In an ideal world, computers would only have one type of data storage, but thanks to the laws of physics and businesses, we have two main types three if you count CPU L caches .Previous PCM implementations only used 1 bit per cell, basically equivalent to storing either 0 or 1 2 values ."Someday" being the operative word here.As no actual commercially available implementation has been launched yet, we can't really speculate on how viable PCM will be as a replacement for both DRAM and flash.As mentioned, it is a topic of interest in the wider computing industry, including other companies.Suffice it to say, whoever is able to come out with a wallet-friendly and reliable solution first could very well end up in the annals of computing history as the pioneers of the new age of computer memory.
Dealing with obstacles is an inevitable part of life, and it looks like robots may be surprisingly adept at applying creativity to the challenge.Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University developed software that not only helped a robot deal efficiently with clutter but also revealed considerable creativity in solving problems.In one case, the robot, officially named the Home Exploring Robot Butler, used the crook of its arm to cradle an object to be moved.That's great in relatively clutter-free locations like factory production lines, but not so much in homes -- or on distant planets.It can also be taught to pay attention to items that might be valuable or delicate.Currently, CMU's algorithm forges ahead full-bore with any plan it makes, but work is under way to help it make corrections along the way.
Before it was released, there were several worrying signs - poor multiplayer beta reactions, no early review copies - that suggested the new Doom title may be disappointing.Now, it looks as if developer id Software will be bringing back another one of its classic first-person shooters from days gone by: Quake.Several of the vacancies, including those for lead gameplay programmer, art supervisor, senior physics programmer, and senior lighting artist, are seeking candidates who can work as part of a development team on legendary id game properties like Doom and Quake.After being released way back in 1996, the original game and its four sequels went on to sell over 4 million copies worldwide.With the rebooted Wolfenstein games and now Doom proving so popular, it wouldn t at all be a surprise to see a Quake game reimagined on today s hardware.It s been nine years since the last entry in the franchise – Enemy Terrority: Quake Wars – so we re definitely due a return to the series.
Try these cheeky codes.Paradox InteractiveDiplomacy and exploration are a huge part of the Stellaris experience.Paradox Interactive's real-time strategy sci-fi opus follows the basic tenets of the 4X structure: expand, explore, exploit and exterminate.However, your first few hours spent nursing your civilisation will focus more on politics and resource-gathering than on all-out skirmishes.Stellaris Console Commands list and guideai – Toggles enemy AI on or offcash amount – Adds 5,000 cash by default or specified amountcontact – Toggles contact with other empires on or offcontrol planet ID – Instantly occupy planet if not at war with colonydamage amount – Selected ship takes specified damage amountdemocratic election – Start an electiondeposits – Toggle deposit visibility on or offengineering amount - Adds 5,000 engineering by default or specified amountfast forward value – Jumps forward in-game days by specified valuefinish research – Instantly finishes any active researchftl – enables/disables unlimited FTL travelhuman ai – Toggles AI for human empires on and offinfluence amount - Adds 5,000 influence by default or specified amountinstant build – Instantly finish building active upgrades, ships, stations and buildingsinvincible – God modekill country country ID – Instantly kills entire countryminerals amount - Adds 5,000 minerals by default or specified amountpeace on player country ID – Selected country offers peace to playerphysics amount – Adds 5,000 physics by default or specified amountplanet happiness amount – Selected planet given happiness buffpopulate – Selected planet reaches maximum populationresearch technologies – Instantly finishes any active technology researchresource resource type amount – Adds 5000 to specified resource by default or specified amountskills amount – Adds specified amount of skill to all player leaderssociety amount – Adds 5000 to society by default or specified amountsurvey – Surveys all planetswar on player country ID – Selected country declares war on playerThe 'planet resource' code allows players to gather materials quickly for a specific location.Stellaris Planet Resource Console CommandsThe 'planet resource' command fills random tiles on a selected planet with a definable resource.
