(Tomsk Polytechnic University) Scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with colleagues from the University of Lille (Lille, France) synthetized a new material based on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) for supercapacitors, energy storage devices. The rGO modification method with the use of organic molecules, derivatives of hypervalent iodine, allowed obtaining a material that stores 1.7 times more electrical energy. The research findings are published in Electrochimica Acta academic journal (IF: 6,215; Q1).
(Università di Trento) A breakthrough that has implications for molecular biology, pharmacology and nanotechnologies. The fields of application are many. Identifying the mechanisms behind neurodegenerative processes in some proteins, for example, can help limit their proliferation. Understanding how a protein takes on a certain shape can open the way to use the nanomachines that nature has designed to cut, edit or block damaged or defective genes. Their study was published in the international academic journal Physical Review Letters
(The University of Hong Kong) An engineering team led by Dr Paddy Chan Kwok Leung at the Department of Mechanical Engineering of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) has made an important breakthrough in developing the staggered structure monolayer Organic Field Effect Transistors, which sets a major cornerstone to reduce the size of OFETs. The result has been published in the academic journal Advanced Materials. A US patent has been filed for the innovation.
From using racist rhetoric to promoting dangerous “miracle cures,” President Donald Trump is by far the biggest spreader of Covid-19 false claims, according to a new analysis by researchers at Cornell University’s Alliance for Science, which identifies and combats misinformation and conspiracy theories about science.The study, published by the university on Thursday, examined over 38 million English-language news articles about the coronavirus from Jan. 1 to May 26. Of those, just over a million contained misinformation or disinformation. Misinformation is any false information, regardless of whether the person sharing it intended to mislead, and disinformation is shared with the specific intent of misleading or deceiving.Trump, the researchers concluded, is “likely the largest driver of the COVID-19 misinformation.” Nearly 38% of the articles mentioned the president, the study found, making him “by far the largest single component of the infodemic.” In addition to direct mentions of Trump, there was significant overlap between news coverage of the president and news coverage of “miracle cures” because the president was often spreading the false information during White House briefings or to his millions of Twitter followers. Trump, for example, persistently touted the anti-malarial drug hydroxychloroquine as an effective coronavirus treatment, despite scientific research showing otherwise. He also ludicrously suggested that injecting disinfectant could wipe out the virus.Other common categories of misinformation identified in the researchers’ analysis include racist conspiracy theories, such as those placing an outsized focus on the virus originating China and promoting racist tropes about people of Chinese descent.Trump frequently refers to the pandemic using racist slurs and blames China in order to deflect from his own failed leadership. His rages have coincided with a wave of racism against Asian Americans this year.Conspiracy theories often begin on social media and extremist websites. But the biggest danger arises when they’re repeated on influential platforms and blasted by those holding the biggest megaphones, the researchers said.“It is especially notable that while misinformation and conspiracy theories promulgated by ostensibly grassroots sources, such as anti-vaccination groups, 5G opponents, and political extremists, do appear in our analysis in several of the topics, they contributed far less to the overall volume of misinformation than more powerful actors, in particular the U.S. President,” they wrote.The researchers found that only 16.4% of the articles in the study specifically called out or corrected false information about the pandemic.The study was being peer-reviewed for an academic journal, but the authors withdrew it because of the lengthy delay so they could share the findings immediately, according to The New York Times.Read the full study here. Related...
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Everyone has got a story.Your experiences, your feelings, ideas, thoughts, and dreams all combine to develop your life and your journey, along with that is your scenario.A great technique keep a distant relative reflection involving most those dysfunctions that have happened in living is support a academic journal.A daily journal , an every week journal, per month end summary journal, all or any these are fashions you can keep track and record your experiences, your story.Better overall life-perspective - My perspective of life in general is more suitable.Ask for assistance in working to find meaning in the death of your loved one, which is actually definitely an important task in by using your suffering.You may would like to ask for about a sign that your loved is actually okay and even the courage and strength to make the adjustment a person's without the physical presence of the loved definitely one.Add a nice ten to twenty percent to total duration of the project for those unforeseen things which may arise.
