Two spacecraft drifted closer to one another far above planet Earth, as they prepared to dock.USA Cap Com-Huston: Go ahead.The plot concerned a NASA mission in which a US spacecraft ran into problem.The three crew members on board were saved by a Soviet mission also in orbit.It is planned that the first experimental flight to test these systems be conducted during 1975, envisaging the docking of a United States Apollo-type spacecraft and a Soviet Soyuz-type spacecraft with visits of astronauts in each other s spacecraft.The implementation of these projects will be carried out on the basis of principles and procedures which will be developed in accordance with the summary of results of the meeting between representatives of the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the USSR Academy of Sciences on the question of developing compatible systems for rendezvous and docking of manned spacecraft and space stations of the USA and the USSR dated April 6, 1972.
Amid the clamour over genetically modified crops, there s an underlying point that s still being missed: nobody really knows what constitutes a genetically modified crop.A new report from the National Academies of Sciences attempts to synthesise more than 900 existing research studies on GM crops into a single analysis.Attempts to determine what is and isn t a GM crop have yet to come up with any clear definition of where to draw the line.Many of the resulting hybrids like broccoli or bananas have been around for so long that they rarely trip the GM alarm.It s this blurred distinction that the report s authors cite when making their ultimate recommendation to evaluate GM crops as individual products, not as a technological process.The truth is that food safety for any crop needs to be monitored at every point in the supply chain — in the field, in the packing plants, and in our kitchens and restaurants.
Spraying the wheat crops with pesticide could be a thing of the past if EU gets current with scienceIn a rebuke to the EU, and environmental activists worldwide, the biggest scientific metastudy yet conducted of genetically modified foods concludes they re good for human health and the environment.The National Academics of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, an advisory body of scientists, finds no evidence of risks over conventional crops, and huge benefits in the shape of increased yields in poor countries, and healthier crops.More resilient GM foods reduce reliance on pesticides.Since then, it s merely tried to strangle them by heavy regulation, giving member states the right to impose their own obstacles in the shape of temporary bans so much for single market harmonisation .Paul Dacre s Frankenfoods campaign, and the media s promotion of work by the now discredited scientist Árpád Pusztai were instrumental in fuelling revulsion against GM crops.Greenpeace co-founder Patrick Moore now promotes vitamin A-fortified blindness-fighting Golden Rice, which Western NGOs are attempting to restrict in the countries that most need it.
Illustration by Tara JacobyAmidst the clamor over genetically modified crops, there s an underlying point that s still being missed: Nobody really knows what constitutes a genetically modified crop.A new report from the National Academies of Sciences attempts to synthesize more than 900 existing research studies on GM crops into a single analysis.Attempts to determine what is and isn t a GM crop have yet to come up with any clear definition of where to draw the line.Many of the resulting hybrids like broccoli or bananas have been around for so long that they rarely trip the GM alarm.It s this blurred distinction that the report s authors cite when making their ultimate recommendation to evaluate GM crops as individual products, not as a technological process.The truth is that food safety for any crop needs to be monitored at every point in the supply chain—in the field, in the packing plants, and in our kitchens and restaurants.
Genetically modified crops have a controversial history, especially when it comes to deciding whether or not the foods are safe — for the environment and for our health.The crops, which have been around since the 1980s, have been studied at length, and a new report out Tuesday from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine found that GMO crops aren't posing any greater risk to the environment compared with regular crops.It also found "no evidence" that they "are less safe to eat than conventional food.Here's what you need to know about the 400-page report:GMOs and safety: There have been concerns that genetically engineered crops could have an effect on everything from allergies to cancer.But the report said that they found no evidence of an increase or decrease in health problems once GMO foods were introduced in the 1990s.GMOs and the environment: The report found that there was actually some benefit to non-GMO crops that were near other genetically modified counterparts because of fewer insects, though the report also observed increased herbicide resistance in weeds.More generally, thet found "no conclusive evidence of cause-and-effect relationships between GE crops and environmental problems."Farmers' wallets: Farmers using genetically modified crops generally had a more positive economic benefit even though they didn't necessarily get a bigger crop yield.Overall, the report lends more support to the idea that we can still do more research into GMOs and their effects, and suggested regulatory agencies should actively be addressing newer GMO technologies.
