p One in four adults has been diagnosed with a mental illness – but a fifth of people still think "one of the main causes of mental illness is a lack of self-discipline and willpower".A survey conducted by the National Centre of Social Research asked 5,000 adults about their experience of mental health and found that 26 per cent had been diagnosed with a mental illness.A further 18 per cent of adults reported having experienced a mental illness but not having been diagnosed.Women were more likely to have been diagnosed with a common mental health disorder – 31 per cent of women compared to 17 per cent of men.The most common diagnosis was depression, with 19 per cent of people surveyed saying they had been diagnosed with the condition.Other common diagnoses were anxiety, phobias and OCD, with bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and eating disorders categorised as "serious conditions".
Image: Flickr Creative CommonsSchizophrenia is a mysterious, misunderstood mental illness without a full cure.However, researchers from the United Kingdom and China may have found a clue that could help to understand it better.According to Science Daily, a new study that looked at MRI scans shows that while schizophrenic participants showed a reduction in brain tissue volume, subtle increases in brain matter were seen in certain areas of the brain.Our results highlight that despite the severity of tissue damage, the brain of a patient with schizophrenia is constantly attempting to reorganize itself, possibly to rescue itself or limit the damage, said Dr. Lena Palaniyappan, an author on the study.But the research shows that, while subtle, the process could be reversible.The brain may be capable of fighting off some of the effects of schizophrenia on its own and could lead to more answers in the fight against the disease, maybe including treatments that utilize the brain, researchers stated.
And a complex mix of our celebrated 24-hour work culture and attachment to devices makes it even harder to recognize workaholism or the psychiatric disorders it may be linked to.Those who answered at least four questions with a score of four or five were classified as workaholics.However, the fact that all the participants were from Norway makes it difficult to consider what it might mean for American workaholics, Clark pointed out.Judging from these policy differences, said Clark, Norwegians have a very different concept of work-life balance compared to American workers, which could prevent us from generalizing the results among a U.S. population.And while there isn t enough evidence to support the notion that certain therapies may work to curb workaholism, Schou Andreassen writes that perhaps validated interventions used for other addictions, like psychotherapy, medication, stress and time management and mindfulness meditation, may help change workaholic behavior.However, if the workaholic is looking to change their behaviors, they could communicate to their boss the specific times they will be available to respond to work issues e.g., they could say they will no longer be responding to emails after 10pm or on the weekends .
It has been said that there are still two great unexplored regions left on earth- the deep oceans and the human brain.But whilst much about how the brain functions remains unclear, there is no doubt that we are making great strides now in unlocking its secrets.Two specialties focus on the brain - neurology and my own specialty, psychiatry.But during those critical years, psychiatry lagged behind.Thanks to new technologies such as neuroimaging we understand far more about the complex structural and functional abnormalities underlying psychiatric illnesses and healthy cognitive and emotional processes.Neuroscience is already transforming the treatment of addiction, as we can now identify parts of the brain involved in getting pleasure from a drug and observe that in addiction dysregulation in this system means that the part of the brain involved in drive, motivation and habit comes to dominate.
While back in the early 2000s many doubted its legitimacy, these days most would agree that internet addiction is no laughing matter.As more people are sharing their frustrations with their inability to abstain from the Web, author David McCandless has decided to create Inter Mental to document all the conditions you might ve developed while using the internet… since the best place to learn about the dangers of the internet is, naturally, online.There you can find an extensive list of quirky mental disorders like Info-dependency that refers to the itching compulsion to constantly browse for new information or Online Identity Disorder that describes people who have re-situated their self-identity into an online persona.In addition to listing a wide array of internet-induced conditions, the website also lets you quickly and easily skim through each disorder for more information about its most common signs and symptoms.To make navigating through the website more effortless, Inter Mental breaks down the disorders in different categories based on similarities in the symptoms manifested.Simply click on the category of your choice to use this feature.
The stereotype concerning someone with anger issues is that they just have bad impulse control.You joke that they haven t slept in a week, they start screaming.But it may be that people blow up not because they can t hold in their feelings, but because of poor social processing that makes them think your sleep comment was actually you telling them they re completely incompetent.In a new study published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, University of Chicago neuroscientists used fMRI to to measure the white matter in the brains of people with intermittent explosive disorder.They found that, for people with the anger disorder, white matter in an area called the superior longitudinal fasciculus was less dense than in people that had other psychiatric disorders or were otherwise healthy.The SLF area is the information superhighway that connects the frontal lobe with the parietal lobe.
