The GO wheelchair not to be confused with the HU-GO, another 3D-printed wheelchair project is the brainchild of Benjamin Hubert, director of London design agency Layer.For instance, someone with a spinal injury midway up the back might require more support and a taller seat-back, while someone who has lost a leg might want things to be adjusted to take her off-center balance into account.Only the seat printed on a large-format device — it won t come out of a desktop printer and footrest sintered aluminum for durability are custom-designed; the rest is constructed of off-the-shelf parts, to keep the costs down and repairs simple.The company has been in dialogue with wheelchair users and designed things with their feedback; the GO isn t quite ready for wheelchair basketball those chairs are tanks in their own right, said Hubert , but players were consulted anyway.Right now the GO is still in prototype form, and will be on display at Clerkenwell s Design Week later this month.Hubert said that the design is mostly finalized, but now faces scrutiny from the National Health Services and the European counterparts to the FDA.
Some scientists say this unnatural position can lead to pain, headaches and other symptoms, sometimes collectively called text neck.If you already have pain, there may be a benefit if you use something like this in conjunction with an exercise program that strengthens neck muscles and muscles stabilizing the head, says Alan S. Hilibrand, professor of spinal surgery at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia and a spokesman for the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.The extra force results in more load on discs, which can eventually degenerate and lead to chronic neck pain, says study co-author Kenneth K. Hansraj, a cervical surgeon in Poughkeepsie, N.Y.Technological reminders, such as the Alex and the Text Neck Indicator, can help raise awareness about good posture, adds Dr. Hansraj, who has no link to Dr. Fishman or Namu.In testing the Alex, I liked that I could adjust the neck tilt the device considered bad, which allowed me to set reasonable goals.Craning your neck occasionally isn t a bad thing, but it is best for the body to move and change positions often, says Eric K. Robertson, director of graduate physical therapy education for Kaiser Permanente in Northern California and a spokesman for the American Physical Therapy Association.
StemCells, a Bay Area biotech company, is winding down operations after the failure of clinical trials for a stem-cell treatment for spinal cord injury.The results of the clinical trials, which were underway, did not justify continuing the study considering StemCells limited financial resources, the company said in a press release Tuesday.We are extremely disappointed with the results of our Pathway Study, which we had hoped to be the first clinical program involving cellular transplantation to meaningfully improve motor function in patients with chronic spinal cord injury, Ian Massey, president and CEO, said in a statement.The company s shares plunged 80 percent to about 60 cents Tuesday.StemCells said it has about $5.5 million in cash and cash equivalents, and that it is possible that there will be no liquidating distribution to stockholders.The Newark-based company said it would look to sell its intellectual property and other assets.It is still scheduled to present data from its Pathway Study next month.In addition, Dr. Irv Weissman, a director and co-founder, said the company would try to find someone else to find a party able to continue the development of this very promising technology, which is so important not only for current and future patients with these devastating diseases, but also for the field of brain stem and progenitor cell therapies.
Onbashira is a log-moving festival in Japan that s dangerous and sometimes deadly.Vietnam is set to see its first female billionaire, thanks to her bikini airline.The history of clothing tags involves unions, and also the government.And a look at the stars spoofed by the Spinal Tap-like mockumentary Popstar.Photo: Justin Bieber, shown in 2013, is just one of the people spoofed in Popstar.Powers Imagery/Invision/AP Images
Joan Costa - CSICResearchers in Spain have created the world s first child exoskeleton which will enable children suffering from spinal muscular atrophy to walk, in some cases for the first time.Our model includes intelligent joints which alter the brace s rigidity automatically and adapt to the symptoms of each individual child at whenever required, explains Elena Garcia, from the Automatics and Robotics Centre, a CSIC/Politechnic University of Madrid.Type 2 is usually diagnosed between 7-18 months of life and children who show these symptoms are never able to walk thus leading to a serious decline in their health.As a result their life expectancy is seriously affected by the lack of mobility meaning that any respiratory infection can become critical to any child over two.By using this exoskeleton, Garcia and her team hope to avoid the onset of these symptoms which normally would have been unavoidable due to the child being unable to stand upright or walk.Joan Costa - CSICExoskeletons already exist for adults by either helping them walk or through allowing them to perform tasks that require near-superhuman strength.
The exoskeleton the little boy in the image here is wearing was created by engineers from the Spanish National Research Council and rather than being designed for adults, this one is designed to help children.Specifically the 26-pound aluminum and titanium exoskeleton aims to help children with spinal muscular atrophy known as SMA.The simple act of walking could help stave off potentially deadly side effects of the disease.SMA is a rare disorder that results in the loss of motor neurons and progressive wasting away of muscles that can leave those affected unable to walk.The problem for children that have this condition is that they end up lying down most of the time and a host of medical complications can arise.The one perhaps most feared from being prone for extended periods is lung ailments like pneumonia and others that could result in death.
