This is what the company is exploring via Project Soli, an experimental hardware program which uses miniature radar to detect movement, and which recently won approval from the FCC for further study.Imagining exactly how this tech will be put to use is tricky, but a group of researchers from the University of St Andrews in Scotland are exploring its limitations.In a paper published last month, they show how Project Soli hardware can be used for a range of precise sensing tasks.These including counting the number of playing cards in a deck, measuring compass orientation, and even discerning the specific configuration of a stack of Lego bricks.All this is done using the delicate radar readings from Google’s hardware, which the researchers incorporate into a system they call RadarCat.As with radar used to detect aircraft, the sensors fires harmless electromagnetic pulses at a target object, some of which are bounced back.
A report prepared for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) due to be released later this week concludes that the activities of Russia's Internet Research Agency (IRA) leading up to and following the 2016 US presidential election were crafted to specifically help the Republican Party and Donald Trump.The activities encouraged those most likely to support Trump to get out to vote while actively trying to spread confusion and discourage voting among those most likely to oppose him.The report, based on research by Oxford University's Computational Propaganda Project and Graphika Inc., warns that social media platforms have become a "computational tool for social control, manipulated by canny political consultants, and available to politicians in democracies and dictatorships alike."In an executive summary to the Oxford-Graphika report, the authors—Philip N. Howard, Bharath Ganesh, and Dimitra Liotsiou of the University of Oxford, Graphika CEO John Kelly, and Graphika Research and Analysis Director Camille François—noted that, from 2013 to 2018, "the IRA's Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter campaigns reached tens of millions of users in the United States... Over 30 million users, between 2015 and 2017, shared the IRA's Facebook and Instagram posts with their friends and family, liking, reacting to, and commenting on them along the way."While the IRA's activity focusing on the US began on Twitter in 2013, as Ars previously reported, the company had used Twitter since 2009 to shape domestic Russian opinion."These misinformation activities began in 2009 and continued until Twitter began closing IRA accounts in 2017."
Or at least that’s the impression that adverts give.In reality at Christmas, there will be many students struggling with family issues, resisting going home or feeling out of place in a university town that they are trying in some way to belong to.Alongside the University of Cambridge, Oxford has signed the Stand Alone Pledge, an initiative set up to bring more support to students who may struggle at university without family behind them.It’s a massive step for two institutions where students who don’t have the support or approval of family have for decades existed under the radar.Before I undertook research into estranged students, there was little to indicate the number in this position who were studying at Oxford, except for Student Loan numbers.But 41 students responded to my informal call out, and many more have reached out to me since then.
The head of MI6 Alex Younger has warned that Chinese phone giant Huawei could pose a threat to British security.Younger said the UK will have to make a decision after allies, including the US, Australia, and New Zealand, barred Huawei from launching its 5G network.Younger added that the arrival of 5G would make it harder for secret services to scrutinise Huawei's equipment.The head of MI6 Alex Younger warned of a growing security threat from Chinese phone company Huawei at a speech on Monday.In a rare speech at St Andrews University in Scotland, Younger said the UK will have to make "some decisions" about Huawei after allies, such as the US, Australia, and New Zealand, banned it from launching 5G networks."We need to decide the extent to which we are going to be comfortable with Chinese ownership of these technologies and these platforms in an environment where some of our allies have taken a very definite position," he said.
Wolves and dolphins, for example, participate in cooperative hunting, in which they work together to round up prey.Various species of monkeys, birds, and rodents issue alarm signals, alerting other members of a group to an incoming threat.Some of these social skills can be used for nefarious or deceptive ends, such as male chickens who make a false food call to female chickens as a lure for sex.Our large brains and unique cognitive capacities, say geneticists Sergey Gavrilets and Aaron Vose, “evolved via intense social competition in which social competitors developed increasingly sophisticated ‘Machiavellian’ strategies as a means to achieve higher social and reproductive success.” It’s our conniving, manipulative brains, according to this theory, that contributes to human nature and partly explains our evolutionary success.But as a new paper published this month in the Journal of Comparative Psychology reveals, humans don’t hold a monopoly on social tool use.A team of researchers from the University of St. Andrews, the University of Leipzig, and the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, have uncovered the faint glimmerings of Machiavellian intelligence in the brains of chimpanzees.