And though expanding our knowledge of the subatomic realm remains her main focus, she s acutely aware that she is now a high-visibility role model for women around the world.The range of issues I have to deal with is much broader than before and includes scientific strategy and planning, budget, personnel aspects, relations with a large variety of stakeholders, etc.There is the question of the lack of role models, and there is the question of making workplaces more family friendly.We need to enable parents, men or women, to take breaks to raise families and we need to support parents with infrastructure and facilities.What are your goals for CERN during this period?CERN recently signed a set of agreements with the U.S. outlining U.S. participation in the upgrade of the LHC and CERN participation in neutrino projects at Fermilab in the U.S.
Better-than-binary multi-level memoryMemory could be getting an upgrade beyond the two states used in binary, as researchers have designed a magnetic element with six stable magnetic states, according to a paper published in Applied Physics Letters.They consume less power, allow memory to be written and read at a quicker pace, and last longer."Furthermore, since MRAM is different in its nature from flash, there is no reason that it should suffer from the drawbacks of multi-level-cell flash memory."This technique, known as spin-orbit torque switching, shows that more memory can be packed over a tighter space.Researchers believe that even more magnetic states can be created by adding more layers of magnetic film – crossing four ellipses could give eight magnetic states.The researchers said they would like to "progress towards fabricating a prototype" that would help them "convince the magnetic memory industry to make a shift towards multi-level magnetic memory."
For years, Google has developed a new type of processor, which takes a huge leap forward in performance for machine learning. Since last year, using several of Google's data centers, a new type of processor called Tensor Processing Unit. Tensor is the mathematical generalization of scalars, vectors and linear operators, and is used in fields such as physics, where they make it easier to work with multi-dimensional problems of fluid mechanics. Company president Sundar Pichai said during the opening speech at the I / O conference that these TPU's are up to ten times more efficient per watt than such a GPU for just this kind of calculations. This means that the company has jumped seven years in development, says Pichai. Google has also published a blog post on the new processor.
Get ready, PS4 racers, because the world's best-selling racing game franchise is finally ready to return to our consoles.At a Thursday evening event in London, Polyphony Digital and Sony announced that Gran Turismo Sport will arrive on the PS4 on November 15th.But Gran Turismo fans are probably used to long waits by now given the six long years between GT4 and the lackluster GT5.There are a ton of new photo locations, and you can stage multiple cars in those settings.It's not all gold, however.The footage reveals some rather dodgy looking aliasing at times, as well as some slightly odd-looking floating physics moments.
It will be a significant step forward in performance Lund University now have a new supercomputer. The key, according to Dell has been usability. Among the groups include Astronomy, High Energy Physics, BMC, LBIC and MAX IV, says Jonas Lindemann, director of Lunarc which is Lund University's powerful computing clusters. Aurora based as said on Dell servers, specifically their M630 blade servers with two Intel Xeon 2650v3 Haswell processors. The servers are installed in the M1000e blade chassis and each of them has at least 64 GB of memory and two local disks 1TB. Flops is short for floating point calculations per second, in English: floating-point operations per second.
The Louisiana Board of Regents defines a low-completer program as a major with an average of less than eight graduates annually.I m not sure the Board of Regents agreed, but it didn t cancel us.No one ever got stronger by sitting on the couch.It takes tough exercise.I am of course biased, but I think we have a great group of professors who offer many opportunities to participate in undergraduate research.I know that we the faculty can seem like jerks, but it s done to help you learn and grow.
Photograph: D-WaveEver since Charles Babbage s conceptual, unrealised Analytical Engine in the 1830s, computer science has been trying very hard to race ahead of its time.He conceptualised the possible improvements in speed that might be achieved with a quantum computer.However, they re still limited by their simple binary options.And yet, he added, it remains totally unclear whether you can get to what I d consider true quantum speedup using D-Wave s architecture.This is 108 times faster than some specific classical algorithm on problems designed to be very hard for that algorithm but easy for D-Wave… A claim of 108 speedup is thus very misleading.With conventional computers, creating complex models – such as, for example, the Monte Carlo simulation used in the finance industry to analyse different interest rate scenarios – requires an enormous amount of computing power.
