Know-your-client demand may just be ignored by incoming Biden admin On Tuesday, during his last full day as US President, Donald Trump issued an executive order seeking to curtail cyber attacks by directing the government to come up with rules requiring cloud service providers to better identify foreign customers.…
The global Biometrics Technology Market size is expected to reach USD 59.31 billion by 2025, with a CAGR of 19.5% during the forecast period.This technology has its applications in public, commercial and private sectors.Biometrics is related to human characteristics which identify fingerprint, palm veins, face recognition, hand geometry, retina for its authorization.It has applications in government offices, border control, airports, financial institutions, healthcare industry and law on account of which the demand is expected to increase rapidly.Download Free Sample Report @ https://www.millioninsights.com/industry-reports/biometrics-technology-market/request-sample Application Insights The biometrics technology finds usage in applications such as face recognition, hand geometry, signatures, automated fingerprint identification systems (AFIS), voice recognition, iris, and non-AFIS.AFIS finds application in conducting background checks of the workforce of an organization.
Global Data Encryption Market Research Report, End-user (Aerospace & Defense, Automotive, BFSI, IT & Telecom, Healthcare, Manufacturing), Method (Asymmetric, Symmetric), Organization Size (Large Organizations), Deployment (On Premise)– Forecast till 2023Market SynopsisThe growing advancement of data-centered technology and the increasing adoption of electronics data-driven equipment in the market are propelling the data encryption market 2020.The call for the protection of personal and sensitive information produced using electric equipment has led to the proliferation of data encryption market.However, unawareness about data encryption solutions and intricacy in integrating them are the major factors that are impeding the enlargement of the market.Recently, the number of data theft has been on a perpetual increase and data destruction has reached an alarming lap.Several consortia and government bodies have been a victim to the mischievous attacks by fraudulent which has led to a huge loss of money and at times leading to bankruptcy.Owing to the increased adoption of cloud technology, the companies have begun to accumulate data remotely on the cloud.There is an urgent requirement for protecting the data stored on the cloud as well as transferred to the cloud.
In 2017, the rotary blade UAV segment dominated the global market, in terms of revenue.Increasing investments by vendors in technological advancements coupled with decreasing prices of components would reduce the overall cost of UAVs in the coming years, further supporting the market growth.Growing demand from emerging economies, and increasing awareness are factors expected to provide numerous growth opportunities in the coming years.Request for sample copy of this report @https://www.polarismarketresearch.com/industry-analysis/commercial-uav-market/request-for-sampleThe adoption of commercial UAVs is rising at a significant rate worldwide.UAVs provide high resolution imagery capable of monitoring and verifying applications in various sectors including civil engineering & construction, government, defense & intelligence, agriculture & forestry, transportation, real estate, and others.Varied applications of commercial UAVs include topographic mapping, infrastructure planning, exploration of new energy sources, mitigation of impact of disasters, and monitoring drilling projects in oil & gas industry.In real estate industry, commercial UAVs are used for enhanced view of buildings and properties, and in insurance sector for accessing environmental risk through accurate and updated geographical data.North America generated the highest revenue in the market in 2017, and is expected to lead the global market throughout the forecast period.
The report "Crystal Oscillator Market with COVID-19 Impact Analysis by General Circuity (SPXO, TCXO, VCXO), Crystal Cut (AT Cut, BT Cut, SC Cut), Mounting Scheme (Surface Mount, Through-Hole) Application (Consumer Electronics), Geography - Global Forecast to 2025",, size is projected to reach USD 3.1 billion by 2025 from an estimated USD 2.8 billion in 2020, at a CAGR of 2.1% from 2020 to 2025.Browse 238 market data Tables and 65 Figures spread through 235 Pages and in-depth TOC on "Crystal Oscillator Market with COVID-19 Impact Analysis by General Circuity (SPXO, TCXO, VCXO), Crystal Cut (AT Cut, BT Cut, SC Cut), Mounting Scheme (Surface Mount, Through-Hole) Application (Consumer Electronics), Geography - Global Forecast to 2025" Download PDF Brochure @ https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/pdfdownloadNew.asp?id=943 The surface mount segment held a larger share of the crystal oscillator market in 2019.Hence, such crystal oscillators are increasingly being used in consumer electronics, and telecom & networking applications.Especially, due to COVID-19, a work-from-home culture has developed, leading to more dependence on advanced consumer electronic devices.The market is expected to witness growth in the coming years owing to the adoption of different industrial solutions in the regional automotive industry, as well as the required government support in this regard.Seiko Epson Corporation (Japan), Nihon Dempa Kogyo Co., Ltd. (Japan), TXC Corporation (Taiwan), KYOCERA Crystal Device Corporation (Japan), Daishinku Corp. (Japan), Microchip Technology Inc. (US), Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Japan), Hosonic Electronic Co., Ltd. (Taiwan), SiTime Corporation (US), and Siward Crystal Technology Co., Ltd. (Taiwan), are some of the key players in the crystal oscillator market.