Most 3D printers print layers over and over again until a full object takes shape.The machine uses a high-intensity laser that heats tiny silver nanoparticles to form metallic shapes.The 3D-printing technique was developed by a team of Harvard researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.The key to unlocking this new approach to printing metal was balancing the intensity of the laser and its proximity to the nozzle.This kind of delicate metal printing is particularly useful because of its freeform capabilities.The filament can be shaped into virtually any type of metal structure, which researchers expect will be useful in developing wearables, sensors, and even circuitry parts.
Photo: SCMP PicturesIn the Chinese research community, Dr Han Chunyu was a nobody , at least by the yardstick of funding.Despite the lack of backing, Han has broken into the global spotlight.The research was published early this month in Nature Biotechnology and it quickly became one of the most viewed new articles, according to Nature.com, the website of the journal s publisher.Over the last 10 years, we ve witnessed that the growth of Chinese-authored articles as the highest in the world, making China the second highest global producer of scholarly articles after the US, said Jason Chan, regional director of global communications at Elsevier in Singapore.Most scientists, however, still work at relatively small universities or research institutes with limited budgets.The rapid increase in the number of PhD graduates and the limited number of posts at first-tier research institutes has caused an obvious spillover effect.
The campaign no less than every other car windscreen to found any comments. held in the winter windshield campaign was revised total of 3200 cars. Campaign organizers keep the results are alarming: about half of the glass panes called for action and the other half was okay. The results of the various localities were very similar. A motorist received a review of its own report, which highlighted issues relating to the windscreen shape, such as whether their windshields to stone chips, cracks or whether it is worn. The campaign was organized by Automotive Services, Saint-Gobain Autover, Autoliitto and the Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi together with the Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences in Turku, Tampere University of Applied Sciences and the University of Oulu.
For the first time, the top five non-financial U.S. companies with the most cash are in tech.With $216 billion in cash at the end of 2015, Apple tops them all — as it has since 2009, according to a Moody s Investors Service report released Friday.Apple s cash hoard, plus that of Microsoft, Google, Cisco and Oracle, makes up 30 percent, or $504 billion, of all non-financial U.S. companies cash.In addition, the tech industry accounted for $777 billion of the total $1.68 trillion in cash held by U.S. companies at the end of last year.The total cash holdings rose 1.8 percent from the previous year.While the concentration of cash among the top-rated cash holders continues to grow, so too has the portion held by the technology sector, which accounts for a record 46 percent of total cash in 2015, up from 41 percent in 2014, Richard Lane, a Moody s senior vice president, said in a statement.Other tech and Silicon Valley companies in the top 50 include Intel, Gilead Sciences, Facebook, Amazon, Qualcomm, eBay, Hewlett-Packard and Yahoo.Here comes the but: The report also looked at the cash these companies are holding overseas, and it s a lot: $1.2 trillion, or 72 percent.Here s a look at the top five s numbers.Apple and other big U.S. tech companies have been criticized over how much money they keep overseas, but don t expect that to change anytime soon.The other top cash-holding industries are healthcare/pharmaceuticals, consumer products and energy, according to the report.Another highlight: Capital spending fell 3 percent to $885 billion in 2015 after five years of gains.
Today, Google has appealed against a French ruling that it says would open it up to being ordered to remove worldwide content from its sites at the order of any government, the World Health Organisation has classed yellow fever outbreaks in Angola and DRC as "a serious public health event", a new rodent study indicates that strong antibiotics can stop brain cell growth in the hippocampus and more.However, in its appeal against the deletion order and accompanying €100,000 £76,000 fine, Google argues that doing so would set a precedent for the global enforcement of laws passed in any country.Tiny drone insect is small enough to land on a leafResearchers from Harvard University's Microbiotics Lab and School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed a new method of allowing insect-sized drones to perch on walls, leaves and other surfaces using electrostatic forces to hold them in place Gizmodo .BACtrack's Skyn sensor is worn like a wristwatch and measures its wearer's blood alcohol on a minute-by-minute basis, sending data from its skin sensor back to a paired smartphone and app.Unearthed Sega internal training video is perfect 90s throwbackA 1996 training video for game testers at Sega of America captures a remarkable slice of both gaming history and US culture in the mid-90s Eurogamer .Popular on WIRED.co.ukGaza Strip iOS game isn't a game, says AppleApple has rejected a game influenced by the Palestinian-Israeli conflict from the App Store, saying its political themes mean it is not a game.
