" of the display with the GPU when single buffering.Applying electricity to the LCD spiral causes them to straighten out, which, when combined with the polarizer layers, works to turn light off twisted crystals block the light or on straight crystals align with the polarizer and allow light through .Having these crystals twist and untwist takes time, which is called the "response time" and is usually measured in milliseconds.Democratizing Gear VR-style devicesEnlargeMost of this sounds like it is following the path blazed by Oculus and Samsung with the Gear VR.He talks about how he practically invented Time Warp for modern VR.
Lian Li has built its brand on the promise of quality, its name synonymous with aluminum building materials and a premium price point.The Ebonsteel Series is being introduced with three cases: the PC-K5, PC-K6 and PC-K6S, all of which are mid-tower designs that are said to offer competitive air and liquid cooling support, convenient build features and support for full ATX boards.The PC-K5 features two removable drive cages that accommodate video cards of up to 250mm in length when installed or cards up to 400mm in length when removed, seven expansion slots, a 250mm long power supply and a CPU cooler up to 160mm in height.There are two 120mm intake fans on the front panel, a 120mm rear exhaust fan, HD audio jacks, a USB 3.0 port, two USB 2.0 ports, power and reset buttons plus LED indicators at the top and openings for two additional 120mm fans or a radiator.The front bezel hides two 120mm intake fans that draw in air from vents on the side of the bezel.On the bottom are four rubber feet and a removable dust filter positioned under the PSU mounting area.
Lian Li's new Ebonsteel range is aimed at the builder on a budget, with support for ATX or mATX motherboards and a single-colour finish to the steel panels.Lian Li is ditching its trademark brushed aluminium for steel in a new range of cases aimed at the system build on a budget: the Lian Li Ebonsteel family.As the name suggests, Lian Li's Ebonsteel range is made from steel and finished in black.Initially, it will comprise three models: the PC-K5X, an ATX/mATX chassis featuring two removable drive cages, support for four 3.5" or 2.5" hard drives, seven expansion slots, and graphics cards up to 250mm long with tower coolers up to 160mm tall; the PC-K6X, which builds on the PC-K5X with support for a total of seven hard drives, covered drive caddies and power supply area, and allows for graphics cards up to 330mm in length and CPU coolers up to 170mm in height; finally, the PC-K6SX takes the PC-K6X and adds a hinged from panel and sound-damping foam inserts to drop the noise level down.In all cases, the Ebonsteel family is being made exclusively in a black finish - a change from Lian Li's typical approach of offering at least two finishes per case type.Buyers will have the choice of purchasing windowed or windowless variants of the PC-K5X for $56 and $60 respectively, while the larger PC-K6X will be priced at $93 or $109 for the PC-K6SX sound-damping model.
In Win 303 ReviewManufacturer: In WinUK price as reviewed : Approx £99 inc VATUS price as reviewed : TBCIn Win's focus on premium, unusual, but nonetheless striking cases has been one of the best things about the enthusiast PC scene for a number of years.In some ways, it's quite edgy and funky-looking, but from some angles it does look like a throwback to some 1990's budget PC case.The system is loaded using Prime95 25.11 and Unigine's Heaven 4.0 benchmark.Lian Li PC-D888 8 x 120mm fans; max speed SilverStone Raven RVX01Cooler Master MasterCase Pro 5In Win 303No case - open test benchCorsair Carbide Series 600C max speed In Win 805 ReviewBe Quiet!Silent Base 600 min speed Phanteks Eclipse P400S med speed Phanteks Eclipse P400S min speed Performance AnalysisThe huge vent in the case, relatively powerful, and fairly quiet rear fan, vents in the far side panel, and the comparatively low location of the CPU cooler in the case clearly bolstered the 303's cooling prowess as it managed respectable results in both our graphs.Combined with some handy cooling performance, the 303 is one of the best cases below £100 and it's anything but run-of-the-mill.
Chinese smartphone maker Xiaomi has announced a new Android TV box with 4K and gaming capabilities.It was easy to miss in Google's jam-packed opening address at Google I/O, but Android TV is still very much a thing.Indeed, Google has some powerful new allies in its assault on the living room.Details on pricing, release date, and wider availability are unknown.But if Xiaomi can price its box keenly as it has a reputation for doing , we could have a very interesting set-top-box contender on our hands.Next, check out our Sky Q hands-on video:Would you consider Xiaomi's new set-top-box if it was available in your territory?
