The Paris Agreement was implemented as a collaborative global response to climate change, with a goal of reducing emissions.It aims to keep the global temperature rise to just 1.5 C, which would significantly reduce the risks and the impacts associated with climate change.President Donald Trump later decided to pull the U.S. out of the agreement, describing the move as "a reassertion of America’s sovereignty".Temperatures are breaking records around the worldThe 21st century has seen the most temperature records broken in recorded history.Last year was the hottest year on record since 1880, according to NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with average temperatures measuring 1.78 degrees Fahrenheit (0.99 degrees Celsius) warmer than the mid-20th century mean.
The new documents, Muffett said, show that oil companies clearly preferred to invest in research to explain away the climate risks, instead of on technologies to reduce emissions.Burn off oil fume flames are seen on an offshore oil platform.There is no doubt that increases in fossil fuel usage and decreases of forest cover are aggravating the potential problem of increased CO2 in the atmosphere.The research included burning oil to clear areas of fog and smog, and constructing massive artificial heat mountains out of asphalt to increase rainfall.Bigger drilling rigs, Muffett said, are an example of the profound distinction of how these companies were protecting their own interests and not the public s.This week, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced that April 2016 was the 12th consecutive month to set a global temperature record.For now, the group s new searchable database allows users to identify connections between companies, research institutes and individuals.
Data from wearable devices, telematics in cars, smart buildings, smartphones, and even social media posts allows us to have a much more accurate picture of the weather and thus improve our ability to forecast it.We are marrying atmospheric science and computer science in entirely new ways.IBM Watson has moved beyond machine learning, and we ll be using it to better understand and eventually model the atmosphere.For example, to improve our forecasts for two weeks and beyond, cognitive computing could assimilate all of the background knowledge and then look at reams of historical and current data to help us pick out predictive patterns we haven t recognized with traditional approaches.And, with the technologies described above, individuals, businesses and communities will be better able to understand, plan for and to the extent possible, mitigate possible disruptions to operations.She is a former U.S. Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA.
Image Source: www.skai.grAs we approach the end of May, it s finally beginning to heat up — even in the colder regions of the United States.It s a welcome change after winter decided to stick around for a few extra weeks, but come mid-July, there s a good chance we ll all be wishing for snow.This summer is going to be a rough one.READ MORE: The true story behind one of the Internet s most famous memesOn Monday, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA published its summer outlook, warning Americans that most of the continental United States is facing elevated chances of well above average summer temperatures.In other words, temperatures are likely to be in the warmest top third of summers from 1981-2010 in the states highlighted on this map:The West Coast and the Northeast are most likely to experience sweltering summers, but virtually every state in the country save for Kansas and Nebraska is expected to get hit hard by the sun in the coming months.In case you thought the record temperatures might finally be tapering off after a relatively mild winter, summer s almost here to set you straight.
NOAA An unusual sponge was making waves in waters near the Hawaiian Islands — though it doesn't wear square pants and is far too big to live in a pineapple under the sea.The massive sponge — a marine animal with no skeleton and a soft, porous body — is the largest on record, researchers reported in a study.Identified as measuring approximately 12 feet 3.5 meters in length and 7 feet 2.1 m in height, the minivan-size creature was discovered at a depth of 7,000 feet 2,134 m during dives by a remotely operated vehicle ROV system, which was deployed from the ship Okeanos Explorer by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA .NOAA scientists published a description of their giant discovery on May 24 in the journal Marine Biodiversity, saying that the sponge's dimensions exceeded those of the largest specimens reported in earlier studies.But very large sponges living in shallow waters have been estimated to live for more than 2,300 years, which hints that this giant — "and presumably old" — specimen could be equally long-lived, according to the study authors.Its discovery emphasizes the necessity of exploring deep-water environments, and how much still remains to be learned from them, the scientists said in the study.
In this April 2015 photo released by NOAA Fisheries, a Saildrone, a 20-foot sailing vessel research platform developed by California-based Saildrone Inc., is tested in the Bering Sea.Mark Frydrych/NOAA Fisheries via AP MoreANCHORAGE, Alaska AP -- Researchers in the Bering Sea off Alaska's west coast will get help this summer from drones, but not the kind that fly."Think of a 20-foot outrigger canoe with an airplane wing sticking up from the middle," said Chris Sabine, director of NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Lab, at a press teleconference Friday.The population may have numbered as many as 20,000, but whalers found them to be highly desirable prey — big, slow, and still buoyant after they're killed.The longest mission has been eight months and 10,000 miles.The vessels will be picked up in September after sailing back to Dutch Harbor.