Sarin nerve gas used in a terrorist attack in the Tokyo subway 1995. Progress has been made in the search for new drugs against poisoning by nerve agents such as sarin, according to a study from the Swedish Defence Research Agency, Umeå University and researchers in Germany. - We have made a breakthrough discovery that opens up great opportunities for future research to develop new antidotes against nerve gas poisoning, says Anna Linusson, professor at the Department of Chemistry at Umeå University, the Echo on Swedish Radio. The volatile nerve agent sarin symptoms including shortness of breath, vomiting, and visual disturbances. The researchers have now been able to show how the nerve gas can be removed from the affected protein acetylcholinesterase. The study is published in the US journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
China was home to advanced beer-brewing techniques 5,000 years ago, a new study suggests, and it may have been the reason barley was imported and established in the region.Researchers have reached their conclusion based on the analysis of pottery vessel remnants with ancient beer residue inside; this ancient beer recipe includes millet, Job s tears, tubers, and barley in the ingredients.The study, published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, details the residue found in pottery containers that, based on their shape, were most likely used to brew beer.The pottery was discovered in central China, and have been dated back to about 5,000 years.The aforementioned ingredients were brewed together, according to the study; the researchers say their analysis indicates that China had advanced beer-brewing thousands of years ago, and that barley was brought from Western Eurasia into China s Central Plain for the purpose of brewing, only later on being part of the nation s subsistence agriculture a couple thousand years later.This isn t the first booze-related discovery, of course.
photographer: All Over Press The bill for a rapid phasing out of nuclear power may be even higher than Waterfalls previously warned, writes Dagens Industri. - Even if the remaining six reactors closed in 2020 instead of going all over their estimated useful life, as it leads to additional costs to society of at least 200 billion, says Karin Byman, energy expert at the Academy of Engineering Sciences IVA to the newspaper. According to Vattenfall's own calculation would cost to land at most 200 billion. IVA also believes the cost of increased carbon dioxide emissions would increase by around SEK 500 million, as during a transitional period may need to replace nuclear power with imported fossil fuels from Poland and Germany. IVA's calculation has been made together with Runar Brännlund, professor of economics, to give political parties a basis for decisions.
The Hewlett Packard Enterprise logo seen at its headquarters in Palo Alto, CaliforniaHewlett-Packard Enterprise will spin off its enterprise services business and merge it with IT services company CSC in a surprise move announced Tuesday.It expects to close the deal by March 2017.Now, HPE is slicing itself up further, betting again that a smaller core company will be able to move faster and attract new business in a world increasingly dominated by the cloud.HPE shareholders will own approximately 50 percent of the new, combined company.The remaining board of directors will be nominated half by HPE and half by CSC.Merging the services businesses will lead to cost savings of about $1 billion in the first year, HPE said, though there will also be costs involved in spinning off its services division.
Hewlett Packard Enterprise is the former H-P business that focuses on corporate technology customers.Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co. said it would spin off most of its technology services operations and merge them with those of Computer Sciences Corp., the company s latest adjustment to a shifting landscape that is roiling the market for corporate technology.The deal, a blockbuster follow-up to the breakup of Hewlett-Packard Co. last fall, will create a corporate technology services specialist that will be led by Computer Sciences executives and have about $26 billion in annual revenue, the companies said.The move is evidence of ongoing turmoil in the corporate computing market as corporate spending tightens and traditional data centers give way to cloud computing.Customers must decide whether to opt for cloud services, maintain conventional data centers, or build their own private cloudlike facilities—a business especially targeted by HP Enterprise.HP Enterprise, like others that sell products to corporate customers, has been hurt by lackluster demand, currency exchange issues and other headwinds.