With a phone you only have to worry about cost, color, and capacity, but when upgrading your computer you need to consider portability, power, speed, storage, screen size, pixels, expansion needs and more.Mac ProA cylindrical tower of powerCPU: Up to 3.0GHz 8-core processor with 25MB L3 cache or 2.7GHz 12-core processor with 30MB L3 cache Graphics: Up to dual AMD FirePro D700 GPUs with 6GB of GDDR5 vRAM each RAM: Up to 32GB four 8GB or 64GB four 16GB of DDR3 ECC memory Storage: 256GB PCIe-based flash storage configurable to 512GB or 1TB Communication: Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11a, IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11n, Bluetooth 4.0, IEEE 802.11ac Dimensions WxDxH : 16.7cm x 16.7cm x 25.1cmStellar designTwin GPUsThe Mac Pro was cutting-edge when it launched in late 2013, and it's still one of the most advanced PCs money can buy - though an update wouldn't go amiss.If you're dropping more than a grand and a half on an iMac you might as well go the whole hog and get the faster, Fusion Drive-packing model, packing a 5K Retina Display, 3.5GHz processor and Fusion Drive for £1,849 $2,299 .When the PowerBook debuted in 1991, Apple caused a stir by pushing the keys closer to the screen to create a natural palm rest and room for a trackball.The Air is Apple's best selling model, according to supply chain estimates, and continues to be the cheapest way of getting a laptop with a glowing Apple logo on the back.The desktop is popular both because of its price—which undercuts the cheapest MacBook Air by $400—and its design, which is small, sleek, and simple.
Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge dealsThe Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge is a phone I'd hate to have had to make.But Samsung believes we unlock our phones over 150 times a day, and by stopping us doing that the device is no longer waking up, starting the CPU and connecting to reams of data services, which in turn saves battery.But it's really limited: it takes from sources that you can't define, and while I spent time trying to tell it what I did and didn't like it wasn't as good as other services, or dedicated apps that do the same thing.The Galaxy S7 Edge lost 10% battery overnight, which is a little high, but I did have the always-on display enabled though – a repeat test with it turned off and do not disturb mode enabled saw the battery drop just 2%, demonstrating that the S7 Edge is pretty good at not drawing too much power when it's asleep.The Galaxy S7 Edge now has a very similar 'screen flash' method of illuminating faces in the front-facing camera to the iPhone – it's hard not to note the similarity when this feature wasn't present in the S6 duo and has popped up since Apple introduced it last year.And when it comes to gaming, given the amount of power being offered by Samsung's Exynos chip or the Qualcomm Snapdragon 820 choice in the US and the gruntiest GPUs alongside, there's a lot to be excited about.
Google has published a compatibility list for the feature, including both the small handful of systems that will be compatible with the early developer channel betas and a longer list of Chromebooks, Chromeboxes, and Chromebases that will be supported later in 2016 as the stable version rolls out.That list doesn't include most Chromebooks more than two years old, which Google tells us is intentional; Android apps should be supported on all new Chromebooks going forward and older hardware going back to 2015 or late 2014, but hardware older than that isn't likely to run them.The cutoff appears to be mostly age-based and not influenced by the system's OEM, capabilities, speed, price, or CPU architecture.The original Chromebook Pixel doesn't show up on the list, for instance, despite being a Google-made system with a touchscreen and faster hardware than many modern low-end Chromebooks.Many of these systems will continue to get regular Chrome OS updates for some time yet, since Google's Chrome OS End of Life policy guarantees updates for at least five years from a device's release date.And enterprising Chrome OS users may find some way to enable the feature unofficially.
4 cooler is claimed to offer improved performance and quieter running than its predecessors.4 is claimed to have plenty of improvements over earlier designs.Chief among these are a redesigned fin stack shape which is claimed to reduce airflow resistance, improved heat transfer via direct-contact heatpipes, and higher-quality soldered connections between the heatpipes and the fin stack.The design tweaks aren't exclusive to the metal portion of the bundle, either: Gelid claims the included 120mm fan is better than ever before thanks to what the company calls its 'Double Layer Blade Technology,' capable of improving airflow at lower speeds.Coupled with a redesigned pulse-width modulation PWM circuit which eliminates the annoying clicking sound of earlier incarnations, Gelid claims the Tranquillo Rev.4 is due to hit the channel shortly, priced at €29 around £22 excluding taxes.
