computer scientists at Kaist University in south Korea, the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, Georgia Institute of Technology in the united states and Keio University in Japan have developed a pair of at least said unique smartglasögon.They are controlled namely with your nose.Itchy Nose which then looks like a pair of ordinary glasses is controlled entirely with a series of discrete gestures that are recorded by the EOG sensors.Gestures such as strike to the nose, pressing on it or scratching it.for Example, you can remove an incoming phone call by the itch on the nose, pause a video, scroll through your music, and so on.You can see the technology demonstrated in more detail in the clip above.
Google, a company that spends billions of pounds on research and development, still hasn’t found a good reason for everyone to own a pair of smart glasses.But an international team of researchers is rethinking how upgraded glasses could be useful—by turning the wearer’s nose into a remote control for other devices.Computer scientists from KAIST University in South Korea, the University of St Andrews in Scotland, the Georgia Institute of Technology in the United States, and Keio University in Japan took a unique approach to the smart glasses they designed.As detailed in a new paper, ItchyNose: Discreet Gesture Interaction using EOG Sensors in Smart Eyewear, being presented today at the International Symposium on Wearable Computers, instead of trying to integrate a screen, camera, touch panel, and turn the specs into a wearable computer, they simply added a series of electrooculography sensors to the bridge and nose pads of the glasses.Those EOG sensors are designed to measure electrical signals in and around the eye, and have been used for diagnosing certain medical conditions, but also as a way to record eye movements in the special-effects industry, allowing an actor’s facial performance to be captured and applied to a CG character.The sensors are being used in a similar fashion here, but instead of recording eye movements, the EOG sensors in the smart eyewear are detecting movements of the wearer’s nose.
The new app uses your phone’s display and front-facing camera to detect the color and the material of the surface it’s on.If you recall, a team of researchers from the University of St. Andrews brought some impressive improvements to Google’s Project Soli last year: called RadarCat, the technology uses radio waves which bounce off objects to create very specific patterns, similar to how bats navigate in darkness using echolocation.RadarCat not only identifies hand gestures but is also able to distinguish apples from oranges and full glasses from empty glasses.Well, the same team of researchers who showed us a glimpse of future mobile technology is back, this time with an app called SpeCam.SpeCam essentially uses the device’s front-facing camera and display as a multi-spectral light source to examine the surface on which it’s placed.The obvious advantage here is that no additional hardware or sensing infrastructures are needed to produce precise location information.
An anonymous reader brings an important announcement: Researchers at the University of St Andrews have thrown down the gauntlet to computer programmers to find a solution to a "simple" chess puzzle which could, in fact, take thousands of years to solve, and net a $1 million prize.Computer Scientist Professor Ian Gent and his colleagues, at the University of St Andrews, believe any program capable of solving the famous "Queens Puzzle" efficiently would be so powerful, it would be capable of solving tasks currently considered impossible, such as decrypting the toughest security on the internet.In a paper [PDF] published in the Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research today, the team conclude the rewards to be reaped by such a program would be immense, not least in financial terms with firms rushing to use it to offer technological solutions, and also a $1 million prize offered by the Clay Mathematics Institute in America.Devised in 1850, the Queens Puzzle originally challenged a player to place eight queens on a standard chessboard so that no two queens could attack each other.This means putting one queen in each row, so that no two queens are in the same column, and no two queens in the same diagonal.Although the problem has been solved by human beings, once the chess board increases to a large size no computer program can solve it.
$1m prize is still up for grabs if you want to prove them wrongA trio of computer scientists from the University of St Andrews in Fife, Scotland, has published results showing that a classic chess puzzle dating back 150 years is so computationally taxing that it could take thousands of years to solve.It’s a crushing blow for those trying to win the $1m prize offered for cracking the problem by the Clay Mathematics Institute in Peterborough, New Hampshire, a non-profit US organization that supports mathematical research.A paper published in the Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research describes the n‑Queens completion problem.It might be easy to understand, but it’s very difficult to solve in a practical sense.The goal is to place n queens on an n by n chessboard in a way that no two queens are ever on the same row or column, or diagonal to each other.
Solving this complex problem would lead to breakthroughs in a number of areas, including online encryption.Have a good mind for computational problem-solving?Fancy netting a cool $1 million for your efforts?Then the University of St. Andrews and the Clay Mathematics Institute sure have the competition for you.Announced on Thursday, the prize (awarded by the Clay Mathematics Institute) is available to anyone who can solve a chess puzzle which researchers estimate could take thousands of years to come up with a quick answer to.Were it solved, a program working out the math behind the so-called “Queens Puzzle” would help address a number of currently impossible problems, including breaking any online security measures.