Blockchain is meant to be secure – but a new paper from quantum computing scientists warns that quickly advancing quantum technology poses a vulnerability for the much-hyped blockchain.But quantum computers may soon have the ability to break its codes.They’re only protected by public key cryptography, whereas banking has human tellers, plastic cards, and ATMs.Quantum computers are simply a new kind of computer processor whose quantum bits, or qubits, can take on values between zero and one during the calculation and interact with all the mathematics of regular computers, plus new operations based on the physics of subatomic particles.Data is normally encrypted using one-way functions, an operation such that it’s easy to combine two inputs but difficult to untangle them.Computers can generate a code by performing the easy task of multiplying large prime numbers, but computers have difficulty factoring large numbers into primes without having some information about what went in.
Monday, November 19, 2018, Rockville, MD - Insilico Medicine, a Rockville-based company developing the end-to-end drug discovery pipeline utilizing the next generation artificial intelligence is pleased to announce the talk of Polina Mamoshina, a senior research scientist at Insilico Medicine at the World's leading congress for big data in precision medicine - Biodata World Congress 2018.The pharmaceutical industry currently generates large libraries of new chemical entities with the aim of selecting the most promising leads for the future clinical trials.Over the past several years, reports of unexpected drug-induced cardiotoxicity have led to the withdrawal of a number of drugs from the market.Being a member of the Computational Cardiovascular Science group at the Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, on the 29th of November, 2018, Polina will present a joint research focused on how machine learning can be utilized for predicting a spectrum of drug-induced cardiovascular toxicities.And in silico approaches that mimic response in humans could be the most promising alternative to the current preclinical testing," - said Polina Mamoshina a senior research scientist at Insilico MedicineBiodata World 2018 brings together global heads of leading pharmaceutical companies and is created with the support of leading research institutes and the NHS.
Scientists have equipped a virus that kills carcinoma cells with a protein so it can also target and kill adjacent cells that are tricked into shielding the cancer from the immune system.It is the first time that cancer-associated fibroblasts within solid tumours - healthy cells that are tricked into protecting the cancer from the immune system and supplying it with growth factors and nutrients - have been specifically targeted in this way.The researchers, who were primarily funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) and Cancer Research UK, say that if further safety testing is successful, the dual-action virus - which they have tested in human cancer samples and in mice - could be tested in humans with carcinomas as early as next year.Currently, any therapy that kills the 'tricked' fibroblast cells may also kill fibroblasts throughout the body - for example in the bone marrow and skin - causing toxicity.They added genetic instructions into the virus that caused infected cancer cells to produce a protein called a bispecific T-cell engager.Dr Joshua Freedman, from the Department of Oncology at the University of Oxford, who was first author on the study said: "We hijacked the virus's machinery so the T-cell engager would be made only in infected cancer cells and nowhere else in the body.
Irish entrepreneur Mark Cummins is the founder of Pointy, a startup that helps bricks-and-mortar retailers show what they have in stock online.Cummins is a serial entrepreneur and sold his first startup, visual search app Plink, to Google in 2010.LISBON — As an engineering and computer science graduate from the University of Oxford, Mark Cummins fancied his chances of landing a job at Google.Oxford is one of the most prestigious universities in the world and ranks highly on global league tables for computer science.The company, Plink, was a kind of Shazam for art.Hugo Barra, once the face of Android at Google and now a Facebook executive.
