(Graz University of Technology) With their expertise in microbiome research, the researchers at the Institute of Environmental Biotechnology were able to demonstrate how a specific bacterium inside the seeds of rice plants effectively and in an eco-friendly way inhibits destructive plant pathogens.
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It is odd because being a key source of livelihood for the vast majority of all Indians, it stays the final priority among students picking a career choice.`BSc in Agriculture is a broad-based class with great possibilities.It deals with matters like food manufacturing, horticulture, animal rearing, rural economy and rural development, environmental health, etc.. Other businesses may face agriculture but agriculture may not fall prey since"meals" is the basic requirement for life.Course prices are also substantially reduced compared to other specialist degrees, while fulfilling great jobs and a much better bundle.Find the best BSC Agri College in Pune for 2020 admission.A student pursuing BSc Agriculture class will examine a huge array of topics such as agronomy, soil sciences, horticulture (fruit science and vegetable), plant breeding and genetics, entomology, plant pathology, animal sciences, extension instruction, plant biochemistry, agriculture economics, principles of biotechnology, etc..The four-year program intends to supply related knowledge, technical skills, and competencies in agriculture.This degree prepares students for a broad array of professions associated with the agriculture sector and other allied businesses.
(American Phytopathological Society) 'Our findings suggest that Kentucky corn growers likely can rely on a more cost-effective single fungicide application at R1 for foliar disease management and improve return on fungicide investment rather than making multiple applications at different times,' said Bradley.
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Biotechnologists from MIPT have developed a method for extracting the active constituents from the fat of black soldier fly larvae. These compounds possess unique antimicrobial properties and can destroy bacteria that cause farm crop diseases and are resistant to antibiotics.
(American Phytopathological Society) 'ClubrootTracker is an interactive tool that will help farmers locate clubroot-infected areas and can be used by farmers, researchers, and industry and government representatives to share the clubroot status of their land,' explained Edel Pérez-López, one of the plant pathologists involved in the development of this tool. 'We believe that the ClubrootTracker will be a gamechanger on the management of clubroot disease both in Canada and worldwide.'
(Cornell University) To better understand how plant pathogens that travel the globe with dust particles might put crops at risk, a Cornell University-led team of scientists will use data from NASA's Earth Observing Satellites to identify areas of potential disease and track plumes of dust that traverse the globe.
(American Phytopathological Society) First spotted in the United States in 2014, bacterial leaf streak of corn is an emerging disease of corn that has now spread to ten states, including the top three corn-producing states of Illinois, Iowa, and Nebraska.
However, there has been one latest addition in this course; the introduction of agriculture science has paved the way for many other career opportunities in this field.The information in the article given below will describe the course curriculum and the importance of this course.Why should you opt for B.Sc Agriculture in Dev Bhoomi Group of Institutions?B.Sc agriculture is a 4-year undergraduate course which focuses mainly on agriculture and all the students interested in this field can opt for such a course.The subjects included in the course are Food Microbiology, Genetics, and Plant Breeding, plant pathology, soil science, agriculture microbiology, etc.This course opens the way for many high paying jobs such as Biochemist, environmental engineer, Bioinformatics sciences, agriculture engineer, and many others.These will open more job opportunities such as teaching and research scientist in this particular field.As an agriculture enthusiast, you can also invent and discover new effective farming techniques and methods after your education and training.The duration of the course is 4 years with a lot of trades to choose from, the students can choose any suitable course and thus decide their career opportunities.This course also provides a lot of opportunities in the government sector, so if you are looking to serve the government then you can always choose this course.Eligibility Criteria-The eligibility criteria for B.Sc agriculture is the most basic qualification that is required in other B.Sc courses.