Can you solve the notorious Queen’s Puzzle?Researchers at the University of St Andrews have thrown down the gauntlet to computer programmers, offering a $1 million prize to those who can solve the famous ‘Queen’s Puzzle’.However, before all you computer programmers get you hopes up for a big win, the ‘simple’ puzzle is by no means straightforward and could actually take thousands of years to solve.Devised in 1850, the Queens Puzzle originally challenged a player to place eight queens on a standard chessboard so that no two queens could attack each other.This means putting one queen in each row, so that no two queens are in the same column, and no two queens in the same diagonal.Although the problem has been solved by human beings, once the chess board increases to a large size no computer program can solve it.
Did you know there's something called the Microsoft Office Specialist World Championship?And that over half a million people entered?And that we, as a nation, nearly won in the Excel category?Well there is and we did, as we got a press release about it and it would be a weird thing to make up.22-year-old student Sam Millar from the University of St Andrews is the Brit we need to be proud of, as he impressed the judges with his work enough to win the silver medal in being best at Excel.Sam got his big cheque in recognition of his skills in Microsoft Excel 2013, with, incredibly, other categories including Excel 2016, Microsoft PowerPoint 2016, Word 2013, and a few other yearly iterations of Microsoft productivity products.
Both investments show the pivotal importance of engineering and the physical sciences to the country's continued development as a global research and innovation leader.This will be matched by a further £36 million from partner organisations in cash or in-kind contributions, and £11 million from universities' funds, resulting in a £78 million investment.Jo Johnson, Minister for Universities and Science said: "A central part of our Industrial Strategy is boosting the economic impact of our world-class research base by supporting the flow of innovative ideas and techniques from concept to market-place.The breadth of applications too speaks to the diversity of UK industry and to the alignment between the UK's very best academic teams and our industrial base.The IAAs' aims are to promote movement between universities, businesses and other organisations; to support the very early stage of turning research outputs into a commercial proposition; improve engagement with businesses, government and third sector to sow the seeds of new collaboration and more strategic engagement, and reach out to researchers who do not normally engage in exploitation activities and driving culture change within the university.University of St Andrews M Squared Lasers
Award-winning entries include photos, 3D models and digital illustrations of scientific processes, and human and animal anatomy.The 22 winning images were chosen from all those acquired by the Wellcome Images picture library in the past yearCredit Original painting by Sophie McKay Knight, with imagery contributed by women scientists from the University of St Andrews – part of the Chrysalis project coordinated by Mhairi Stewart
Vodafone s IoT technology gets a seal of approvalVodafone s Internet of Things IoT technology has been deployed to monitor Harbours seals in Scotland s Orkney islands.Through the use of marine smartphones connected to Vodafone s IoT tech, scientists from the Sea Mammal Research Unit, a division University of St Andrews, glues telemetry tags on the fur of ten Harbour seals, one of the to species of seal found in the UK.The tags allowed the scientists to track the seals behaviour and movements before they shed their fur during an annual moult.Tagging seals with IoT-based tech may not encapsulate the vision many major technology firms have for the IoT.But the technology has been put to use with Harbour seals to discover reasons for the declining populations of the aquatic mammal in some regions of Scotland.
If you don t recall Google s Project Soli, you re forgiven – the project was unveiled at Google I/O in 2015, and while potentially very cool, we haven t heard much about it since.Soli uses tiny radar units to detect gesture input where other forms of input, like a touchscreen, might be impractical or impossible.Google demoed the tech using a smartwatch, for instance, but it could also work for building gesture interaction into otherwise solid objects like a desk, for instance.Soli has a new trick up its sleeve thanks to researchers at Scotland s University of St. Andrews via The Verge – it can now identify objects, using radar to determine both the exterior shape and internal structure of whatever it s sensing to tell you what the thing is.It s not fool-proof, since it has difficulty determining the difference between objects made up of similar material with similar density, and it has to train the system on what an object is before it can be identified.Researchers are going to work on fixing any confusion around identifying similar objects, and the second problem is fixed easily enough by building a comprehensive reference database software can poll to get matching IDs for known objects.
Researchers at the University of St Andrews in Scotland recently figured out a way for a computer to recognize different types of materials and objects ranging from glass bottles to computer keyboards to human body parts.They call the resulting device RadarCat, which is short for Radar Categorization for Input and Interaction.As the name implies, this device uses radar to identify objects.The radar-based sensor used in RadarCat stems from the Project Soli alpha developer kit provided by the Google Advanced Technology and Projects ATAP program.Once Soli is deployed in products, our RadarCat solution can revolutionize how people interact with a computer, using everyday objects that can be found in the office or home, for new applications and novel types of interaction, said Professor Aaron Quigley, Chair of Human Computer Interaction at the university.When an object enters those waves, the energy is scattered is a specific way relative to the object.