Astronomers say they've zeroed in on what could be the first moon seen orbiting a planet in another star system.The potential "exomoon" is the size of Neptune and is circling a Jupiter-size gas giant called Kepler 1625b.If there is such a massive satellite around Kepler 1625b, it'd be far larger than any of the dozens of moons in our own solar system, leading one researcher to consider whether the exomoon could host a moon of its own."This exomoon would be sufficiently large to stably host its own satellite," Duncan Forgan, a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of St Andrews in Scotland, writes in research notes of the AAS (American Astronomical Society)."This has sparked discussion of a new category of celestial object -- a moon-moon or submoon."Forgan modeled the climate of such a hypothetical "moon-moon" and found that if one exists in the Kepler-1625 system it might even be livable, with temperatures on the surface ranging between 44 and 152 degrees Fahrenheit (7 and 67 Celsius).
They also considered how these outcomes, or harms, can spread as time passes.The hope is that this will help to improve the understanding of the multiple harms which cyber-attacks can have, for the public, government, and other academic disciplines.Overall the researchers identified five key themes under which the impact - referred to in the article as a cyber-harm - from a cyber-attack can be classified:Each category contains specific outcomes that underline the serious impact cyber-attacks can have.For example, under the Physical/Digital category there is the loss of life or damage to infrastructure, while the Economic category lists impacts such as a fall in stock price, regulatory fines or reduced profits as a possibility.In the Psychological theme, impacts such as individuals being left depressed, embarrassed, shamed or confused are listed, while Reputational impacts can include a loss of key staff, damaged relationships with customers and intense media scrutiny.
Dr Anne-Marie Imafidon was the youngest girl in Britain to get a higher education qualification in computing, aged just 11.Prince Harry and Meghan Markle have supported her work, which involves tearing down stereotypes about women in tech."I wasn't like a terror, I was just all over the place, a class clown," she says of her behaviour with teachers.By the age of 10, Imafidon's school suggested a new approach: Putting her forward to take her GCSEs in ICT and maths — standard exams British pupils normally take at 16.For the past five years, however, her focus has been on diversity and getting girls into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers through her company Stemettes.Statistics from WISE— which is campaigning for gender equality in STEM — indicate that while there was a growing number of girls signing up for core STEM subjects in 2017, they still only represented 36.7% of entrants.
Light-sheet fluorescence microscopy is an exciting new imaging method that harnesses thin sheets of light to make images of large biological samples such as fly and fish embryos, mice and even pieces of human tissue.And its use could lead to less intrusive and more effective diagnosis for patients.At the University of St Andrews, we have recently utilized the unusual properties of shaped laser beams to get a clearer image deeper inside specimens – using beams that bend and curve around corners and get brighter, rather than dimmer, as they travel.Microscopy has developed at a great pace since its development more than 350 years ago, yet it remains challenging to image large three-dimensional (3D) samples.People are 3D beings and disease research needs to take that into account.However, light-sheet fluorescence microscopy is a technology particularly suited to imaging large volumes quickly and without causing any damage.
If you have ever watched a cartoon or movie with Superman in it, you know that one of his powers is the ability to shoot lasers out of his eyes.In the scientific world, these are known as ocular lasers and a group of researchers from the University of St Andrews has made them one step closer to reality.The team says that it may now be possible to create ocular lasers thanks to a new ultra-thin membrane that uses organic semiconductors.Rather than fighting bad guys, these ocular lasers could be used in security, biophotonics, and photomedicine.The scientists say that the threshold for their membrane lasers is compatible with requirements for safe operation in the human eye.The laser was demonstrated using a cow eye as a model system.
Got something in your eye?One day, it could be a laser.Researchers at the University of St Andrews in Scotland are working on an "ultra-thin membrane laser" that could be safe for the human eye, the university said Monday.It won't be to turn your enemies into a pile of ash.Researchers said the technology could have applications in security, photomedicine and biophotonics.The lasers could potentially be put onto a contact lens.