Scientists in Canada have developed a radical treatment that can potentially halt multiple sclerosis in its tracks.Results over a period of up to 13 years were dramatic, with not one patient relapsing and 70% experiencing a complete halt in disease progression.Dr Harold Atkins, from the University of Ottawa in Canada, said: Our trial is the first to show the complete, long-term suppression of all inflammatory activity in people with MS.I was also able to get married, walk down the aisle with my dad and dance with my husband.In this latest trial patients were monitored post treatment for a longer period than previous studies, providing valuable information about the long term safety and effectiveness of HSCT as well as who might benefit.Professor Siddharthan Chandran, from the Medical Research Council MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, said: This is an important and carefully conducted proof of concept study that demonstrates that powerful chemotherapy-based treatment for a selected subset of MS patients with very aggressive disease is effective in preventing further disabling relapses and, in a proportion, appears to render them effectively disease-free.
The new brace, developed by Spanish researchers, will help children with spinal muscular atrophy.The 26-pound device consists of long support rods and are adjusted to fit around a child s legs and torso.A series of motors mimic human muscles in the joints, endowing the patient the required strength to stand upright and walk.A series of sensors, along with a movement controller and a five-hour battery, complete the system.The aluminum and titanium device can also be expanded and modified to accommodate children between the age of 3 and 14.The device was developed by the Spanish National Research Council, and it does more than just help children walk sometimes for the very first time ; by getting them to move, the device will prevent the onset of scoliosis, which results from loss of agility.
It s one of the reasons why scientists are pioneering research into tongue input technology.According to Motherboard, scientists at the Laboratory for Advanced Brain Signal Processing in Tokyo, for example, believe that the tongue s range of movement could have a variety of applications, including helping to direct motorized wheelchairs and assisting in speech recognition.The human tongue is a special organ with dynamic mobility, computer scientist Yunjun Nam wrote, adding:One may test the following tongue movements to realize its variety.The tongue can be bent up/down, moved left/right, stuck out forward/retracted backward, rolled clockwise/ counterclockwise, flattened, or rounded.The tongue is also not normally affected by spinal cord injuries, since it s connected to the brain through the cranial nerve, which makes it critical for those who might be able to use it for movement.In 2011, a team at the Northwestern University School of Medicine helped a paralyzed man navigate his wheelchair thanks with the aid of a tongue piercing.
According to Motherboard, scientists at the Laboratory for Advanced Brain Signal Processing in Tokyo, for example, believe that the tongue s range of movement could have a variety of applications, including helping to direct motorised wheelchairs and assisting in speech recognition.The human tongue is a special organ with dynamic mobility, Nam wrote.The tongue can be bent up/down, moved left/right, stuck out forward/retracted backward, rolled clockwise/ counterclockwise, flattened, or rounded.The tongue is also not normally affected by spinal cord injuries, since it s connected to the brain through the cranial nerve, which makes it critical for those who might be able to use it for movement.The tongue is no stranger to these kinds of experiments.In 2011, a team at the Northwestern University School of Medicine helped a paralysed man navigate his wheelchair thanks with the aid of a tongue piercing.
And it looks like he's not the only person with dreams of performing what have been called head transplants, or more appropriately, full-body transplants.Chinese orthopedic surgeon Dr. Xiaoping Ren of Harbin Medical University recently told the New York Times he was building a team to perform the procedure.This process preserves kidneys for 48 hours, livers for 24 hours, and hearts for about 5-10 hours.But a head would be a far more difficult process.A head isn't just an isolated organ.It houses not just your brain, but also your eyes, ears, nose, mouth, and skin, as well as two separate gland systems: the pituitary, which controls the hormones that circulate throughout the body, and the salivary, which are responsible for producing saliva.The immune system has to be coaxed into accepting a foreign headAs with any transplant, one of the main issues facing patients is that of their own body: If the immune system flags the foreign organ or organs, in this case as foreign, it can unleash a full-scale attack.What happens in this case is that the immune system of the person receiving the new organ detects immune-triggering substances, called antigens, on the cells of the new organ.These procedures were also done in less than an hour.After the procedure, one of Canavero's patients would be placed in a coma for up to a month to allow the spinal cords to fuse.Otherwise, the "spaghetti" as he calls it that makes up the spinal cord could become gnarled or twisted.
AP Photo/Tony Avelar NEW YORK AP — Fitness trackers routinely measure physical activity such as running and cycling and encourage people to stand up and walk around throughout the day.Apple will also start tracking distance, speed and calories burned during wheelchair use, just as it does for walking or running.Apple partnered with two groups that promote physical fitness in disability populations, the Lakeshore Foundation of Birmingham, Alabama, and the Challenged Athletes Foundation of San Diego.Jeff Underwood, Lakeshore's president and CEO, said wheelchair users tend to be more sedentary than the general population because they face more barriers to physical activity.Apple also had to factor in different seat and wheel heights and different surfaces, like carpeting or asphalt.And some formulas change depending on whether the disability is from a spinal-cord injury or muscular dystrophy.