Students from the University of St. Andrews have developed a computer that can not only determine what an object is made of, it can also identify said object.At its core is Project Soli, a tiny chip developed by Google s Advanced Technologies and Projects ATAP group.The chip, which uses radar to detect subtle hand and finger movement, was designed as a unique way to interact with mobile devices.While working with it, the students noticed that different materials produced unique signals.With a bit of machine learning, they were able to train the system to pull off some incredible tasks as seen in the clip above.They've dubbed their system RadarCat.
Researchers at Scotland s University of St. Andrews have demonstrated the world s first polariton laser based on lab-grown, fluorescent jellyfish proteins — which could help trigger major advances in fields like optical computing.I ve always been fascinated by the material properties of fluorescent proteins, said Malte Gather, a professor at the University of St. Andrews, who helped invent the laser.Polariton lasers are different in their physics from conventional lasers, and potentially more efficient at generating light at low energy levels.However, they have previously proven unsuitable for real-world applications.These constraints are one of the areas the new jellyfish protein-based improves on previous polariton lasers, since it can be operated at room temperature.In doing so, it could have a profound impact on optical computing as we know it.
Safer lasers to map your cells could soon be in the offing – all thanks to the humble jellyfish.Conventional lasers, like the pointer you might use to entertain your cat, produce light by emitting identical photons after they have bounced around inside a cavity.Another type of laser – called a polariton laser – works by passing photons back and forth between excited molecules.These can use less energy than conventional lasers, so in theory could lead to more efficient optical communications or medical lasers that are less destructive to living tissue.Switching the light-producing molecules to ones that operate at room temperature could make them more practical, says Malte Gather at the University of St. Andrews, UK.But the few materials that work at room temperature have light-emitting molecules that sit too close together, interfering with one another instead of producing laser light.
Most smartwatches these days, except for the likes of the Pebble, have touch screens that try to make using these wearable devices easier.But unlike the bigger touchscreens on our smartphones, the surface area of smartwatches make it harder to utilize multi-touch gestures.As such, most of the time users are limited to taps, tap and hold, and swipes.Researchers from the University of St. Andrews are proposing a new interaction method they have dubbed as WatchMI, which adds three more touch-based gestures to any smartwatch, without requiring additional hardware at all.WatchMI utilizes motion sensors, namely accelerometers and gyroscopes, that are present on almost any modern smartphones.As it is mostly a software-based solution, however, it would require a smartwatch platform that is more receptive of hacks like this.
Biologists have confirmed that crows are incredibly adept at crafting tools from twigs - a revelation that could prompt a rewrite of textbooks on animal intelligence.In 2002, a captive New Caledonian crow named Betty astonished University of Oxford scientists when she bent a piece of wire to form a hook in order to retrieve food from a tube.At the time, it was assumed that Betty had exhibited surprisingly advanced problem-solving skills that were thought to demonstrate a previously unseen level of intelligence in a non-human animal.However, a new study from researchers at the University of St Andrews has revealed that tool bending is actually a part of the wild crow species' natural repertoire, throwing doubt on Betty's presumed problem-solving skills.In the study, wild-caught crows were provided with food hidden in wooden logs, along with their preferred plant material for making tools.What the researchers were not expecting was 10 of the 18 birds to start vigorously bending twigs into tools, just like Betty had with the wire, even though bent tools were not required to solve this particular task.
Science Museum / Science & Society Picture LibraryMarconi followed his intuition rather than scientific formalityAT GUGLIELMO MARCONI s grand state funeral in Rome in 1937 – orchestrated with military-style pomp by the black-shirted Benito Mussolini – the largest wreath on the hearse, adorned with a Nazi swastika, was sent by Adolf Hitler.As did the 31 beam and wireless stations of Cable and Wireless s global network, and others in China, Japan, the Middle East and Europe.Yet we are far less confident about just which parts of this invention were his own work, in contrast with the inventions of near-contemporary, Thomas Edison.As Marconi remarked in 1934 in an exchange with the principal of the University of St Andrews, UK, after the students elected him lord rector: Have I done the world good, or have I added a menace?
Ever since giant squid were discovered, there has been considerable speculation as to how large they can get.More from LiveScience:Still, prior studies estimated that hundreds of thousands of giant squid may live in the ocean, which would suggest that there are plenty of chances for giant squid to grow larger than previously suggested, said Charles Paxton, a fisheries ecologist and statistician at the University of St Andrews in Scotland.This new study extrapolated the maximum sizes this species might reach by both examining a variety of categories of data and examining as much data taken directly from specimens of the creature as was available."I've been interested in the last few years about investigating the hard science behind sea monsters," Paxton said.He found that beak size could help predict mantle length, confirming previous studies.As to why giant squid might grow as large as they do, "perhaps it makes them less likely to be eaten by sperm whales," Paxton said.