Global Intranet as a Service Market Research Report: by Offering (Solutions [Mobile Intranet, Social Intranet, Internal Communications & Employee Recognition, Project Management and Document Management], Services [Professional Services, Deployment & Implementation Services and Other Support Services]), by Organization Size (Small & Medium Enterprises and Large Enterprises), by Vertical (IT & Telecom, BFSI, Government & Defense, Travel & Hospitality, Media & Entertainment, Education, Manufacturing and others) and Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa and South America) - Forecast till 2025OverviewGlobal Intranet as a Service Market is estimated to reach USD 25.5 Billion by 2025, registering a CAGR of 14.2% during the forecast period (2019–2025).Global Intranet as a Service Market is expected to grow at a significant rate mainly due to the rising need for effective management and streamlining of day-to-day business operations.The intranet as a service is a group of varied software solutions that systematically handle the day-to-day operations for enterprises requiring communications, workforce engagement, collaboration, efficient storage management, and so on.The IaaS helps enterprises in accelerating their business functions, providing them easy access from any location and mobile device, and integrating different operating platforms.Get a Free Sample @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/8084Regional AnalysisThe geographic analysis of the Global Intranet as a Service Market has been conducted for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East & Africa, and South America.North America is expected to be the largest market for the intranet as a service during the forecast period.The high number of IaaS software providers and significant demand from the financial institutions and Healthcare facilities, among others for cloud-based intranet solutions is driving the intranet as a service market in the US.Canada is expected to register the highest CAGR during the forecast period due to the expected growth in various industry verticals during the coming years.Europe is expected to hold the second-largest market share in the global IaaS market during the forecast period.The rest of Europe is expected to register the highest CAGR in the European market during the forecast period.Globally, the Asia-Pacific market is expected to register the highest CAGR during the forecast period.
Global Two-Factor Authentication Market Research Report: by Type (One-Time Password (OTP), Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)), by Model (Smart Card with Pin, One-Time Password with Pin, Biometric Technology with Pin, Smart Card with Biometric Technology, Others), by Technology (Safenet OTP Authenticators, PKI Authenticators, Physical and Logical Access Control, Out-Of-Band Authenticators, Mobile PKI Office Suite, Others), by End User (Banking and Finance, Government, Military & Defense, Commercial Security, Travel & Immigration, Healthcare, Consumer Electronics, Aerospace, Others), by Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and the Rest of the World) - Forecast till 2024 Market DynamicsThe two-factor authentication market 2020 is on track to procure a strong growth rate of 17.28% between 2019 and 2024 (assessment period), says Market Research Future (MRFR).MRFR predicts considerable market growth as it is set to reach the size of USD 8,984.7 million by 2024.Get a Free Sample @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/3772Primary Drivers and Main ChallengesThe surge in security breaches as well as cyber-attacks, paired with the considerable rise in online frauds has been instrumental in market growth for two-factor authentication.These cyber-attacks have risen mostly in small and medium enterprises via ransom ware to seize their financial and online accounts.Cloud-backed MFA solutions facilitate facial recognition, document verification and remote fingerprint scanning.Innovations in biometrics, hardware and software technologies along with the increasing government support in enhancing national security can also induce market expansion.The market growth can also be warranted by the rising use of digital payment techniques as well as the high deployment rate of smartphones as well as wireless devices.Market SegmentationFor better understanding of the two-factor authentication market, 4 main segments have been listed in the report, namely type, model, technology and end-user.The types of two-factor MFA are public key infrastructure, one key password, and others.