Spanish researchers have developed what will be the world's first exoskeleton for children suffering from spinal muscular atrophy, a hereditary disease that leads to muscle weakness and atrophy. The approximately 11-kilogram exoskeleton is adjustable so that it can be used for children from 3 to 14 years. Exoskeleton is equipped with various motors and sensors that help the child when it should go. The internal battery lasts about five hours. Around four to six children diagnosed every year in Sweden in spinal muscular atrophy. gizmag.com
The mad roboticists at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne have produced another biomimetic mechanoid — this one based on the lithe locomotion of the salamander.The bones and limb angles were carefully tracked — notably, the salamander essentially goes from crawling to walking to swimming simply by doing the same basic motion at higher speeds.It contains only 11 spinal segments, far less than the original s 40 29 were deemed non-critical , and its joints have significantly reduced freedom of movement.All the same, it does a creditable job of imitating the salamander s slither.That happens to be an important moment in vertebrate evolution, as well — these are, after all, distant ancestors of our own.It s not all just for kicks, though.
Dubbed Pleurobot, the engineers behind the work say it is "accurately based on the 3D motion of the animal's skeleton".The team created X-ray videos of a salamander moving and were able to copy its actions by tracking 64 points along the animal's body.The robot itself has 27 motors and 11 segments along its spine.Ijspeert and his research team created the bot so that the spinal cord controls motion, not the brain."Mimicking the salamander's movement gives insight into how the spinal cord works and how it interacts with the body," a statement from the University said.The academic hopes that being able to understand connection between the spinal cord and body's movement will help with the creation of therapies for paraplegic patients and amputees.
Could the discoveries made from building a 3D-printed, waterproof salamander robot one day help people with severe spinal injuries to walk again?No, this isn t some The Men Who Stare At Goats-level insanity; it s the groundbreaking work of robotics researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland.They ve designed and built a 3D-printed robomander capable of both swimming and crawling — and perhaps one day saving lives, too.The salamander is an interesting animal from an evolutionary point of view, Professor Auke Ijspeert, head of the institute s Biorobotics Laboratory, told Digital Trends.It can swim and walk, so understanding how it manages these transitions can tell us a lot — not only from a biological perspective, but also from a robotics one.The robot — dubbed Pleurobot — features 27 motors and 11 spinal segments, making it significantly simpler than its real-life amphibian inspiration.
You need to have the Adobe Flash Player to view this content.Please click here to continue.A Swiss research company has developed this robotic salamander to help scientists learn more about the spinal cord.So while it may be a little creepy, it's also very educational.
Topping the list of predatory business schemes, direct-to-consumer clinics peddling unproven stem cell therapies may be right up there with payday loans and Shkreli-esque drug pricing.They frequently target the vulnerable and desperate, including terminal cancer patients, parents of autistic children, and grown children of parents with Alzheimer s or Parkinson s disease.And the results can range from placebos to bones in eyelids and scary growths on spinal cords.Without peer-reviewed evidence, these businesses and clinics claim their therapies can treat dozens of diseases, injuries, and cosmetic indications, including joint pain, autism, spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, and breast augmentation.Our analysis should serve as a valuable resource for contemporary debate concerning whether the US marketplace for stem cell interventions is adequately monitored and regulated by the FDA, the Federal Trade Commission, state medical boards, and other agencies tasked with promoting patient safety and accurate advertising, the authors conclude.But so far, the only type of stem cell treatment that has been scientifically verified and approved by the FDA involves stem cells from bone marrow or blood that are used in transplants to treat cancers or other disorders that affect the immune system and blood.
Often in the past, researchers focused on trying to tackle the problem of limb paralysis by creating robotic hands or other prostheses that a patient could control using the electrical signals made by their brain.Alternatively, if the nature of their injury required a system with more computational power, the device could be stored in another space in their body -- in the chest cavity, for example, with wires running from electrodes in the brain under the skin to the device."The bottom line is, depending on patient's requirements and needs, we would have different amounts of computation and algorithmic sophistication in the software and machine learning," Rao said.Secondly, those signals need to be re-encoded from machine signals back to human signals, and then transmitted to the right part of the body, be it another part of the brain, the spinal cord, or a muscle somewhere.We're looking at how we can use that connection from the brain to the spinal cord to allow a person to regain voluntary control of their hand that might have been paralysed," Rao said.While it may be possible to do that by stimulating muscles in the limb directly, Rao said the approach can lead to the muscles becoming fatigued.
Sitting too much is bad, washing machines are infestation sites for E. coli, and now the simple act of sniffing can infect you with a bacteria that has a 50 percent chance of killing you.We ve long known about the bacteria, which is called Burkholderia pseudomallei and leads to a disease called melioidosis found in southeast Asia and Australia.By studying mice, scientists found that the bacteria is transmitted from the nose to the brain stem to the spinal cord in as little as 24 hours.Imagine walking around and you sniff it up from the soil and the next day you ve got this bacteria in your brain and damaging the spinal cord, said James St John, who is head of the Clem Jones Centre for Neurobiology and Stem Cell Research at Griffith University.Griffith, along with Bond University, collaborated on the study.Even better, once you made that decisive sniff, you might not know it s there for years and years.