Many of us have a game or two on our mobile phone which help us drown out the hustle and bustle of our daily commute; you may huddle round your tablet to play as a family, or perhaps you're still trying to perfect the Single Ladies routine with the help of one of the many dance games on the market.Given the opportunity, people will play games for hours; not because they are mindless zombies brainwashed into submission, but because they are stimulated into solving difficult problems, learning new skills, and experiencing the pleasure of success.This stimulation can be harnessed for learning, particularly when it comes to the core STEAM subjects of science and technology, engineering, art and maths.For example, to make an explosion within a game, or make a character turn or bounce you need to understand physics; to create a narrative you need a creative grasp of English and logic; to design a world you need artistic skill, and to code you need an understanding of maths.That's why we created the BAFTA Young Game Designers YGD competition for 10-18 year-olds, which gives them the opportunity to not only design their own game, but to see it developed further with professional game developers.Using games provides opportunities for self-learning, but students also need guidance and mentorship, which is why we encourage parents and teachers to explore the benefits of games making and games design with their children or students through the competition.
Dangerous Golf could very well be the next Rocket League-like indie sensation.It should, seeing that Three Fields is a startup with Alex Ward, a cofounder and the creative director of Criterion Games and one of the creators of Burnout, the racing series that features chaotic car crashes and more destruction that what you find at a demolition derby.He and lead game designer Chris Roberts, another Burnout vet the third person on the original s team , recently visited GamesBeat to show off Dangerous Golf, which they re targeting for an early June release.After nearly three years of development, these former triple-A the game industry term for blockbusters creators revealed a startup story about putting their life savings on the line, reveling in the freedom of indie development, and getting a second chance to create something they believe, and working from a studio where lush fields and the woods, not a concrete jungle, is their daily view.You only see golf on TV when they play out of a tree or when they knock it out of a lake.It s Happy Gilmore, Caddyshack, and Tin Cup the climax of the film, Ward notes, is Kevin Costner knocking a trick shot off a portable toilet blended with the Burnout experience, Ward said.It has co-op and multiplayer, too, making it a great party game to play on the couch.Ward and cofounders Fiona Sperry and Paul Ross pooled their life savings, and the families of other team members added some funds.
In need of a quick refresher course on, well, the science of pretty much everything?Here s a cheeky, irreverent summation of the universe in just four minutes from Exub1a, YouTube purveyor of spacey stuff and existential angst.Loosely reminiscent of the classic Powers of Ten motif, the video starts with the Tyrion Lannister of physics, better known as the Planck length— the smallest thing you can sensibly talk about.From there we move through neutrinos, quarks, and those naughty atoms with their kinky threesomes protons, neutrons, and electrons .If that makes you feel very small and insignificant, the video leaves us with this parting shot of wisdom: Nothing means anything and we are all going to die.Bonus, if you re keen on more irreverent but pretty darned accurate physics: A Shit History of Quantum Theory :
That, and the software algorithms developed by Georgia Tech, enables the car to game out over 2,000 projections of where it'll head in the next 2.5 seconds.The system whose specs have been published for general use performs this calculation 60 times a second and puts the power down as soon as possible for maximum velocity.In a paper at the International Conference on Robotics and Automation, the team detailed how the cars – cosponsored by the US Army Research Office – were able to learn how to handle different tracks via trial and error."However, by merging statistical physics with control theory, and utilizing leading-edge computation, we can create a new perspective, a new framework, for control of autonomous systems."While the research may help keep passengers in autonomous cars safe in difficult driving conditions, it'll be of little help in persuading Congress to allow self-driving cars on US roads.So the prospect of digital Top Gear presenters bombing around the roads in chipped robo-cars might not be seen as helpful to the cause.