Despite that the first coder and writer of a compiler were women, today in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields, women are grossly underrepresented.Dating back to the 1800’s, influential scientists, including Charles Darwin believed women were “biologically inferior to men.” These “antiquated” beliefs didn’t stay in the 18th century either.Just last year, an engineer from Google published a whole manifesto detailing the various ways women were biologically different from men, and urged Google to have an “honest discussion about the costs and benefits of our diversity programs.”Now, a peer-reviewed academic journal, ‘Quantitative Science Studies,’ made the controversial decision to publish a paper that claims men are inherently better suited for a career in physics than women — and concludes that women don’t face any more career hurdles than their male counterparts.In the study, the author and physicist, Alessandro Strumia, examines 1.3 million physics papers, published from 1970 to this year.After identifying the authors by gender, Strumia attempts to explain how quickly women with PhDs in physics are hired, how soon they publish papers, and how long they continue to do so, according to Science News.
While the industry continues to contemplate and discuss about what is the future technology trends in healthcare industry, the following are the most disruptive trends according to us.IoT is beyond doubt, bringing a new wave of change in the healthcare industry by redefining the interaction between devices and people in delivering healthcare solutions.In case of any deviation or change in periodic activities, there is an alert mechanism to inform or send signals to family members and healthcare providers.The unstructured clinical record contains voluminous insights about patients that are not available in the structured record.Any organization looking to leverage data to improve outcomes, reduce costs, and further medical research needs to consider voluminous insights stored in text and how to create value from data using NLP.Condense extensive chunks of narrative text, such as a clinical note or academic journal article by identifying phrases in the source material
Bosses worldwide will be rejoicing after a British academic declared that banning work email use out of hours could negatively effect underlings' mental health.The unwelcome news comes after a University of Sussex academic conducted a study which supported the idea of tailoring workplace email use policies around individual workers' personality traits instead of applying blanket use/no-use rules.In a statement, the university said people "tend to have one of four goals in mind when they are dealing with work email – to show concern to others, to achieve their work effectively, to preserve their well-being, or to have control over their work."Published in the Computers in Human Behaviour academic journal, the study enumerates no fewer than 72 actions that people apparently take while managing their work emails.We can count five – delete, mark as spam, forward, reply and read but ignore – and can only imagine that reaching the figure of 72 must include crying and rocking in the corner of the office while reading the full contents of one's inbox.Lead researcher Dr Emma Russell, a psychologist and lecturer in management, chipped in to add: "Despite the best intentions of a solution designed to optimise well-being such as instructing all employees to switch off their emails outside of work hours to avoid being stressed, this policy would be unlikely to be welcomed by employees who prioritise work performance goals and who would prefer to attend to work outside of hours if it helps them get their tasks completed."
Bentham Science is pleased to announce the launch of the Open Access journal, New Emirates Medical Journal.The first issue of the journal, by Bentham Science, will be available online by the start of the year, 2020.Dr. Abdullah Shehab is the Editor-in-Chief of this new journal.Dr. Abdullah Shehab serves as the General Secretary of the Emirates Cardiac Society.New Emirates Medical Journal (NEMJ) formally known as Emirates Medical Journal (EMJ) is an official journal of the Emirates Medical Association (EMA), UAE, is an Open Access online journal.The NEMJ publishes original research, clinical reports, case studies, short research communications, reviews, book reviews, correspondence, and editorials.
Bentham Science announces the launch of the subscription-based journal, Current Mechanics and Advanced Materials.The first issue of the journal will be available online by the mid of the year, 2020.Dr. Q. H. Qin is the Editor-in-Chief of this new journal.Dr. Q. H. Qin is Professor of Materials and Manufacturing Group at The Australian National University.Current Mechanics and Advanced Materials is an international journal devoted to publishing peer-reviewed, high quality, original papers in the field of Materials science.The following article types are published: original research articles, reviews, thematic issues, editorials, letters, and conference reports.