St. Paul, MN (October, 2019)--Cotton blue disease, caused by Cotton leafroll dwarf virus (CLRDV), was first reported in 1949 in the Central African Republic and then not again until 2005, when it was reported from Brazil.In 2017, cotton blue disease was identified in Alabama, marking the first report in the United States.Plant pathologists discovered foliar distortion and leaf curling and rolling on cotton in six counties in coastal Alabama.They sent samples to University of Arizona plant pathologist Judith K. Brown, who originally suspected the causal agent to be a whitefly-transmitted geminivirus--the only type of virus known to infect cotton in the United States at that time.However, after using the Illumina platform for discovery genomics to conduct next-generation sequencing, Brown determined that the symptoms were characteristic of cotton blue disease.Characteristic symptoms of cotton blue disease include slowed plant growth and loss of chlorophyll, causing the yellowing or dwarfing of infected leaves and/or the entire plant.
The International "Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market" 2019 Report offers a profound analysis of the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) trade.It demonstrates a quick overview of trade knowledge and terminology of the market.The report highlights well known performers from the global And Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market along with their contribution into the marketplace to see their progress at intervals the calculable time.The global Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) investigation report covers recent improvements whereas forecasting the expansion of most players along with their market shares.Get a sample copy of the report- https://www.marketreportsworld.com/enquiry/request-sample/10902481Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), also known as an enzyme immunoassay (EIA), is a biochemical technique used mainly in immunology to detect the presence of an antibody or an antigen in a sample.The ELISA has been used as a diagnostic tool in medicine and plant pathology, as well as a quality-control check in various industries,such as ELISA application in food industry., ,Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market Report Also Covers Marketing Strategy Analysis, Top Manufacturers:R SystemsThermo Fisher ScientificOrtho Clinical DiagnosticsBD BiosciencesZEUS ScientificBio-Rad LaboratoriesALPCOEnzo Life SciencesBioMérieuxEMD MilliporeBioLegendLOEWE BiochemicaMercodiaCusabioShanghai Kehua Bio-engineeringEnzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market Type Segment Analysis:Sandwich ELISAIndirect ELISACompetitive ELISAOthersApplication Segment Analysis:ImmunologyInflammationInfectious DiseasesCancerProtein QuantitationOthersEnzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market Regional Segment Analysis:North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India.Inquire more or share questions if any before the purchasing this report- https://www.marketreportsworld.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/10902481Major Key Contents Covered in Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market:Introduction of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) with development and status.Manufacturing Technology of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) with analysis and trends.Analysis of Global Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) market Key Manufacturers with Company Profile, Product Information, Production Information and Contact Information.Analysis of Global and Chinese Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) market Capacity, Production, Production Value, Cost and ProfitAnalysis Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market with Comparison, Supply, Consumption and Import and Export.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) market Analysis with Market Status and Market Competition by Companies and Countries.2018-2024 Market Forecast of Global Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market with Cost, Profit, Market Shares, Supply, Demands, Import and Export.Trending factors influencing the market shares of APAC, Europe, North America, and ROW?Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market Analysis of Industry Chain Structure, Upstream Raw Materials, Downstream Industry.Buy this report (Price 4480 USD for a single-user license)- https://www.marketreportsworld.com/purchase/10902481This report focuses on the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) in EMEA market, covering Europe, Middle East and AfricaThis report categorizes the market based on manufacturers, regions, type and application.,Table and Figures Covered in This Report:Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market Overview, Scope, Status and Prospect (2014-2024)Global Market Competition by ManufacturersGlobal Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Capacity, Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2014-2018)Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2014-2018)Global Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by TypeGlobal Market Analysis by ApplicationGlobal Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Manufacturers Profiles/AnalysisEnzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Manufacturing Cost AnalysisIndustrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream BuyersMarketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/TradersMarket Effect Factors AnalysisGlobal Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market Forecast (2018-2024)Research Findings and Conclusion Appendix – Methodology/Research Approach, Market Size Estimation, Data Source, Secondary Sources, Primary Sources and Disclaimer.Finally, the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market feasibility of new investment projects is assessed, and overall research conclusions are offered.In a word, the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Market report provides major statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the Market Sales.Browse complete table of contents at - 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Plant diseases, especially those caused by fungal pathogens, jeopardize global crop biosecurity and preventing them requires rapid detection and identification of causal agents.Traditional methods for crop disease diagnosis rely on the expertise of pathologists who can identify diseases by eye, but this approach comes with many limitations, including the reliance on physical appearance of disease symptoms.Also of note, this traditional method does not allow for the rapid identification of unknown pathogens during an outbreak.This limitation was made obvious recently in Bangladesh, when wheat crops were devastated by an invasion of South American races of wheat blast fungus.As wheat is one of the world's most important crops, a group of Australia-based scientists wanted to address this limitation by developing a new method for analyzing pathogen DNA in wheat leaf samples.Using a portable DNA sequencer, they were able to achieve early-stage and broad-range detection of pathogens in wheat--and they were also able to characterize all organisms in the wheat and confirmed the presence of an unexpected diseases not previously diagnosed by pathologists.
