(University of Bath) University researchers have carried out the largest systematic review and meta-analysis to date of how people's perceptions of their screen time compare with what they do in practice, finding estimates of usage were only accurate in about five per cent of studies.
(University of Bath) The University of Bath is coordinating a major new collaboration with academia and industry to use sustainable chemical technologies to accelerate the UK's transition to net zero carbon emissions.
(University of Bath) Physics researchers at the University of Bath discover that assembling 2D materials into a 3D arrangement does not just result in 'thicker' 2D materials but instead produces entirely new materials. The nanomesh technologically pioneered at Bath is simple to produce and offers tunable material properties to meet the demands of future applications. The team's next goal is to use the nanomesh on Silicon (Si) waveguides to develop quantum optical communications.
(University of Bath) Researchers at CAMERA are investigating VR technology to help improve balance and prevent falls.
(University of Bath) * A new method has been developed to measure how fast amyloid fibrils grow.* The team fired a beam of neutrons at the growing fibrils then used a 'contrast matching' method that made most of each fibril invisible to neutrons, so they could analyse the signal from the growing end alone.* The method will help scientists better understand diseases associated with amyloid fibrils, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Type 2 diabetes.
Since the third national lockdown began to take effect in mid-January, Covid cases have been in decline across all regions of England – until now. Infections are by no means skyrocketing but the steady decrease has flattened out and it’s almost certain they will soon rise given Boris Johnson’s gradual loosening of restrictions and the reopening of society.Six of the nine regions are recording low rates last seen in September. But one region, Yorkshire and the Humber, has seen its rate rise slightly over the past fortnight.Where are we at right now?The average rate of infection nationally as of March 21 was 55.6 cases per 100,000 people – and it has been hovering around that figure for the last few days.Prior to that there had been a drastic decrease since earlier in the year when the figure was almost ten times that. Public health expert and member of Independent Sage, Dr Gabriel Scally, told HuffPost UK: “What happened on previous occasions was it went down and it kept going down, but on this occasion it’s levelled off at a certain level of circulation and that’s across the whole population.” Here are the 10 places in England with the highest case numbers.Barnsley 184.7 cases per 100,000 peopleNorth Lincolnshire 159.6Kingston upon Hull 150.5Doncaster 142.7Rotherham 140.9Bradford 140.2Wakefield 134.4Leicester 194.2 Luton 129.5Sheffield 124.1What’s caused cases to level off?According to Dr Scally, a number of different factors are at play.“The lockdown isn’t anywhere near as severe as it was in the past,” he said. “And you can see that in mobility, there’s a lot more traffic on the roads and [more] people moving around and working than last year.“And we do know there are some people who have just given up and are doing things they shouldn’t be.“Then there’s the difference between the variants that we have now, the Kent variant, and the variants that dominated previously. It’s much more infectious.”On top of this, England has begun to ease restrictions already, with schools reopening earlier this month. On March 29 two households or up to six people will be allowed to meet outdoors, while outdoor sport and leisure facilities will restart and the “stay at home” rule will officially end.These are the places in Britain with the lowest rates of coronavirus as of March 21, the latest figures available from NHS Digital.Isle of Wight 9.9 cases per 100,000 peopleDevon 14.3City of London 16.8Cornwall and Isle of Scilly 17.3Gloucestershire 19.2Camden 20.7Croydon 21.2Bath and North Somerset 21.7East Sussex 22.1Cumbria 22.2Bournemouth 22.3Southwark 22.6Haringey 22.7Bromley  23.2Barnet 23.2Are cases low enough to reopen?Possibly not, but this also has to be balanced against the economic and health effects of lockdown.Dr Kit Yates, mathematical biologist at the University of Bath, told HuffPost earlier this month: “In terms of having everything opened up and being able to keep on top of cases using Test and Trace, we need to be down to 10 cases per 100,000 people per week.” “That’s where we need to be if we want to stamp down on outbreaks.”What will happen next?Almost certainly a rise in cases.Earlier this week, England’s chief medical officer professor Chris Whitty said another surge in coronavirus cases is inevitable, adding there would be “bumps and twists on the road”, possibly including the emergence of new variants and shortages in vaccine supplies.He said: “The path from here on in does look better than the last year but there are going to be lots of bumps and twists.“There will definitely be another surge at some point, whether it’s before winter or in the next winter, we don’t know.“Variants are going to cause problems, there will be stock-outs of vaccines and no doubt there will be multiple problems at a national level but also at a local level – school outbreaks, prison outbreaks, all the things that people are dealing with on a daily basis.”Yet despite the easing of restrictions, the government doesn’t appear to have many mitigation strategies in place to cope with the expected rise in cases.Dr Scally said: “If we relax things there don’t seem to be any preventative measures in place to keep things under control, apart from vaccination which will of course make a big difference.