Laser beams shooting out of cows’ eyes could be a step toward better biometric security, less easily forged banknotes, and improved sensors, according to a team of Scottish scientists.Researchers at the Organic Semiconductor Center located at the University of St. Andrews have developed extremely thin, bendable lasers.They’ve done this by stamping gratings into a polymer that can be grown on a glass substrate, removed from the glass and applied to other surfaces, then stimulated by an external, low-power laser so that it emits a beam.To demonstrate the concept, the Scottish researchers attached one of their flexible membrane lasers to a contact lens applied to an eyeball that had been removed from a cow.Lead researcher Malte Gather promises he’s not planning to build an army of cows with laser beam eyes.His idea is that if a low-power, eye-safe laser could be applied to a contact lens, it could be used to encode a security tag that would add a second layer of authentication to an iris scan.
Tool use among animals isn't common, but it is spread widely across our evolutionary tree.In most of these instances, however, the animal is simply using something that's found in its environment, rather than crafting a tool specifically for a task.To extract food from holes and crevices, these birds use twigs or stems that are found in their environment without modification.In other environments, however, they'll remove branches from plants and carefully strip parts of the plant to leave behind a hooked stick.A group of researchers, mostly from the University of St. Andrews, has now done just that: the researchers have quantified how tool manufacture influences food harvesting.The results show that the use of bird-crafted tools can increase food extraction by up to 12 times the rate the crows could achieve by using unmodified sticks.
New Rochelle, NY, January 15, 2018--The new ORION e-health psychoeducational tool, designed to help opioid-dependent individuals prevent an overdose, can impart new knowledge and impact a person's intention to change opioid abuse behavior, but it did not improve overall self-efficacy in overdose prevention.Researchers concluded that ORION was useful for identifying individuals most in need of reducing modifiable risk factors through appropriate interventions, as reported in an article in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.The article is available free on the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking website until February 15, 2018.In the article entitled "Engagement in the Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) e-Health Tool for Opioid Overdose Prevention and Self-Efficacy: A Preliminary Study," Giuseppe Carrà, University College London (U.K.) and coauthors from University of Milano-Bicocca (Monza, Italy), University of St. Andrews and Startheden Hospital (Fife, U.K.), and Hospital of University of Duisburg-Essen (Essen, Germany) describe ORION and present initial results of its use in opioid-dependent individuals in treatment in four European countries.ORION provides information about the risk of experiencing a drug overdose.This proof-of-concept study evaluated participants before and after exposure to the e-health tool.
Computer science graduates are some of the highest earners six months after leaving university, according to The Sunday Times' annual Good University Guide.The guide assesses UK universities for research and teaching quality, student experience, and graduate opportunities and earnings.It found that computer science courses account for five of the top ten highest-earning degrees, based on how much former students are earning six months after they graduate.So, while some grads are no doubt still casting around for a job, computer scientists from the University of Oxford are earning a median salary of £45,000.The paper quotes one former Oxford maths and computer science student, Thomas Janerle – who now works at Facebook – as saying that it was "super easy" to find a well-paid job.The second highest earners are computer science students from the University of St Andrews in Scotland, who earned a median of £41,600 six months after graduating.
Using a phone or smartwatch when you’re supposed to be talking to someone has become an accepted rudeness in the 21st century.So, a group of researchers have a possible solution to this minor societal ill: prototype smart glasses that let you control a computer just by rubbing your nose.Yes, you can reject a call, pause a video, or skip a song, simply by scratching your schnoz.The glasses were designed as an experiment by researchers from South Korea’s KAIST University, the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, and Georgia Tech in the US, to create a way to “control a wearable computer without calling attention to the user in public.”The specs work thanks to a trio of electrooculography (or EOG) sensors embedded in the bridge and nosepads of the frame, which measure the electric potential of the surrounding flesh.These types of sensors are usually used to record eye activity for doctors, but have also found their way into the film industry as a method of re-creating realistic eye movements in CGI.
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