Deep within the Gulf of Mexico there lies a place so hostile, so aggressively unpleasant that should a creature ever try and venture within, it ll never be seen again.It is nicknamed, rather fittingly, the Jacuzzi of Despair and it s an underwater lake that sits menacingly at the bottom of the ocean.So what is it that makes this underwater lake so deadly?Well you see the official term is brine pool and it s an underwater phenomena that occurs when water seeps down into the cracks of the ocean floor and starts mixing with the salt formations in the rocks.As a result the water contains four or sometimes five times more salt content than sea water making it lethal for any creature unfortunate enough to enter its murky depths.YouTubeEVNautilus This poor crab unfortunately took a wrong turning.
This surgery sounds like a total nightmare.According to a new Tokyo Medical University Hospital report, a patient s fart during surgery apparently caused a fire that led to serious burns on her body.The fart-fire incident originally occurred all the way back in April, but a report was just released on 28th October by a committee of outside experts who looked at the case and determined there were no flammable materials in the operating theatre during the surgery, according to Japanese newspaper the Asahi Shimbun.The patient, who is in her 30s, was receiving an operation at the Tokyo Medical University Hospital in Shinjuku Ward that involved using a laser to perform surgery.According to a report from the hospital, When the patient s intestinal gas leaked into the space of the operating room , it ignited with the irradiation of the laser, and the burning spread, eventually reaching the surgical drape and causing the fire.The committee also determined that the equipment used in the operation was functioning normally, so it couldn t possibly be to blame during this unfortunate incident.
If you look at one of the points of light in the night sky, chances are good it s not a star—it s likely two or more stars, so close together they look like one from far away.These binary, trinary, and more complex star systems formed together out of a single cloud of gas and dust.This formation process is hard to observe because protostars have not yet begun nuclear fusion and are thus very dim.Furthermore, in many of these systems, the protostars are so close together that only an extremely sensitive instrument could resolve their separation.Fortunately, a very sensitive instrument now exists.Researchers have proposed two main mechanisms by which multiple-star systems might form.
PLCs are specialized embedded computers used to control and monitor physical processes in factories, power stations, gas refineries, public utilities, and other industrial installations.The attack, which will be presented at the Black Hat Europe security conference in London on Thursday, was developed by Ali Abbasi, a doctoral candidate in the distributed and embedded system security group at the University of Twente in the Netherlands, and Majid Hashemi, a research and development engineer at Quarkslab, a Paris-based cybersecurity company.One version of the I/O attack is called pin configuration and involves the use of malicious code that switches an I/O pin's configuration from output to input, or the other way around, without the PLC's OS or programs knowing.Malicious code injected by an attacker into the PLC can reconfigure the output pin as input, preventing the PLC logic from writing to it and opening the valve."It seems that no SoC vendors have taken pin configuration feedback into consideration, and that might not be important for other embedded systems, but for PLCs, whose main operation is with the I/O, this becomes super important and can cause problems."This allows them to bypass existing host-based intrusion detection and control-flow integrity tools for embedded systems like Doppelganger and Autoscopy Jr.
There s a deceptively simple number at the heart of the science of climate change: the sensitivity of Earth s climate system to an addition of greenhouse gas like CO2.This variable gets defined in technical terms on several different timescales, but it all boils down to how much global warming we ll get if we increase CO2 by a given amount.All kinds of complex interactions are contained within this number, including all the feedback loops that amplify or dampen the warming response.As the world warms, more water vapor ends up in the atmosphere—and water vapor is an important greenhouse gas.But the bright, low clouds that water vapor can form reflect sunlight, shading and cooling the Earth.Instead, there are spatial patterns to clouds' effects, and they vary over time.
The merger madness continues.For a second consecutive week, a string of big deals was announced Monday, with GE agreeing to a deal to merge its oil and gas business with Baker Hughes, and CenturyLink announcing a $34 billion deal to buy Level 3 Communications.US mergers and acquisitions activity in October was already at a record high before these deals were announced, led by AT's giant deal for Time Warner.In both of the deals announced Monday, it appears that cost-cutting will be the order of the day.In the case of GE-Baker Hughes, the deal is expected to generate $1.6 billion in run-rate synergies of $1.6 billion by 2020, with GE assigning those savings a net present value of $14 billion.The CenturyLink deal is expected to generate $975 million in annual run-rate cash synergies."Everybody is talking about synergies," Wall Street CEO Ken Moelis told Business Insider earlier this month."You've got to take out every cost you possibly can."The deals represent more good news for Wall Street dealmakers, with eight banks and six law firms winning a role on one of the two deals.Only Morgan Stanley worked across both deals.