The battle for the long-awaited next generation of graphics cards is about to get real.After Nvidia came out swinging with the Titan-slaying GeForce GTX 1080, a badass graphics card built around the company s cutting-edge 16nm Pascal GPUs, all signs point to AMD preparing its Radeon counterpunch.The brief announcement doesn t indicate in detail what will be on show in the livestream which are typically reserved for large product launches , but Radeon graphics guru Raja Koduri will host alongside AMD CEO Lisa Su.That being said, the release only promises Polaris updates, so AMD might not necessarily reveal hard information about Polaris-based graphics cards, much less initiate a hard launch.The story behind the story: It ll be interesting to see what, exactly, AMD unveils at Computex if it indeed launches new Radeon graphics cards.Take note, chip geeks: Bristol Ridge s CPUs will be built using the same 28nm technology as 2015 s Carrizo APUs, rather than moving to the new high-performance Zen architecture AMD s rolling out later this year.
El Ranchito, which was founded in 2010 in Barcelona, has an office in Madrid.It has done work on movies including The Homesman and it also did some special effects work for Game of Thrones's season 5.It can do this by replacing its filer estate with faster filers, utilising more and faster CPU cores, SSDs to replace some disk drives and faster network pipes, but this is costly and the kit remains in place to be supported and maintained after the project is finished with no guarantee of replacement project workOr it can decide that the classic dual-controller disk-based array approach is inherently screwed because it is disk-based and needs replacing with 100Gbit Ethernet-accessed all-flash filer storage.Unfortunately this is only to be found at the in-your-dreams fantasy store, especially at a reasonable cost.It doesn't seem like a cold Irish coastal scene, but that's VFX magicGame of Thrones season 6 and work for A Monster Calls threatened to bring El Ranchito's filers to a crawl.IT manager Fran Andreo was quoted as saying: "It was not possible for the artists to work, it was a nightmare.
Second spoiler alert: Radeon graphics cards come out on top against their GeForce opposites, as expected in an AMD Gaming Evolved title, but we ll get into that more later.The benchmark provided, dubbed Empire vs. Greenskins, runs through a brief scene showing Total War: Warhammer s Empire and Greenskin factions locked in battle.When it s done, it spits out a results screen showing the average frame rate as well as a graph of frame rate fluctuations.This is based on unfinished code.As a strategy title featuring dozens if not hundreds of on-screen units to keep track of, Total War: Warhammer—much like Stardock s superb Ashes of the Singularity—relies heavily on CPU utilization to process everything.In our tests, its AoTS DirectX 12 performance skyrocketed despite the async hooks ostensibly being disabled.
IBM is offering Nvidia Grid Tesla M60 GPU in cloud to make compute intensive tasks easier in virtual desktops.It will allow customers to deploy more powerful cloud servers for doing complex computing tasks including data analytics, graphics, energy exploration and deep learning/artificial intelligence.Tesla M60 with NVIDIA GRID virtualisation technology can speed up virtualised desktop applications like CAD/CAM computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing including AutoCAD.With the availability of the technology in cloud, companies can used the GPU resources on IBM Cloud on an on-demand basis.It will help reduce the processing time to hours in comparison to the use of CPU-only based servers.Nvidia vice president and general manager Jim McHugh said: "For the first time, businesses can deliver workstation-class graphics-intensive applications from the cloud along with high performance computing."
The Project Ara Developer Edition.MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif.—After numerous delays, Google's modular smartphone concept, Project Ara, is still kicking inside Google.The consumer version has received yet another delay, however, this time to 2017.Project Ara started in 2013 and, like all ATAP projects, it was expected to take two years.The initiative was delayed past its 2015 deadline when it failed to deliver on a promised Puerto Rican pilot where the phone was going to be sold out of food trucks .The plan for Ara is still to have an open marketplace for module developers to create and sell additions to the phone.
Google's madcap Project Ara smartphone is on its way, with the Lego-like modular handset expected to go on sale next year.The project got off to a shaky start, with failed demos and no official word for some time.Nevertheless, as The Verge points out, the brief for the first generation has shrunk and many major hardware features won't be interchangeable.Big parts such as the CPU, display and battery will remain fixed to the chassis and it could be some years before they become truly interchangeable.Google has some big names on side to develop modules, including Sony, Samsung and Toshiba, who could be working on standard additional hardware.The likes of projectors, fitness trackers and torch modules might not be far away with the first generation and even modules designed purely for cosmetic reasons could be on the cards.