Ever since the release of the highly publicized Oculus Rift headset, the world is abuzz with a new frenzy for virtual reality gaming, as more and more people wish to take advantage of the new technology to create an immersive and exciting experience.However, the utilities of virtual reality go far beyond gaming, as this technology has proved its usefulness again and again in several fields including healthcare, entertainment, real estate and so forth.Here are the many ways virtual reality is being used in today s world beyond gaming and game design.Virtual Reality therapy is widely used to treat victims of brain damage and other neuro-psychological disorders to help them recover from trauma and learn how to interact and be rehabilitated for a normal life.The uses of VR spread far beyond gaming in the realm of entertainment, where it is used to provide home users with high-end virtual reality theatrical experiences that allow them to relive the experience of watching a movie in a 3D theater from the comfort of their couch.Several companies have also been using VR to create virtual stadiums that allow you to immerse yourself in a three-dimensional sports experience right from your house, giving the effect of being able to watch a game right from the stadium itself.
MRI scans might help to pin-point the first signs of mental health problems in teenagers, according to a new study.Researchers from University College London and the University of Cambridge believe they might be able to spot early signs by studying small changes to the brain as it develops.Published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the study involved the use of MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging to track how an adolescent brain develops and its subsequent mapping of the MRI results to the Allen Brain Atlas database of gene expression.The researchers found that the regions with the greatest changes as measured by MRI were those linked to the risk of schizophrenia.The crux of the discovery is based on the previous working knowledge that myelin - a sheath that protects nerve fibres and facilitates communication - can be found in 'grey matter', rather than just 'white matter', and that levels increase hugely during teenage years.At the same time, the outer regions of the cortex shrink over time.
Being creative makes us happy – that s true – but not just because we just enjoy dreaming up new ideas and having flights of fancy.Mihaly Csikszentmihaly pronounced six-cent-mihaly is the Hungarian psychologist who first coined the term flow in 1975.When you re in a state of flow, you lose track of time, you forget all about checking Facebook, your mug of coffee goes stone cold.Whilst flow is often linked to creativity, it isn t something that s only experienced when you engage in creative activities.Some folk reach it by penning poetry, but others get it when they re fixing a car, gaming, experimenting in a lab, playing tennis or writing code.Indeed, one psychological experiment where Csikszentmihaly denied people access to their favourite flow-inducing activities had to be aborted early when his subjects displayed symptoms of psychiatric disorder – after 48 hours.
Depression is one of the most common mental disorders among American adults, according to the National Institute of Health.And, although it might seem like environmental events cause depressive episodes, growing evidence suggests the condition has much more fundamental origins.Gene-testing company 23andMe recently ran a large-scale study in association with pharmaceutical drug giant Pfizer, which revealed the most significant evidence yet linking depression with genetics.Analyzing the genes of over 450,000 23andMe customers, researchers identified 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs and 15 regions of the human genome associated with an increased risk of suffering from depression.A paper detailing the study was published yesterday in the journal Nature Genetics.If we can put the pieces together in cells, we hope we can start to look for better treatments for depression.
During the 2012 presidential election, Newt Gingrich was like a retrospectively muted version of this year s Donald Trump.Which is to say, he was a provocative, populist target for liberal criticism.On the evening of January 27 of that year, talk show host Bill Maher offered his audience proof that Gingrich was clinically narcissistic by comparing definitions of the condition taken from a medical journal to a quote from the presidential hopeful.It s kind of an armchair sport to diagnose public figures, especially politicians, says Stephen Hinshaw, professor of psychology at UC Berkeley.Humans are naturally inclined to try explaining things that don t make sense, and Donald Trump s behavior falls far beyond what anyone expects of a politician.However, human behavior is extraordinarily complex, and therapists sometimes meet with patients for years before they think they have an understanding of the dynamics driving that patient s behavior, says Paul Appelbaum, professor of psychiatry at Columbia University.
It essentially froze him in time, with a strange memory deficit that ends up illuminating more about how memory works than any other single case in history.Dittrich has now written a remarkable book titled Patient HM.His grandfather, William Beecher Scoville, was a brilliant and brash neurosurgeon, as concerned about scientific experimentation as Henry s well-being when he drilled into Henry s skull.WIRED: I studied neuroscience in college, and the story of HM was almost impossible to forget.I think it s very poorly understood how much the operation that my grandfather performed on HM—even though it wasn t strictly a psychosurgery procedure because HM didn t suffer from any sort of psychiatric disorder—that still grew out of that whole era.Your grandfather was a big champion of lobotomies, and he performed dozens of these psychosurgeries on asylum patients in attempt to cure them of their psychiatric disorders.