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed portable technology that allows farmers to identify plant diseases in the field."All plants release VOCs as they 'breathe,' but the type and concentration of those VOCs changes when a plant is diseased," says Qingshan Wei, an assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering and corresponding author of a paper on the work."Our contribution here is the creation of a device that can be plugged into a smartphone and used to make those VOC measurements quickly in the field," says Wei, who is also a faculty member in NC State's Emerging Plant Disease and Global Food Security cluster."Our technology will help farmers identify diseases more quickly, so they can limit the spread of the disease and related crop damage," says Jean Ristaino, William Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor of Plant Pathology at NC State, co-author of the paper and director of the cluster.The test tube is then capped for at least 15 minutes to allow the relevant VOCs to accumulate.The paper is embedded with an array of chemical reagents that change color when they come into contact with a specific chemical group.
Researchers have developed a new technique that uses microneedle patches to collect DNA from plant tissues in one minute, rather than the hours needed for conventional techniques."When farmers detect a possible plant disease in the field, such as potato late blight, they want to know what it is right away; rapid detection can be important for addressing plant diseases that spread quickly," says Qingshan Wei, an assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at North Carolina State University and co-corresponding author of a paper on the work."One of the obstacles to rapid detection is the amount of time it takes to extract DNA from a plant sample, and our technique provides a fast, simple solution to that problem," Wei says."Some plant diseases have similar leaf symptoms, such as late blight caused by the famed Irish famine pathogen Phytophthora infestans, and Phytophthora blight caused by a sister species P. nicotianae," says Jean Ristaino, William Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor of Plant Pathology at NC State and co-corresponding author of the paper."The gold standard for disease identification is a molecular assay.Our new technique is important because you can't run an amplification or genotyping assay on strains of P. infestans, or any other plant disease, until you've extracted DNA from the sample."
RIVERSIDE, Calif. -- A molecular geneticist at the University of California, Riverside, has secured a four-year grant aimed at halting the spread of a deadly bacterial disease that continues to spread among California's citrus trees.The award of nearly $4 million, which comes from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, will help cure citrus trees affected by huanglongbing disease, or HLB, and protect healthy trees from infection.The research team led by Hailing Jin, the grant's principal investigator, aims to achieve this goal by developing therapeutic and preventive solutions using a novel class of citrus-derived antimicrobial "peptides"-- naturally occurring chains of amino acids found in all living organisms."HLB has no cure so far," said Jin, a professor of microbiology and plant pathology, who holds the Cy Mouradick Endowed Chair at UCR and is a member of the university's Institute for Integrative Genome Biology.These peptides can directly kill the HLB bacteria and inhibit their spread in HLB-affected trees.They can also induce plant immune responses to protect trees from future HLB infection."
RIVERSIDE, Calif. - A team led by a plant pathologist at the University of California, Riverside, has identified a regulatory, genetic mechanism in plants that could help fight bacterial infection."By better understanding this molecular mechanism of regulation, we can modify or treat crops to induce their immune response against bacterial pathogens," said Hailing Jin, a professor of microbiology and plant pathology, who led the research.This process controls the level of the Argonaute protein and its associated small RNAs -- molecules that regulate biological processes by interfering with gene expression.It involves turning off genes, also known as "gene silencing."A previous study in Jin's lab identified that one of 10 Argonaute proteins in Arabidopsis is induced by bacterial infection and contributes to plant immunity -- the higher the level of the protein, the higher the plant immunity.The small RNAs associated with the Argonaute protein are also prevented from accumulating to higher levels, allowing the plant to save energy for growth.