Exhibit A: the federal government has had to issue warnings against taking selfies with baby seals, because it s causing seal pups to be abandoned and die.The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA has been forced to issue a specific warning against taking selfies with seal pups, an activity painfully known as a sealfie.DON T MISS: Hackers are using remote-control software Teamviewer to hijack PCs and drain PayPal accountsFirstly, you might get bit.Seals look cute and cuddly, but they have a real bite that they ll use if they feel threatened.The NOAA cites numerous injuries to humans as a result of getting too close to an animal during a quick photo op.Unfotunately, the NOAA s words of wisdom don t seem to be getting through.
Global light pollution now means almost one third of the population are unable to see the Milky Way, a new study has claimed.New data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration claims 77 per cent of Brits are blocked from viewing the the natural wonder, while 80 per cent of Americans views have been obscured by perpetual artificial light."In our urban centers, you ve got multiple generations of people that could not go out and see the Milky Way, and it s a shame that they can t, wrote co-author Chris Elvidge of the NOAA s National Center for Environmental Information.Lead author Fabio Falchi wrote: If you live near Death Valley National Park, you only have a few sources of light pollution luckily, but you are close enough to Las Vegas to have the brightness of your sky increased.The authors say excess light pollution could be tablets by switching to LED lights with warmer colour spectrums or by limiting the ability of artificial illumination to escape into the atmosphere.comments powered by Disqus
For the third year in a row, many reefs around the world will be exposed to hotter-than-normal temperatures, placing them at risk again for catastrophic die-offs.The first order of business this morning was a grim one: to deliver the news that the current global coral bleaching event, which has caused more than 90 percent of the northern Great Barrier Reef to starve, is not going to end anytime soon—it ll continue through the end of this year, if not longer.This process, called bleaching, causes the coral to turn a ghostly white.Coral bleaching has probably been around for as long as modern corals have, but global bleaching events are a decidedly recent phenomenon.It s too early to say what the total mortality will be, but all signs are pointing to a coral die-off of unprecedented proportions.Most marine biologists agree that two degrees of global warming—the target recently put forth in the Paris Climate Agreement—isn t going to cut it.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration published an updated look at coral reef bleaching around the world, saying that high water temperatures have persisted into an unprecedented third year and will cause an increased number of bleaching events..and that, unfortunately, there s no signs of this slowing down or stopping.Office Copiers & PrintersGet Free Quotes & Compare Copiers.Find the Best Deal & Save Today.buyerzone.com/CopiersThis newest update sheds light on the dire situation — NOAA says there s now a 90-percent change we ll see widespread bleaching among coral reefs near the Federated States of Micronesia and Palau, both of which are Pacific islands.Australia is one notable location, and NOAA says there are several places around the U.S. that will be hit…hard.In addition, NOAA says there s a decent possibility that the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, a deeper reefs region about 100 miles from Texas, will also be hit with the bleaching event.
For the third year in a row, many reefs around the world will be exposed to hotter-than-normal temperatures, placing them at risk again for catastrophic die-offs.The first order of business was a grim one: to deliver the news that the current global coral bleaching event, which has caused more than 90 per cent of the northern Great Barrier Reef to starve, is not going to end anytime soon.This process, called bleaching, causes the coral to turn a ghostly white.Coral bleaching has probably been around for as long as modern corals have, but global bleaching events are a decidedly recent phenomenon.It s too early to say what the total mortality will be, but all signs are pointing to a coral die-off of unprecedented proportions.Most marine biologists agree that two degrees of global warming — the target recently put forth in the Paris Climate Agreement — isn t going to cut it.
Scientists in Antarctica have finally measured carbon dioxide levels rising above 400 parts per million.The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration made the announcement that the Southern hemisphere station is the last to reach the symbolic threshold, reached elsewhere in the world in 2013.Paul Souders via Getty ImagesThree years ago, the world collectively passed the 440ppm mark as measured by the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii but the remote continent remained below the record.This discrepancy is due to the fact carbon pollution is higher in the northern hemisphere where the majority of the human population lives.Pieter Tans, the lead scientist of NOAA s Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network said: The far southern hemisphere was the last place on earth where CO2 had not yet reached this mark.Instead Megalodon sharks up to 70 feet long filled the oceans and Purussaurus caimans up to 40 feet long walked the earth.
Forecast models are measured by their anomaly correlation scores, and the GFS model black line now ranks fourth among global models.For several years, the United States and its global forecasting system GFS have been struggling to catch up.But as the United States' forecasting enterprise has more or less stayed the same, other nations are now equaling and passing the GFS model.For the northern hemisphere during the last two months, as measured at the 500mb level of the atmosphere about 5.5km above the Earth's surface , the European model scores by far the highest, at .905.On Tuesday, Cliff Mass, a University of Washington atmospheric scientist who closely tracks the forecast model "wars," wrote about the GFS model's poor performance relative to other nations.In his post, Mass calls attention to several steps the National Weather Service and its parent agency, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, could take to make the GFS model more competitive, including improving the physics of its model and better utilizing the two powerful new supercomputers that Congress recently provided.