Robert De Niro says Donald Trump is like the main character of the legendary 1976 movie "Taxi Driver," the mentally disturbed Travis Bickle."What he has been saying is totally crazy, ridiculous, stuff that shouldn't be even ... he is totally nuts," De Niro said during a question and answer session at the Sarajevo Film Festival in Bosnia-Herzegovina.When the moderator asked De Niro to elaborate on Bickle's mental illness, the first thing that seemed to have crossed the actor's mind was the Republican candidate."One of the things to me was just the irony at the end, he Bickle is back driving a cab, celebrated, which is kind of relevant in some way today, too," De Niro said."People like Donald Trump who shouldn't be where he is so ... God help us," De Niro said.Sarajevans responded with a frantic applause.De Niro says the media had given too much attention, but are now starting to say "come on Donald, this is ridiculous, this is nuts, this is insane."De Niro opened the 22nd Sarajevo Film Festival on Friday, presented Martin Scorsese's restored "Taxi Driver" and received the festival's first lifetime achievement award.Tommy Chong comes to rescue of sanctuary
Since the 1970s, thousands of people across the globe have reported hearing a strange humming sound incessantly pulsating in their ears – and we re not talking about tinnitus.In fact, some claim the weird sound has persisted for so long that it has started driving them nuts, disturbing their concentration during the day and haunting them in their sleep.The strange hum has turned into such a compelling mystery that there s an entire website dedicated to studying and documenting the phenomenon.There you ll find an expansive map where recreational researchers have crowdsourced hundreds of locations where they ve experienced the hum.Yet nobody has managed to decisively identify the source of the hum: Is it an external noise coming from our increasingly technologized environment or an internal phenomenon – perhaps the symptom of a new mental disorder?In a new short documentary for BBC, journalist Linda Geddes goes on a thrilling quest to pinpoint the source of the strange hum.
Instagram images may hold a mirror to the state of your mindFrom endless duck face selfies to perfectly filtered and framed snaps of your breakfast smoothie, Instagram posts can reveal a lot about your personality, interests, emotions and experiences.Now, researchers at Harvard and the University of Vermont have suggested that the Instagram filters people use could reveal a lot about a person's mental health.Gathering data from 166 Instagram users and analysing more than 43,000 photos, the researchers created a model using machine learning tools that can detect signs of depression.Using "colour analysis, metadata components and algorithmic face detection", the model was able to accurately predict which Instagram users showed signs of depression about 70% of the time, even before they were first diagnosed."Photographs posted to Instagram offer a vast array of features that might be analysed for psychological insight," the study, which has not yet been peer-reviewed, reads.
A cancer physician and stem-cell biologist at Columbia University, Siddhartha Mukherjee investigates the links between stem cells and cancerous blood diseases.In 2011, his book, Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer, won a Pulitzer Prize for general non-fiction.WIRED talks to Mukherjee about his new book, the new era of "neogenics", and what it signals for the future.WIRED: What prompted you to write this book?Siddhartha Mukherjee: There were three threads that came together.The first was the history of mental illness in my family - particularly schizophrenia and bipolar disease.
A perfectly healthy woman feels compelled to undergo over a dozen operations.A man in a straightjacket somehow manages to commit suicide while inside a locked psychiatric ward.Rubinstein is a former practicing psychiatrist turned novelist who has drawn on his years of clinical experience to follow in the nonfiction footsteps of Oliver Sacks, shedding light on the complexities of the human mind with real stories about real people.And people don t really understand the mental health dilemma, and the issues that mental health practitioners face.I know physicians and attorneys who don t have full-blown manic episodes but they are filled with boundless energy.Rubinstein: In one case, a police officer was shot while sitting in his patrol car outside a store near Tompkins Square Park in New York City.
A perfectly healthy woman feels compelled to undergo over a dozen operations.A man in a straightjacket somehow manages to commit suicide while inside a locked psychiatric ward.Rubinstein is a former practising psychiatrist turned novelist who has drawn on his years of clinical experience to follow in the nonfiction footsteps of Oliver Sacks, shedding light on the complexities of the human mind with real stories about real people.And people don t really understand the mental health dilemma, and the issues that mental health practitioners face.I know physicians and attorneys who don t have full-blown manic episodes but they are filled with boundless energy.Rubinstein: In one case, a police officer was shot while sitting in his patrol car outside a store near Tompkins Square Park in New York City.
With advances in technology making social media, blogging and vlogging more accessible than ever, the masses have taken to the platforms to share their experiences and opinions.Mental illness is no longer the secret illness, everyone is talking about it and now the pressure is on to find better support and treatment.Our own Prince Harry has recently come forward to talk about mental health problems, based on his own experiences following the well-publicised death of his mother, Princess Diana, when he was 12 years old.He recently hosted an event for Heads Together, a mental health charity, where he advocated talking openly about the things which bother us.With this new found awareness comes a stronger push for new treatments to help those who will have a mental health problem at some point in their life.According to the mental health charity Mind, one in four people in the UK will experience a mental health problem each year.
Steve Leifman knew Miami-Dade s courts had a problem.Ten years ago the longtime jurist realized that his county was putting too many people with mental health problems in jail.So he asked the Florida Mental Health Institute to look at intake data for the county s jails, mental health facilities, and hospitals and figure out who was using the system.Google s Clever Plan to Stop Aspiring ISIS RecruitsLet s Stop Nepal s Mental Health Crisis Before It HappensThe White House Is on a Mission to Shrink US Prisons With Data