The global medical plastics market is anticipated to reach over USD 37.5 billion by 2026 growing at a CAGR of 6.1% according to a new study published by Polaris Market Research.The report “Medical Plastics Market Share, Size, Trends & Industry Analysis Report by Type (Standard Plastics, Engineering Plastics, Others); By Application (Medical Device Packaging, Medical Components, BioPharma Devices, Mobility Aids, Sterilization and Infection Prevention, Others); By Region: Segment Forecast, 2018 – 2026” provides a comprehensive analysis of present market insights and future market trends.In 2017, the medical components segment dominated the global industry.North America will be the key revenue contributor during the forecast period.Plastics are now no more just an existing component but have grown in stature in advanced devices and is anticipated to support the growth of medical plastics market.Get Sample copy of this report: https://www.polarismarketresearch.com/industry-analysis/medical-plastics-market/request-for-sample The factors boosting growth stems from the geriatric population and their demand for services, rising home healthcare services and self remedies that boosts the market.Other driving factors include Government impetus for promotion of quality healthcare services, rising demand for minimally invasive procedures and technological advancements.However strict Government rules and absence of standardized healthcare regulations globally are expected to hinder growth of market.
It's obvious that the previous owner must total all registration connected formalities ahead of the sale can be effected.If the individual has not current the registration fee or has not purchased the prerequisite CTP insurance, your chances of finalizing the registration can simply not exist until the pending dilemmas are resolved.Alternatively, the authorities can follow unique rules and regulations when determining the street worthiness of an จองทะเบียนรถ.If you intend to prevent such troubles when completing vehicle registration , you would do well to prepare for these formalities as early as possible.Make sure you focus on the registration details of any and every applied vehicle you see.Buying a car that does not have apparent registration facts does not sound right also when it is a very good buy.Reduced amount of price is one technique employed by fraudulent suppliers to distract the attention of the average person from the flawed registration details.Following getting a brand new vehicle, its preliminary registration is generally powerful for three years.
Global Analytics as a Service Market Research Report: by Component (Solutions and Services), by Analytics Type (Predictive, Prescriptive, and Others), by Deployment, by Organization Size, and by End-User – Forecast till 2023Market SynopsisIn the research report, Market Research Future (MRFR), emphasizes that the global market 2020 is slated to grow exponentially, securing a substantial market valuation of USD 30 billion, and a healthy 35% CAGR over the review period.Get a Free Sample @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/1206Drivers and RestraintsAnalytical operations are designed using an expandable set of resources using an analytical algorithm that is focused mostly on concepts of deep learning and machine learning.In addition, Analytics as a service provides multiple benefits, such as experiential forecasts and the ability to classify the patterns which are expected to develop a huge demand for the market over the next few years.Therefore, in the coming years, the lack of domain-specific knowledge is expected to be one of the hindrances for the analytics as a service industry.Information security risks and complex workflow processes are therefore some of the factors that impede the growth of Analytics as a service marketSegmental AnalysisThe Analytics as a Service market is analyzed into the organization size, component, analytics type, deployment, and end-user.By Component, the market is bifurcated as solutions and services.The solution segment is segmented into financial analytics, risk analytics, marketing analytics, customer analytics, sales analytics, web and social analytics, network analytics, supply chain analytics, and othersBy service, the segment is further is segmented into consulting, managed service, and support & maintenance.On the basis of organization size, the Analytics as a Service market is divided as large enterprises and small and medium enterprises (SMEs).Lastly, the Analytics as a Service market is sub-segmented into end user which BFSI, government, healthcare & life sciences, manufacturing, retail & E-commerce, IT & telecom, energy and utility, travel & hospitality, media & entertainment, transportation and logistics, and others.Regional AnalysisThe geographical analysis of the global Analytics as a Service market has been conducted in four significant regions, including the Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, and the rest of the world.The presumed growth of North America as a service market in Analytics is important.