New Rochelle, NY, October 16, 2019--Researchers have demonstrated a close positive association between daily stress, depression symptoms, and Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD).High daily stress can lead individuals to turn to Facebook use as a coping strategy, with depression symptoms serving as a moderator of this association, according to a study published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.Click here to read the full-text article free on the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking website through November 16, 2019.The article entitled "Relationship Between Daily Stress, Depression Symptoms, and Facebook Addiction Disorder in Germany and in the United States" was coauthored by Julia Brailovskaia, Julia Velten, and Jürgen Margaf, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.The researchers studied a population of students in Germany and an older sample of mostly employed individuals in the U.S. to broaden the relevance of their findings.They propose that, while people with higher levels of depression symptoms who tend to feel more overwhelmed by everyday life may have some improvement in mood by using Facebook use in the short term, in the long term it increases the risk of developing FAD, negatively impacting well-being.
Boffins claim code was fine... when they wrote itAnalysis Chemistry boffins at the University of Hawaii have found, rather disturbingly, that different computer operating systems running a particular set of Python scripts used for their research can produce different results when running the same code.In a research paper published last week in the academic journal Organic Letters, chemists Jayanti Bhandari Neupane, Ram Neupane, Yuheng Luo, Wesley Yoshida, Rui Sun, and Philip Williams describe their efforts to verify an experiment involving cyanobacteria, better known as blue-green algae.Williams, associate chair and professor in the department of chemistry at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, said in a phone interview with The Register on Monday this week that his group was looking at secondary metabolites, like penicillin, that can be used to treat cancer or Alzheimer's.Yuheng Luo, a graduate student working with assistant professor Rui Sun, tried to verify some of the group's experimental results but found the results varied depending on the operating system being used.The scripts, described in a 2014 Nature Protocols article, were designed by Patrick Willoughby, Matthew Jansma, and Thomas Hoye to handle nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), a process for assessing local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei.
Chatbots can match the performance of proficient human salespeople—or outperform inexperienced ones fourfold—but only when customers are unaware they are conversing with artificial intelligence.That was the conclusion of a recent study published in academic journal Marketing Science in which researchers analyzed field data from outbound sales calls between bots or sales reps and 6,200 randomized customers of an anonymous Asia-based financial services company.They found that the customers tended to grow curt when informed upfront of the bot’s presence, and that such disclosures led to an 80% drop in sales.“They perceive the disclosed bot as less knowledgeable and less empathetic,” the study authors wrote.“The negative disclosure effect seems to be driven by a subjective human perception against machines, despite the objective competence of AI chatbots.”The paper raises a moral dilemma for businesses looking to deploy chatbots.
New Rochelle, NY, September 25, 2019--A new study has shown that an interactive avatar, which gives both instructions and feedback on the attention of the learner, can improve the performance of ADHD children on a complex problem-solving task.Researchers concluded that the presence of a virtual avatar providing instruction and feedback can enhance the attention of ADHD children and boost their performance on dynamic measures of intelligence, as reported in an article published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.Click here to read the full-text article free on the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking website through October 25, 2019.The article entitled "Interactive Avatar Boosts the Performances of Children with ADHD in Dynamic Measures of Intelligence" was coauthored by Rosa Fabio, Tindara Capri, Giancarlo Iannizzotto, and Andrea Nucita, University of Messina, Italy, and Nasrin Mohammadhasani, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.Avatars are virtual characters used in online learning environments that have human-like gestures, speech, and behaviors.The researchers showed that the absence of an avatar or the presence of an avatar that only provided instructions did not significantly boost performance among children with ADHD in the dynamic intelligence test.