The FCC argues, with some justification, that it needs to expand the reporting on these critical cables to be more in line with major wired, wireless, and satellite networks in the rest of the country.DissentAs usual, the two Republican commissioners voted against the proposal and issued statements explaining why.The assumptions behind that figure are shaky at best, prompting Pai to argue: "The bottom line is this: The FCC simply does not care about cost-benefit analysis, let alone getting it right.Pai notes that respondents "identified the need for coordination among the many agencies that play a role in this space – including the Army Corps of Engineers, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, the Coast Guard, the Department of Defense, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration."DredgingAccording to those with knowledge of the real-world issue, the US government is itself responsible for many of the problems because one agency will carry out some work, such as dredging, without communicating with other agencies, and so end up unaware of the fact that a cable lies in their path.His vote against the proposal however – particularly when he was initially in favor of it – is just one more example of the regulator's dysfunction.
To view this page ensure that Adobe Flash Player version 10.2.0 or greater is installed.Deep beneath the ocean s surface, scientists have spotted for the first time a living ghost fish, an eel-like creature in the family of Aphyonidae.The roughly four-inch long fish has eerie white skin and a tadpole-like tail, and was captured on camera on a ridge about 8200 feet underwater in the Pacific.I am sure that this is the first time a fish in this family has ever been seen alive, Bruce Mundy, a fisheries biologist with NOAA, said in the video.This is really an unusual sighting.Mundy added that the find helps scientists answer a question: do these creatures, which have only been found dead before, dwell in the water column, or down near the bottom of the ocean?
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA has released a video showing a living, pale, ghostly fish; this is the first time the creature has been found alive, marking a new milestone discovery for the agency.The fish was found by the NOAA Okeanos Explorer team during the agency s 2016 Deepwater Exploration of the Mariana.NOAA recently shared a clear high-resolution video of the fish.The NOAA team found the fish while exploring a ridge located 2500 meters below the ocean s surface.Though it is indeed a fish, it doesn t look quite like the ones you ll pull out of the local lake — it is distinctly eel-like, measuring about 10 centimeters long and falling within the same Ophidiiformes order as cusk eels.captions settings, opens captions settings dialog
A NASA camera on board the Deep Space Climate Observatory DSCOVR satellite captured a rare lunar transit across the face of a sunlit Earth.The images, which feature a fully lit far side of the moon, were captured between July 4th at 11:50 pm ET and July 5th at 3:18 am ET.Lunar transit across the Earth / Animation courtesy of NOAAThis was actually the second time a lunar photobomb was photographed by DSCOVR, the first occurring about a year ago on July 16th, 2015.Lunar transit across the Earth captured by EPIC on the DSCOVR satellite in July, 2015 / Animation courtesy of NOAALocated one million miles away, DSCOVR acts like a solar storm buoy out in space.
For only the second time in a year, Nasa has captured an incredible view of the moon as it moved across the sunlit side of Earth.The images were captured by Nasa's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera Epic – a 4MP camera and telescope on the Deep Space Climate Observatory DSCOVR satellite orbiting 1 million miles from our planet.From its position between the sun and Earth, DSCOVR's main mission is tracking real-time solar wind for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA .The images were taken between July 4 at 11:50 pm EDT and July 5 at 3:18 am EDT 0350 UTC and 0718 UTC on July 5 and show the moon moving over the Indian and Pacific oceans.The North Pole is at the top of the images.The shots were combined, around 30 seconds apart, to create a incredible timelapse view of the moon's orbit.
If you were a blue whale, the water in most of the world s oceans would be so murky that you wouldn t be able to see your own flukes.Which is why most marine species use sound to navigate, feed, find mates, and communica—BLUURRRRGGGGHHHH AAAARRROOOOOO WAA WAA WAA—oh, sorry, pardon the interruption.See, they just won a major noise pollution battle against the US Navy.Mesmerizing Map Tracks Whales Swimming Around HawaiiDozens of Dead Whales Are Washing Ashore in AlaskaThe Epic Fight to Protect Whales From the U.S. Navy
FILE - In this June 8, 2016, file photo, children cool off under water fountains on a sunny day, in Pamplona northern Spain.WASHINGTON — Federal scientists say Earth's record 2016 heat is now dancing near levels that a world agreement is trying to avoid.The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration says globally, June was the 14th straight record hot month, with Earth averaging 61.52 degrees.That is 1.62 degrees warmer than average.NASA chief climate scientist Gavin Schmidt says 2016 to date is by far the warmest year on record, close to 2.7 degrees warmer 1.5 degrees Celsius than pre-industrial times.A 2015 international pact set a goal of avoiding 1.5 degrees Celsius warming.