The Industrial Display System Market is anticipated to surge at 6.8% CAGR, reaching USD 6.71 Bn during the forecast period (2017-2023), predicts Market Research Future (MRFR) in its extensive report.The report analyses that the industrial display system market is on an upward growth trajectory due to its flexible and comprehensive solutions of display devices such as light-emitting diode ( LED ), liquid crystal display (LCD), organic light-emitting diode (OLED), l laser phosphor display (LPD), and many others.Get Free Sample Report : https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/3160Industrial displays comprise an array of devices including computer monitors, televisions, instrument panels, aircraft cockpit displays, and others.These devices have various advanced features such as dust and moisture resistance, readability, improved impact resistance, durability, wide temperature range, improved contrast ratio, higher display brightness, and low-power consumption, making it appealing to large numbers of consumers globally.Technological developments of high definition display devices, high growth of LED-backlit LCD-based display solutions, progressing demand for human–machine interface (HMI) devices, and growing adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) drive the growth of the industrial display market.However, high costs associated with acquisition and implementation of industrial displays undermine the growth of industrial display market.On the other hand, increasing consumer demand for high-specification display solutions is likely to pave the way for the industrial display market to flourish worldwide.Market SegmentationThe industrial display system market has been segmented on the basis of display type, technology, application, and end-user.By display type, the industrial display system market is segmented into flat panel, flexible, and transparent.Industrial display system end-users are consumer electronics, automotive, aerospace, government and defense, retail, and healthcare.Access Report @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/industrial-display-system-market-3160Regional AnalysisThe industrial display system market is geographically segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, and Rest-of-the-World (RoW).Among all regions, North America has been leading the industrial display system market due to technological advancements pertaining to clarity and resolution for the display screen.
Summary – A new market study, “Global Nematicides Market Industry Analysis and Forecast (2018-2026)”has been featured on Wise Guy Reports.ALSO READ: https://industrytoday.co.uk/agriculture/nematicides-2020-global-market-net-worth-us--1-52-bn-forecast-by-2026However, environmental and human hazards with the use of chemical nematicides, strict government regulations on pesticides, and the development of transgenic crops are the factors restraining the market growth.New insect protection genetics in corn and cotton have changed the spectrum of pests to protect against, resulting in the need to rethink crop protection strategies.ALSO READ: https://www.newsmaker.com.au/news/380079/global-flu-test-kit-market-2020-emerging-trends-size-share-demand-opportunities-covid19-impact-analysis-and-forecast2026#.X5f_yYgzbIU Fumitant dominated the market in 2017 due to the advantages like no residue leftover, no resistance development, and excellent activity.While the bionematicides segment is projected to grow rapidly during the forecast period, owing to growing environmental and public health concerns with the use of chemical nematicides.Nematicides in the liquid form have the flexibility for more accurate and direct placement of the nematicides to the target crop.North America is blessed with large arable land.
Market ScenarioGlobal Nanobiosensors in Healthcare Market is expected to register a CAGR of 9.84% from 2019 to 2024.Nanotechnology in the biosensor is known as nanobiosensor; biosensors are analytical devices used for detection of chemical and biological substances in the human body.Nanobiosensors are becoming popular in developed countries.The rising prevalence of diabetes in emerging economies, demand for advanced monitoring systems, and raising awareness about advance nanobiosensors are expected to drive the growth of the market.Moreover, rising R spending and collaborative strategies adopted by the top players, such as new product launches and collaborations for product development are contributing to the growth of the market.Browse Sample of the Report @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/7993The rising cost of nanobiosensors and unfavorable reimbursement policies may hamper the growth of the market during the assessment period.Nanobiosensors in Healthcare Market SegmentationThe global nanobiosensors in the healthcare market has been segmented on the basis of type, application, end user, and region.On the basis of type, the market has been classified as optical nanobiosensors, electrochemical nanobiosensors, acoustic nanobiosensors, and others.Western Europe has further been classified as Germany, France, the UK, Italy, Spain, and the rest of Western Europe.The nanobiosensors in healthcare market in Asia-Pacific has been segmented into Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia, and the rest of Asia-Pacific.The market growth in this region can be attributed to the government focus to control chronic disease, well-established healthcare infrastructure, and the rising population suffering from cardiovascular disorders.