It’s estimated that 100 percent of citrus trees over three-years-old in the state of Florida have an incurable, deadly disease.By the time farmers find out their trees are infected, the best course of action is often to destroy the farm and sell it for real-estate.And a tiny tree-louse called the Asian citrus psyllid is to blame.It spreads a disease called Huanglongbing (HLB) (yellow dragon disease) that affects citrus trees.In the US it’s called “citrus greening disease” and it’s cost growers in Florida an estimated $7 billion in revenue.That means if you have three grapefruit trees in your backyard, you need to go check each one.
URBANA, Ill. - When humans get bacterial infections, we reach for antibiotics to make us feel better faster.For decades, farmers have been spraying streptomycin on apple and pear trees to kill the bacteria that cause fire blight, a serious disease that costs over $100 million annually in the United States alone.But just like in human medicine, the bacteria that cause fire blight are becoming increasingly resistant to streptomycin.That's why a group of scientists from the University of Illinois and Nanjing Agricultural University in China are studying two new antibiotics--kasugamycin and blasticidin S--while there's still time.If bacteria develop resistance later on, we will know more about how to attack the problem," says Youfu Zhao, associate professor of plant pathology in the Department of Crop Sciences at U of I, and co-author on a new study published in Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions.The bacterium that causes fire blight, Erwinia amylovora, is a relative of E. coli, a frequently tested model system for antibiotic sensitivity and resistance.
Over the last decade, Florida's famous citrus industry has been battered by a disease called citrus greening, which has destroyed acres of crops and cost untold billions in revenue.Their efforts are supported by a $1.2 million gift from Cutrale, one of the largest suppliers of orange juice in the world.Citrus greening (or the Chinese "Huanglongbing"), is caused by a bacterium transmitted from tree to tree by the Asian citrus psyllid, an insect that feeds on the leaves and stems of citrus trees.Diseased trees produce green and stunted fruit; eventually, the bacterium, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, can kill entire groves of trees.The CSU team is led by Thomas Borch, a professor in the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences with joint appointments in civil engineering and chemistry."We know that the insects transfer the pathogens to the citrus trees," Borch said.
Scientists at Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) and the National Engineering Research Center for Vegetables in Beijing have sequenced the genomes of two important pumpkin species, Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita moschata."Pumpkins are used as a staple food in many developing countries and are cultivated all over the world for their culinary and ornamental uses," said Zhangjun Fei, associate professor at BTI, Cornell adjunct associate professor of plant pathology and a senior author of the paper.Over two-thirds of the world's pumpkins, squash and gourds are produced in Asia alone.The researchers sequenced the two different pumpkin species to better understand their contrasting desirable traits: Cucurbita moschata is known for its resistance to disease and other stresses, such as extreme temperatures, while C. maxima is better known for its fruit quality and nutrition.Growers will cut the pumpkin seedling from its roots, and fuse the stems of other cucurbits onto it, giving them strong, resistant roots to grow from.Once deciphered, the genome sequences are an important resource for further scientific research and breeding of Cucurbita crops.
Slicing into the green skin of a Hawaiian papaya ordinarily yields juicy, salmon-colored fruit that's almost custard-like in its consistency and sweetness.But in the early 1990s, one Hawaiian farmer instead found bits of whitish, dried-out flesh in his recently harvested fruit.It was a sign of trouble for hundreds of Hawaiian papaya farmers who, for the next several years, would lose field after field of their crop — altogether an $11-million dollar industry.In 1992, Dennis Gonsalves, a plant pathologist at Cornell University who grew up in the region most acutely affected by the virus, came up with a wild idea to stop it.To do it, Gonsalves and two other scientists (his wife Carol Gonsalves and David R. Lee) opened up the papaya genome and carefully inserted a gene from the ring spot virus into its genetic code.The Gonsalves' crops blossomed across farms that had been decimated by the virus.
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