CSC Chief Executive Officer Mike Lawrie will lead the new company.Shares of HP Enterprise, which also reported better-than-estimated second-quarter earnings, jumped 11 percent in extended trading, and CSC stock surged 23 percent.HP Enterprise CEO Meg Whitman has been pushing to streamline her company by freeing it from sluggish businesses in tough industries.After shedding the personal-computer and printer business last year with the breakup of computing giant Hewlett-Packard Co., she s now exiting the market for outsourced technology services and consulting.CSC, whose main business is services, will add HP Enterprise s existing customers, and the deal is expected to generate $1 billion in cost savings in its first year, the companies said.Whitman will have a seat on the new company s board, which will be split evenly between directors nominated by each company, HP Enterprise said in a statement.For HP Enterprise, the deal unwinds an expansion Hewlett-Packard made in 2008, when the company purchased Electronic Data Systems for about $13 billion.Separately, HP Enterprise said fiscal second-quarter profit excluding certain items was 42 cents a share, on revenue of $12.7 billion.Analysts on average had projected profit of 42 cents on sales of $12.3 billion, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.That compares with an average estimate of 48 cents.Revenue in the Enterprise Group, HP Enterprise s largest unit, posted a 7 percent gain from a year earlier to $7 billion.
It all started because Amy Karle wanted to grow her own exoskeleton.But after experimenting with 3D printing bones during an artist residency program through Autodesk's Pier 9 workshop in San Francisco, she set her sights on something a little smaller and more intimate.But both of those options raised safety issues, so she and the scientists settled for using human mesenchymal stem cells, extracted from bone marrow of course you can order human stem cells online .Currently, Karle is culturing the cells, and the next step in her project will be to grow them on the hand trellis.She's studied skeletal structures at the California Academy of Sciences in order to produce her own alien-esque vertebrae and skulls.She has also grown crystals out of a lattice, in abstract imitation of what it's like to grow flesh on a tissue trellis.
In 2014, Hewlett-Packard announced that it was splitting into two separate companies: Hewlett Packard Enterprise, selling servers and enterprise services, and HP Inc, selling PCs and printers.The low-margin outsourced IT services business, which HP got into with its $14 billion acquisition of EDS in 2008, is to be merged with Computer Sciences Corp CSC to create a new company currently known only as SpinCo.Additionally, the merger will see some $2.5 billion in debt moved to SpinCo's books.Even before the split, Whitman announced plans to replace 60 percent of its IT service staff from the US and Europe with cheaper workers in Costa Rica, the Philippines, Bulgaria, and India, in an effort to boost profitability.The division has seen its annual revenue decline for a number of years; it's currently around $20 billion, a $4 billion decrease from 2011.The remaining HPE will continue to sell servers, storage, and network gear, with annual revenue of around $32 billion.
Breaking up is not hard to doMark Lawrie of CSC and Meg Whitman of HPE in the video announcing the merger of their services operationsHP Enterprise HPE has spun out its enterprise services business into CSC, creating an entity with US26bn of revenue.Which we think translates as Good luck using the merger as an excuse to get out of or heavily modify your current services contracts even if you hate CSC and HPE.Whitman says sloughing off services means the company can focus on secure, next generation, software-defined infrastructure that leverages a … portfolio of servers, storage, networking, converged infrastructure, as well as our Helion Cloud platform and software assets.The company also wants to make a play for IT at the edge with … Aruba and computing products for campus, branch and Internet of Things applications.Yet surely the advent of cloud and global talent pools means the your mess for less proposition is fading fast.HPE also announces its second quarter results on Wednesday, US time.
It will soon become the first nation to launch the world's first quantum communication satellite in space, when the rocket takes off in July.China specifically developed the satellite to help it securely send and receive data by achieving quantum communication between space and earth.China's satellite is slated to enable transmission of data without the fear of it being intercepted by a third party."There are many bottlenecks in the information security," said Pan Jianwei of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, who is the chief scientist of the project."The Edward Snowden case has told us that the information in the transmission networks are exposed to risks of being monitored and being attacked by hackers."Jianwei spoke about the impending launch of the satellite at a seminar in Shanghai, in which he also claimed that the launch would prove China to be the world leader in establishing successful quantum communication, the Mirror reported.