Market Overview Global Lawn and Garden Equipment Market in terms of volume is estimated to reach USD 47 Million units by 2026, registering a 13.04% CAGR during the forecast period.The report covers segmentation and market dynamics for a better glimpse of the market in the coming years.Request a Free Sample @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/10230 Regional Analysis Based on region, the report on the global lawn and garden equipment market has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the rest of the world.High competition, rapid advances in technology, frequent changes in government policies, and stringent environmental regulations are some of the critical factors that could restrain the market growth.Vendors must provide cost-effective and efficient products to survive and succeed in a competitive market environment.Thus, the vendors should focus on expanding their presence and improving their services.
Segmentation:The global review of the operational analytics market by MRFR analysts includes segments like type, application, deployment type, verticals, and business utility.These data would help in forming an idea about the market and then decide steps for the future market.By type, the operational analytics market includes a proper study of service and software.By business utility, the review of the operational analytics market includes a detailed study of sales, finance, human resource, marketing, and others.By application, it includes a comprehensive study of risk management, fraud detection, predictive asset maintenance, workforce management, supply chain management, sales & marketing management, customer management, and others.By deployment type, the report on the operational analytics market finds details of on-premise and on-cloud.By verticals, the operational analytics market study comprises healthcare, manufacturing, energy & utilities, financial services, retail, government, transportation & logistics and others.Get Free Sample Copy Report @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/1887Industry News:In August 2020, MemSQL announced that they are planning to make their collaboration with Amazon Web Services (AWS) stronger by joining the AWS ISV Workload Migration Program (WMP).MemSQL’s architecture is designed in such a way that its cloud-based database for operational analytics and the cloud-native app can benefit from the power of AWS services like Apache Kafka and Amazon SageMaker.This technology upgrade reflects that MemSQL can be optimized to back projects using artificial intelligence, streaming data, and machine learning (ML).In August 2020, Perforce’s Akana, a multi-cloud, full lifecycle API management solution that has been developed for monitoring, designing, securing, managing, implementing, and publishing APIs, released the new version of API management platform Akana 2020.1.0.This new release suggests that Akana has already improved its strong business and operational analytics capabilities by allowing increased visibility for API Product Managers that will help understand API usage metrics across the enterprise.
According to a new study published by Polaris Market Research the aluminum curtain wall market is anticipated to reach over USD 55.3 billion by 2026.In 2017, the unitized curtain wall segment dominated the global market, in terms of revenue.Asia-Pacific is expected to be the leading contributor to the global market revenue during the forecast period.Several stringent energy consumption regulations passed by governments worldwide have boosted the adoption of aluminum curtain walls across the globe.Growing concerns regarding environment, increasing trend towards energy efficient buildings, and moisture management required in commercial buildings further support the growth of this market.Other factors supporting market growth include supportive government regulations, increasing awareness, and technological advancements.Increasing investments by vendors in technological advancements coupled with research and development further boost the market growth.Get Sample copy of this report: https://www.polarismarketresearch.com/industry-analysis/aluminum-curtain-wall-market/request-for-sampleAsia-Pacific generated the highest revenue in the market in 2017, and is expected to lead the global market throughout the forecast period.
Reports that review the information and communication technology industry has been presented by Market Research Future, which produces reports on industry verticals that appraise the market expansion and prospects.The market estimates show that the global PKI market stands to make USD 1,987.1 Mn in revenues while progressing with a CAGR of 21.12% in the forecast period.The need to ensure development in operational efficiency is a core feature that is promoting the adoption of public key infrastructure around the world.Furthermore, the introduction of 5G and the speedy adoption of the concept of IoT are anticipated to define the growth of the public key infrastructure market in the forecast years.Deployment of PKI eliminates the precarious traditional means of authentication processes that are supported by mails or fax signatures.Much of the PKI’s success can be credited to the rapid growth of the IoT ecosystem.On the basis of solutions, the public key infrastructure market comprises of PIN authentication, enrolment deployment, inventory of digital identities, secure roaming, self-registration, and others.The end-users segment of the public key infrastructure market comprises of aerospace & defense, human resources, healthcare & life sciences, government, BFSI, education & research, manufacturing, retail, and others.