Without a Tardis, a journey to the center of the Earth might be your best option for travelling to the past.Because of the way gravity warps spacetime, physicists have now calculated that the Earth s core is 2.5 years younger than its surface.This represents s a much more significant time dilation effect than anybody realised.During a lecture at Caltech in the 1960s, the esteemed Richard Feynman first pointed out that the centre of the Earth would be younger than the surface, owing to a fascinating outcome of Einstein s general theory of relativity: clocks run more slowly when positioned closer to a large gravitational mass.Like an internet meme gone so viral that politicians cite it with certitude, that day or two younger figure was repeated in lectures and textbooks the world over.The calculation, they explain in a paper published in the European Journal of Physics, was not intended to besmirch Feynman s reputation, but rather to point out that many numbers scientists accept as fact have murky origins, and really ought to be re-verified from time to time:Scientists must to a large extent rely on the validation of other fellow s work, and it happens to be a psychological default condition among many scientists , that if a famous peer has publicly announced a result, it is accepted at face value.
Well, as Claudiu Stan, from Stanford, explains in a press release, streams of water are often used to deliver samples into the path of laser beams during experiments.Better than using your fingers, I guess.Now, though, the team has developed an ultrafast optical laser system that works a bit like a strobe light, allowing them to acquire clear microscope images at a higher frame rate than before.Stan explains how useful the new results, published in Nature Physics, will prove: Understanding the dynamics of these explosions will allow us to avoid their unwanted effects on samples.It could also help us find new ways of using explosions caused by X-rays to trigger changes in samples and study matter under extreme conditions.And, of course, the videos look pretty cool, too.
Without a Tardis, a journey to the center of the Earth might be your best option for traveling to the past.Because of the way gravity warps spacetime, physicists have now calculated that the Earth s core is 2.5 years younger than its surface.This represents a much more significant time dilation effect than anybody realized.During a lecture at Caltech in the 1960s, the esteemed Richard Feynman first pointed out that the center of the Earth would be younger than the surface, owing to a fascinating outcome of Einstein s general theory of relativity: clocks run more slowly when positioned closer to a large gravitational mass.Like an internet meme gone so viral that politicians cite it with certitude, that day or two younger figure was repeated in lectures and textbooks the world over.The calculation, they explain in a paper published in the European Journal of Physics, was not intended to besmirch Feynman s reputation, but rather to point out that many numbers scientists accept as fact have murky origins, and really ought to be re-verified from time to time:Scientists must to a large extent rely on the validation of other fellow s work, and it happens to be a psychological default condition among many scientists , that if a famous peer has publicly announced a result, it is accepted at face value.
Without a Tardis, a journey to the center of the Earth might be your best option for travelling to the past.Because of the way gravity warps spacetime, physicists have now calculated that the Earth s core is 2.5 years younger than its surface.This represents s a much more significant time dilation effect than anybody realised.During a lecture at Caltech in the 1960s, the esteemed Richard Feynman first pointed out that the centre of the Earth would be younger than the surface, owing to a fascinating outcome of Einstein s general theory of relativity: clocks run more slowly when positioned closer to a large gravitational mass.Like an internet meme gone so viral that politicians cite it with certitude, that day or two younger figure was repeated in lectures and textbooks the world over.The calculation, they explain in a paper published in the European Journal of Physics, was not intended to besmirch Feynman s reputation, but rather to point out that many numbers scientists accept as fact have murky origins, and really ought to be re-verified from time to time:Scientists must to a large extent rely on the validation of other fellow s work, and it happens to be a psychological default condition among many scientists , that if a famous peer has publicly announced a result, it is accepted at face value.
SazzyB via Getty ImagesScientists have put forward an ambitious theory which suggests that by firing giant lasers at clouds, humanity can slow the effects of climate change.What the team propose is that giant, high-intensity lasers are directed at the ice crystals found in cirrus clouds.There is however a small need for some reality, you see even the paper s co-author Mary Matthews has admitted that using lasers on clouds is a long, long, long way in the future.PhotoAlto/Odilon Dimier via Getty ImagesFor starters we need to drastically increase our technology surrounding high-powered, mobile lasers.Secondly there are some concerns from fellow academics that the laser treatment could actually do more harm than good.So while this technology is clearly a long way off we can instead sit back and imagine a world where firing giant lasers at clouds is as normal as a plane flying overhead.
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