Damaged caused by the 1933 Long Beach earthquake.This photo was taken on 4th Street between Elm and Atlantic in Long Beach, California.B. Macelwane archives, Saint Louis University Human-induced earthquakes are on the rise in the United States and Canada, likely as a result of oil and gas industry practices.New research suggests this isn t a new phenomenon, and that several quakes felt in Los Angeles during the early 20th century were likely caused by human activity.B. Macelwane archives, Saint Louis University
LOS ANGELES AP — New research suggests oil drilling decades ago may have triggered earthquakes in the Los Angeles region, including the 1933 quake that killed more than 100 people.If confirmed, it would be the first time oil operations have been linked to a deadly quake in the United States.Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey combed through historical records and identified several quakes in the 1920s and 1930s that were potentially caused by industry activities, including the 1933 magnitude 6.4 jolt that struck the port city of Long Beach.Until now, "we pretty much assumed that earthquakes in the LA area are natural and that induced earthquakes are either not happening or not significant," said USGS seismologist Sue Hough, who led the study.A separate study last year by a team at USGS and California Institute of Technology found no significant evidence of human-caused quakes in the LA region after 1935.Studies have linked the spike to the practice of injecting leftover wastewater into the ground after drilling for oil and gas using newer technologies such as hydraulic fracturing.
Human-induced earthquakes are on the rise in the United States and Canada, likely as a result of oil and gas industry practices.New research suggests this isn t a new phenomenon, and that several quakes felt in Los Angeles during the early 20th century were likely caused by human activity.Damaged caused by the 1933 Long Beach earthquake.B. Macelwane archives, Saint Louis University The Los Angeles Basin is known for its frequent earthquakes, but new research published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America BSSA suggests that a batch of quakes prior to 1935 can be traced to oil production in the area.Geologists Susan Hough and Morgan Page of the U.S. Geological Survey point to several quakes, including the 1920 Inglewood quake, the 1929 Whittier quake, the 1930 Santa Monica quake, and the 1933 Long Beach earthquake which was a 6.4 magnitude .
Photo: Capsula Mundi via FacebookDying isn t always an Earth-friendly business.Decomposing bodies in coffins buried in the ground can emit large amounts of methane, a harmful greenhouse gas.That, along with the formaldehyde that s used to get the body preserved for burial makes for not-so-sustainable burial practices.And while the vast majority of people opt for either traditional burial or cremation, there are other ways to be memorialised that do less damage to the planet.Turn your body into a tree
Here are four common Halloween effects that you might have at a party—along with a quick explanation of the physics involved.You pretty much have to use this at your party.If you just place a piece of dry ice on a table, after a while it will have just turned into gas and mixed with the rest of the air.Don t touch it with your bare hands because it is super cold at -75 C that s colder than the temperature on Hoth .The whole thing starts with a high electric potential difference in volts .Now you have an electron avalanche that s actually what it s called .
Click here to explore the graphic above in more detailA single large asteroid can hold as much platinum as has ever been mined on Earth, but the real value of these treasure troves might be in their less glamorous contents.Hydrogen, oxygen or ammonia extracted from asteroids could be used to refuel spacecraft or provide radiation shielding for deep-space missions far beyond the asteroid belt."The idea is to set these asteroids up as gas stations, and grow the economy in space so that we no longer need to carry up everything out of Earth's gravity well," says Ian Webster, the creator of Asterank, a database that charts over 600,000 asteroids.Efforts are under way to claim this prize.Asteroid mining startup Planetary Resources secured $21 million £15.7m in funding in May to build a satellite system to monitor the use of the Earth's resources.
Leland had also started Cadillac, selling it to General Motors in 1902 for the then vast sum of $4.5 million.It was as close a big four-door could come to being a perfectly tailored tuxedo.That massive vehicle capitalized on the SUV boom of the 1990s and early 2000s, when gas prices fell in defiance of earlier predictions that Middle East oil supplies would dry up, spawning a permanent gas crisis that would make the crunches of the 1970s look tame by comparison.The Continental had been associated with the national well-being of the Kennedy years, and in many respects the Navigator was the Continental of the Clinton administration.Lincoln wasn t matching up against the Japanese, either: Lexus, Acura, and Infiniti were hanging with the Germans.Acura and Infiniti were second-tier luxury brands, but even the seconds were stronger than Lincoln, which was barely on anyone s radar.Cadillac, meanwhile, had set about reinventing itself with a new radically angular, Stealth-fighter-inspired art-and-science design vocabulary, which endeared the brand to customers who wanted something more aggressive than what BMW, Mercedes, or Lexus were selling.Fields oversaw the all-important US market and had developed a plan to streamline Ford and force it into more reliable profitability.
A recent study by Cisco found that more than 60% of college students and young professionals worldwide say that they have a right to work remotely on a flexible schedule.Moreover, approximately 70% of those surveyed say coming into the office regularly is unnecessary.Staggering numbers by any measure and certainly a wake-up call for employers, but not completely surprising in our opinion.The ubiquity of mobile devices, social media, and technology innovations has rendered “daily office visits” unnecessary and arguably unproductive.Carve off commute times and gas expenses, and you’ve got an even stronger case for giving the students what they want.The right to work remotely, according to the students and young professionals surveyed, is not a sign of laziness or a lack of motivation, but rather a byproduct of an evolving society.