“Independent Sage have been saying since last spring that we need a real series of things, like improving ventilation in classrooms, taking on extra space for schools so they can spread out, and none of this has happened.Won’t the vaccines mitigate the worst of it?Vaccines will have a huge positive effect on the Covid situation across the country and while cases have flattened, the death rate continues to falls as the most vulnerable become protected.But there’s another danger – mutations.Viruses are live organisms and as such have the main principal drive that we humans do – to survive. Variations occur all the time and the ones that thrive are those that are more infectious and less deadly as they survive in the bodies of more and more people.There are two major factors that increase the likelihood of a virus mutating. First is how much there is circulating in the population. The more virus about, the more chance some of it will mutate.The second can be thought of as barriers to infecting people, which place more pressure on the virus to adapt to survive.Unfortunately, vaccination can act as such a barrier so even if the most vulnerable are vaccinated, there’s a chance a dangerous mutation could occur if there are high levels of transmission among younger, unvaccinated people.Dr Scally said: “The big concern is we have a lot of virus replicating and it doesn’t really matter whether it’s in children, young adults or older people, the more it replicates, the more it mutates and the bigger risk we have of the more difficult ones taking hold and maybe even generating a Kent MKII version.“It’s really bad news for us.”How can we stop this?One option is to continue lockdown but this is politically unviable and would do further damage to the health and finances of the nation.According to Dr Scally, another option is to change the vaccine strategy: “They should start thinking about how they’re going to start using the vaccine and use it strategically for groups that are high-risk and at risk of spreading it a lot.“Teachers and school staff, transport workers and people working in food service should be vaccinated.”Related...Cabinet Office To Probe Contract With Deloitte To Draft Ministers' Answers On Test And TraceMatt Hancock Says Government 'Hit The Ball Out The Park' With Covid ResponseYou Could Soon Be Testing Yourself For Covid Twice A WeekQuarantine For UK Holidaymakers 'Should Carry On After Lockdown'
Covid cases continue to fall across England in all but a handful of areas, as the country prepares for the gradual process of reopening.This week saw students returning to schools, the first phase in Boris Johnson’s “cautious but irreversible” lifting of lockdown.Any rise in cases from the move won’t be apparent for a number of days – but six areas of England have seen an increase in the number of reported infections anyway.These most recent figures are for the seven-day rolling average up to March 7, and the decrease is a comparison with the seven-day rolling average to the previous day.Kingston-upon-Thames 25% rise in cases (now 48.4 cases per 100,000 people)Torbay 11% (37.4)Rotherham 7% (146.9)Windsor and Maidenhead 6% (49.5)Devon 2% (24.4)North Lincolnshire 1% (90.5)Covid levels fell or remained the same everywhere else in the country.At the peak of the second wave of cases, in the seven days to January 5, the highest rate in the UK was 1,635.5 per 100,000 over the course of seven days in the London borough of Barking & Dagenham.The current rate in Barking & Dagenham is 56.8.These are the places in England with the lowest rates of coronavirus as of March 7, the latest figures available from NHS Digital.Isle of Wight 9.9 cases per 100,000 peopleCornwall and Isle of Scilly 11.9East Sussex 18.3Lewisham 20.9Herefordshire 21.8Lewisham 22.4Islington 24.3Devon 24.4Bromley 25West Berkshire 25.2Haringey 25.3Bath and North Somerset 26.4Brighton and Hove 27.2City of London 27.5Bexley 27.8Gloucestershire 29Suffolk 29.6Havering 29.7Southwark 29.8Cumbria 29.8Enfield 30Oxfordshire 30.2Camden 30.7Medway 31.2Bournemouth 31.4But scientists are eyeing an even lower threshold.Looking ahead to the upcoming gradual reopening of society, one scientist told HuffPost UK last month the country still has a long way to go in order to stay on top of the pandemic.Dr Kit Yates, mathematical biologist at the University of Bath, said: “In terms of having everything opened up and being able to keep on top of cases using Test and Trace, we need to be down to 10 cases per 100,000 people per week.” “That’s where we need to be if we want to stamp down on outbreaks.”The government has repeatedly refused to commit to specific thresholds for lifting lockdown, pointing instead to four general tests it will use.So where are we right now? Although it varies across the country, on average we’re at 57.5 cases per 100,000 people.Here are the 10 places in England with the highest case numbers.Kingston upon Hull 151.3Rotherham 146.9Barnsley 139.3Bradford 138.4Peterborough 132.5Leicester 132.1Wakefield 127.8Hartlepool 119.6Rochdale 116.5Salford 108.2Elsewhere, new research suggests the Kent variant may be up to twice as deadly as previous strains of coronavirus.The more infectious variant, B117, which swept across the UK at the end of last year before spreading across the world, may be between 30% and 100% more deadly, according to a new study.Epidemiologists from the Exeter and Bristol universities said the data suggests the variant is associated with a significantly higher mortality rate among adults diagnosed in the community compared with previously circulating strains.Related...'No Clear Evidence' £22bn Test And Trace Spending Has Cut Covid Rates, Watchdog SaysMedics Scramble To Boost Alarmingly Low Vaccine Take-Up Among Birmingham’s Most Vulnerable
(University of Bath) Researchers in the UK have developed a way to coax microscopic particles and droplets into precise patterns by harnessing the power of sound in air. The implications for printing, especially in the fields of medicine and electronics, are far-reaching.