CHICAGO, IL (September 10, 2019) -- Scholastica, a peer review and open access (OA) publishing platform for academic journals, announced today the release of a Product Roadmap detailing new features to help journals comply with Plan S and sustainably meet core technical publishing standards.With these product improvements, Scholastica is making it possible for publishing organizations of any size to produce OA journals of the same professional quality as a large publisher and meet new regulations and standards -- but at a fraction of the time and cost.Scholastica is committed to ensuring that all journals using its OA publishing platform will be able to meet the guidelines for Plan S, an initiative by a consortium of national and international research funders, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to make research fully and immediately OA by January 1, 2021.The Product Roadmap details improvements to Scholastica's OA publishing platform to help journals fulfill the Plan S technical requirements and recommendations by the deadline, including:- Core machine-readable XML metadata in the JATS standard for all articles- Automated Digital Object Identifier (DOI) registration through Crossref
Amsterdam, September 5, 2019 - Elsevier, a global information analytics business specializing in science and health, and Wageningen University & Research (WUR) announced today a collaboration using Elsevier's analytical capabilities to detect the unethical addition of citations to scientific research papers.This first large-scale analysis of citation manipulation in journals is being presented at the 17th International Conference on Scientometrics & Informetrics (ISSI) in Rome, Italy.Occasionally, adding citations to scientific articles during the peer-review process can contribute to improving the quality and integrity of research.For example, suggestions of additional citations by editors and reviewers may help authors avoid accusations of plagiarism, or give their paper more context.However, sometimes editors, reviewers or authors also add irrelevant citations, with the goal of increasing citations to certain researchers ("citation pushing") or to certain journals ("citation stacking").Avoiding citation pushing is an acknowledged principle of good scientific research and has become part of scientific integrity guidelines, including the new Netherlands Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.
Explained in a paper titled "A standard for near-scarless plasmid construction using reusable DNA parts", which will be published this month in the prestigious academic journal, Nature Communications, the project is part of the SMART Interdisciplinary Research Group (IRG) - Disruptive & Sustainable Technologies for Agricultural Precision (DiSTAP).The IRG develops new technologies to enable Singapore, a city-state which is dependent upon imported food and produce, to improve their agriculture yield to reduce external dependencies.Kang Zhou, a DiSTAP Principal Investigator who is also an assistant professor at the NUS Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (ChBE) and Xiaoqiang Ma, a postdoctoral associate at SMART, led the development of the technology while working on ways to support their colleagues who were working on enhancing vegetable yield in the country's urban farms.They were exploring ways on microbial fermentation which create fertilizers, nutrients and non-synthetic pesticides for urban farms, in the form of small molecules."The objective of this study was to create a technology that can engineer microbes faster and at a lower cost," said Ma.The new Guanine/Thymine (GT) DNA assembly technology significantly changes things by enabling genetic engineers to reuse genetic materials.
New Rochelle, NY, July 23, 2019--Does a desire to belong and perceived social support drive a person's frequency of Instagram use?The relationship between these motivating factors as predictors of Instagram use are published in a new study in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.Click here to read the full-text article free on the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking website through August 23, 2019."Desire to Belong Affects Instagram Behavior and Perceived Social Support" was coauthored by Dorothy Wong, Krestina Amon, and Melanie Keep, University of Sydney (Australia).The researchers found that a desire to belong was a significant positive predictor of more frequent Instagram use and perceived social support in general and from friends and significant others."In his well-known 'Hierarchy of Needs,' Abraham Maslow found the need to belong is one of the five innate human needs," says Editor-in-Chief Brenda K. Wiederhold, PhD, MBA, BCB, BCN, Interactive Media Institute, San Diego, California and Virtual Reality Medical Institute, Brussels, Belgium.
Bentham Science is pleased to announce the launch of a new subscription-based journal, Current Chinese Medical Science.The first issue of the journal will be available online by the start of 2020.Dr. Yanmin Zhang is the Editor-in-Chief of this journal.Dr. Zhang serves as Professor of School of Pharmacy, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University of China.The information for the Editorial Board of the journal can be viewed here: https://benthamscience.com/journals/current-chinese-medical-science/editorial-board/.Current Chinese Medical Science publishes original research articles, letters, case reports, reviews/mini-reviews and guest edited thematic issues dealing with various topics related to medical science in China and worldwide.