Market HighlightsThe global mobility-as-a-service market is expected to accrue higher level of growth over the forecast period.Rapid development of the public infrastructure and various regulatory policies are foundational elements guiding the developments of the cities, making them less vehicle-centric.Hence, MaaS provides solutions for moving traffic and goods in more convenient, faster and cost-effective transportation.These features of the market are known to proliferate the growth of the mobility-as-a-service market over the assessment period.Also Read: https://teletype.in/@ehtesham/Uvy6ldon6Mobility as a service or MaaS is the incorporation of different modes of transport services into a single platform provided in a mobile application that can be accessed on demand.The MaaS operator offers a range of options, such as public transport, ride-, car-or bike-sharing, taxi or car rental/lease, or any combination of these.The operator works with local fleet operators, transport manufacturers, and government bodies like the department of transportation to ensure the effective functioning of MaaS.
Market HighlightsAs per the analysis of Market Research Future (MRFR), the global integration platform as a service market is anticipated to grow in the forthcoming years.The global market is expected to garner a stunning CAGR of 22% during the forecast period of 2017 to 2023.Growing demand for integration platform as a service across various industry verticals is set to drive the growth of the integration platform as a service market.Increasing traction of cloud computing applications is one major factor responsible for fueling the growth of the global integration platform as a service market.Also, the extensive need for efficient processes for developing and managing enterprise applications and increasing deployment of the cloud-based application is another factor boosting the market growth.Top Drivers and Key BarriersWith the growing use of cloud-based solutions, cloud integration is slowly becoming a significant challenge for enterprises.Rising popularity of cloud computing applications also induces the growth of the global integration platform as a service market.Apart from this, the extensive requirement for enhanced processes to develop and manage enterprise applications combined with the growing deployment of the cloud-based application can lead the market to greater heights in the near future.Segmentation:The global integration platform as a service (IPaaS) market has been analyzed on the basis of segments like service type, deployment, organization size, and vertical.The service types mentioned in the report are data transformation, cloud service orchestration, data integration, API management, business to business (B2B) & cloud integration, real-time monitoring & integration, training & consulting, support & maintenance, and application integration.Deployment-based segments in the market are private cloud, public cloud, and hybrid cloud.Considering the organization size, the market segments are small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and large enterprises.Vertical-wise, the market has been considered for healthcare, BFSI, education, manufacturing, government, IT & telecommunication, media & entertainment, and others.Regional InsightThe global IPaaS market has been extensively studied based on regions like Asia Pacific (APAC), Europe, North America, and the Rest of the World (RoW).The report states that North America has the highest chance of attaining the top position in the global market.
Market HighlightsAccording to the analysis by Market Research Future Reports (MRFR), the global market for event management software is likely to value USD 14.56 Billion with a CAGR of 11.68% during the review period from 2019 to 2025.As per the study by MRFR, more than 2 billion people use smartphones for their personal and professional use.Moreover, easy affordability of smartphones, high accessibility, and excess social media is users routine life is playing a pivotal role is actuating the market.Also Read: https://teletype.in/@ehtesham/JgCvkdoWWHowever, lack of awareness in developing countries is likely to hinder the market size.On the other hand, the outbreak of COVID-19 is projected to bring a slight impact on the global market size.We will provide an impact analysis report on COVID-19.Segmentation:On the basis of deployment, the global market for event management can be classified into the cloud and on-premise.Also Read: https://www.techsite.io/p/1891821On the basis of application, the global market for event management can be classified into education, government, association, corporate, and others.On the basis of software type, the global market for event management can be classified into venue sourcing, event, analytics software, registration, on-site technology, event marketing, and others.On the basis of region, the global market for event management can be classified into Europe, North America, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East and Africa.Regional Analysis Also Read: http://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/global-disposable-gloves-market-2021-size-industry-trends-revenue-growth-drivers-in-depth-analysis-specifications-and-forecast-2021-to-2023-covid-19-analysis-2021-01-12The data analysts at MRFR have thoroughly studied North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Middle East & Africa.The region consists of established players who provide an upper hand to the region.