There s no need to buy a good hybrid that isn t also a good car.The Prius is the most fuel-efficient hybrid around, getting an EPA-rated 56 mpg combined in Eco trim.That s thanks to Toyota s tried-and-true Hybrid Synergy Drive system, and a 1.8-liter four-cylinder engine that achieves 40-percent thermal efficiency, which is much higher than in most engines.The Prius also achieves a very low drag coefficient of 0.24, meaning it has fairly low aerodynamic drag, which helps improve efficiency.Toyota s designers managed to do that while maintaining a roomy cabin and useful hatchback shape.Like other Toyota models, the Prius also gets the Toyota Safety Sense suite of driver-assistance features—including adaptive cruise control and a pre-collision system with pedestrian detection—as standard equipment.
the EU commission required the Russian company Gazprom to open its Nord Stream 1:n as an extension of Europe through the gas pipeline competition.Gazprom's offer to Germany and Tshekkiin leading pipe section to better other gas providers use.Gazprom will, however, receive permission to use their own pipe section from the full, unless other gas providers can be found.This has been interpreted to prop up the Russian left position on the market, which raises fierce criticism, inter alia, in Poland.EU energy legislation to limit big gas pipeline use, that one company is not allowed to use 100% as the gas pipeline.This is intended to prevent a dominant market position in the formation.
Deep beneath the waters of Lake Kivu in Africa's Rift Valley lies enough gas to power neighbouring Rwanda for the next 50 years - or to poison the two million people who live along its shores."Deep springs carry CO2-rich water from volcanoes to the bottom of the lake, where bacteria turns some of it into methane," explains Jarmo Gummerus, country manager for Rwanda at US energy firm ContourGlobal."In ordinary lakes, this gas would disperse slowly into the atmosphere; Kivu is so deep, all the gas is trapped under pressure at the bottom."ContourGlobal's KivuWatt power station, inaugurated in May, now extracts and burns this methane to provide 25mW of power to an energy-starved Rwanda.The company is working to expand operations to 100mW - over half as much the current energy capacity of the country's entire national grid.Stored safely underwater, Lake Kivu's methane reserve represents Rwanda's best hope for an energy-secure future.
Mercedes-Benz isn t wasting any time with its electric vehicle sub-brand, EQ, announcing that its first model will be in production by the end of the decade.Launched last month at the Paris Auto Show, EQ represents an umbrella under which the German automaker intends more than ten all-electric vehicles by 2025.First up will be something in the vein of a sporty SUV Coupé according to Mercedes.That ll borrow the design of the EQ show car that debuted in Paris, a chunky little crossover.Obviously some of the more spotlight-grabbing features may not make it through to production, but Mercedes has designed the EQ platform to be fairly modular, so ramping up after this initial car shouldn t be too much of a challenge.Indeed, it ll take place at one of the automaker s more flexible plants.
UK transport secretary Chris Grayling says a new runway planned at London s Heathrow Airport will not meaningfully increase carbon emissions, despite upping the number of flights.There s only one explanation: Grayling s favourite author must be Douglas Adams.In sci-fi series The Hitchhiker s Guide to the Galaxy, Adams creates something called the Somebody Else s Problem SEP field, which enables people to simply ignore what they don t want to see.Grayling isn t alone in deploying one – internationally, the top current user is Australian prime minister Malcolm Turnbull, who signed up to the Paris Agreement on reducing carbon emissions with one hand and is backing one of the world s largest coal mines with the other.There are myriad ways to meet a carbon budget, whether those laid down for the UK under the Climate Change Act or global ones determined by climate science.The knee-jerk reaction for a decision maker is to let it be Somebody Else s Problem: the energy minister holds back on closing coal-fired power stations; the treasury decides not to prioritise energy efficiency; the transport minister green-lights a new runway.
During a fierce battle for control of the Iraqi city of Mosul last week, Islamic state fighters set fire to a gigantic sulphur plant.Days later, a plume of sulphur dioxide continues to spread over surrounding areas, darkening skies and making the air toxic to breathe.This isn t the first time the Al-Mishraq sulphur mine and processing facility has caught fire: As NASA s Earth Observatory points out, a similar disaster occurred more than a decade ago, in June 2003.That time, the fire raged for a month, releasing a total of 600 kilotonnes of sulphur dioxide and becoming the largest non-volcanic sulphur plume ever measured by satellites.Black and white stripes over Iraq indicate a sulphur fire burning alongside oil field fires, some of which have been raging for months.Sulphur dioxide — the colourless, noxious gas that forms when sulphur is combusted — is not something you want to be around.