(University of Bath) Researchers exploring the interactions between light particles, photons and matter find that optical microresonators host quasiparticles made by two photons.
(Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard) A multi-disciplinary team at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the University of Bath, UK, has further developed the Institute's eRapid technology as an affinity-based, low-cost electrochemical diagnostic sensor platform for the multiplexed detection of clinically relevant biomarkers in whole blood. The device uses a novel graphene nanocomposite-based surface coating and was demonstrated to accurately detect three different sepsis biomarkers simultaneously.
(University of Bath) New analysis of the R&D response to COVID argues that future innovation could be dramatically scaled up to tackle other major diseases or even climate change.
(University of Bath) All-female research team wins funding from Innovate UK to commercialise new chemical reactorThe Spinning Mesh Disc Reactor works like a vinyl record player, allowing fast, low-cost and sustainable creation of chemicals and compoundsReactor could make chemical producers more flexible and responsive to emerging health issues such as pandemics
Mobs on the steps of the US Capitol.Supply chain troubles…One unsavory accolade we can now award to 2020 is the title “The Year of Lost Trust.” In a year we looked to our institutions to keep us well, keep us together, and keep us moving forward, many of them mustered no plan or couldn’t execute the one(s) they crafted.The people our organizations and institutions serve daily no longer trust that we can deliver on our mission or promises.The people I trust in my personal and professional life are those who model honest behaviour and have the courage to admit their mistakes when they’ve made the mistakes.If the answer doesn’t come easily, perhaps it’s time to reflect, look at one’s self in them mirror and then revisit the practices that build trust and keep cynicism at bay.Back in 2014, The University of Bath School of Management (England) conducted a study that looked at trust cultivation in businesses.Able leaders, those who show a high level of competence in executing, evaluating, and tweaking organizational mission, garner trust.
(University of Bath) As Covid-19 continues to put pressure on healthcare providers around the world, engineers at the University of Bath have published a mathematical model that could help clinicians to safely allow two people to share a single ventilator.
Scientists have unveiled a new tool for monitoring endangered wildlife: an AI system that automatically counts elephants from space. The tech combines satellite cameras with a convolutional neural network (CNN) to capture African elephants moving through forests and grasslands. In tests, the surveying technique detected elephants as accurately as human observers, while eliminating the risk of disturbing the species. The research joins a growing range of AI projects that are seeking to protect endangered animals. “Accurate monitoring is essential if we’re to save the species,” said Dr Olga Isupova, a computer scientist at the University of Bath who created the detection algorithm. “We… This story continues at The Next Web
The world's largest land animal is still hard to monitor in the wild, but satellites could make it easier.
(University of Bath) For the first time, scientists have successfully used satellite cameras coupled with deep learning to count animals in complex geographical landscapes, taking conservationists an important step forward in monitoring populations of endangered species.
(University of Bath) COVID-19 has seen hardware developers pledge to make their technology 'open source' to support frontline services, but their designs are still far from open.
(University of Bath) Soil microbial fuel cells proven to be capable of creating energy to filter a person's daily drinking water in Brazil test.
(University of Bath) The University of Bath is thrilled to announce that CAMERA, the Centre for the Analysis of Motion, Entertainment Research and Applications, has been awarded over £10m to fund its research in Intelligent Interactive and Visual Computing until 2026.