NUST MISIS scientists together with JSC "Shchelkovo Plant of Secondary Precious Metals" developed an innovative cascade method for purifying silver from spent batteries used in submarines and military aircraft.Secondary use of pure precious metal from one such battery can help saving up to 500 million RUR for creating a new one.In some versions of submarines and military fighters, huge alkaline batteries weighing about 14 tons, capable of operating up to 12 years uninterruptedly, are used as an electro-chemical energy source.Each of these devices uses 7 tons of pure silver plates, which, after being spent in terms of energy resource, goes to refineries (industrial processing of precious metals), where it is purified and prepared for reuse.Recycling of such heavy-duty "strategic" batteries in 100% of cases falls into the sphere of state defense order, as the resulting silver is used for the manufacture of new batteries in the interests of the Russian Navy.The required quality of the metal from which the raw material for the battery is produced is strictly regulated by GOST (state standards), and the purity of silver should not be lower than 99.99%.
The caterpillars of Lymantria dispar or Gypsy Moth are voracious eaters capable of defoliating entire forests.Sometimes they can even make harm for coniferous forests.Gypsy Moths are widely spread in Europe, Asia and Northern America.There are several ways to control the population of these critters.However, the main problem is that the insect sprays, which are ordinarily used to get rid of Gypsy Moths, influence differently on male and female caterpillars.Recently, researchers from the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Tomsk State University and Novosibirsk State University have developed a quick and effective method for the identification of the Gypsy Moth caterpillars' sex, which was challenging enough.
A good chunk of regular coffee drinkers know that coffee isn’t just great at getting them awake in the morning – it also makes them get up and need a poo.Their preliminary results, presented this weekend at a research conference aptly named Digestive Disease Week, seem to reaffirm a suspicion that coffee’s poo-making prowess has nothing to do with caffeine.Coffee might also kill off bacteria found in our guts.Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston fed their rats a tiny cup of joe for three days straight, with different groups getting both caffeinated and decaf coffee.Then, the researchers checked the downstairs plumbing of the rats with a physical examination and probe, focusing on the muscles that contract and help guide food (and eventually waste) through the gut.Their results were clear: muscles in the small and large intestine were more able to contract post-coffee, meaning things could move faster along the gut.
When faced with hard questions about how Facebook will remove terrorist content from its platforms, CEO Mark Zuckerberg offers a simple answer: artificial intelligence will do it.But according to Facebook’s chief AI scientist, Yann LeCun, AI is years away from being able to fully shoulder the burden of moderation, particularly when it comes to screening live video.Speaking at an event at Facebook’s AI Research Lab in Paris last week, LeCun said Facebook was years away from using AI to moderate live video at scale, reports Bloomberg News.“This problem is very far from being solved,” said LeCun, who was recently awarded the Turing Prize, known as the Nobel Prize of computing, along with other AI luminaries.Screening live video is a particularly pressing issue at a time where terrorists commit atrocities with the aim of going viral.Facebook’s inability to meet this challenge became distressingly clear in the aftermath of the Christchurch shooting in New Zealand this year.
It's also an effort by Facebook to establish itself as a leader in artificial intelligence, a title that rivals like Google and Apple, among others, are also vying for.The social media giant unveiled three robotics projects that it hopes will contribute to solving the ongoing challenge of building artificial intelligence systems that don't have to rely on large quantities of labeled data to learn new information."The real world is messy, it's difficult," Roberto Calandra, a research scientist in Facebook's AI division said when speaking to Business Insider."The world is not a perfect place; it's not neat.So the fact that we are trying to develop algorithms that work on real robots [will] help to create [AI] algorithms that, generally speaking, are going to be more reliable, more robust, and that are going to learn faster.""The idea is that hopefully we can obtain performance where the robot, without any prior knowledge about the world or what it means to walk, can learn to walk in a natural way within a few hours," said Calandra.
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Scientists created a variant of the E. coli bacteria with an entirely synthetic genome, according to a new paper.They hoped that the resulting bacteria would use a reduced number of possible DNA base pair combinations in order to produce the 20 amino acids.In the future, the now-obsolete sequences might be used to produce never-before-seen amino acids and proteins.The thrust of the paper wasn’t just to rebuild a bacteria’s genetic code, but to simplify redundancies in order to have more genetic code to work with to create custom genomes.Genetic code is written in four letters: A, T, C, and G, which represent the molecules adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine.These nucleotides can arrange into 64 three-letter “codons,” most of which correspond to an amino acid, the building blocks of the proteins that allow life to function.
Every week, Parrot Analytics provides Business Insider the most in-demand original TV shows on streaming services.Hulu's "The Handmaid's Tale" has seen a spark after a new trailer for its upcoming third season debuted earlier this month.The data is based on " demand expressions," the globally standardized TV demand measurement unit from Parrot Analytics.Discovery joining forces with Captain Christopher Pike on a new mission to investigate seven mysterious red signals and the appearance of an unknown being called the Red Angel.It gave in to every one of the show's most tedious instincts, substituting slow stares and endless montage sequences for any actual development or new interiority.Description: "DOOM PATROL reimagines one of DC's most beloved groups of Super Heroes: Robotman aka Cliff Steele (BRENDAN FRASER), Negative Man aka Larry Trainor (MATT BOMER), Elasti-Woman aka Rita Farr (APRIL BOWLBY) and Crazy Jane (DIANE GUERRERO), led by modern-day mad scientist Niles Caulder aka The Chief (TIMOTHY DALTON).
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There are few software programs whose existence are so essential to some fields that they’ve become virtually synonymous in their industry.Spotify is the reigning king of the music streaming industry, Salesforce rules CRM, and MATLAB is the preferred tool in engineering and advanced sciences.As such, those who wish to improve their career prospects as an engineer or scientist should consider the Complete MATLAB Mastery Bundle.Learn how to use one of the industry’s most relied-upon data analysis tools for only $27.Master one of the industry's most reliable data analysis tools.For the uninitiated, MATLAB, at its core, is just a giant calculator.
I still remember the first time I tasted octopus.After an exhausting day reporting the troubles in Puerto Rico post-Hurricane Maria, Gizmodo video producer Raúl Marrero and I headed to a seaside restaurant where I tried ensalada de pulpo as an appetiser.What I didn’t know, then, was that scientists have been exploring the intricacies of octopuses’ brains and learning just how intelligent they are.Now, researchers are making me think twice—again!—about eating octopus as they make the case against octopus farms in a new essay published in the latest edition of Issues in Science and Technology.This time, they’re highlighting the potential environmental impact of octopus farms as countries like Spain and Japan start looking into the idea—and even preparing to open an octopus farm by next year.After all, the animals grow fast and live just a few years.
A NASA scientist-turned-biohacker celebrity and entrepreneur—who has won over mad scientists around the world for his anti-establishment science advocacy—is reportedly being investigated for practising medicine without a license.Josiah Zayner has gained a following through his various publicised experiments, including injecting his forearm with CRISPR and performing a DIY faecal transplant meant to treat his digestive issues.His company, The Odin, aims to make genetic engineering more accessible to garage researchers.At a 2017 gathering of biohackers in 2017, Zayner explained his ethos by quoting form the 1986 “Hacker Manifesto.” “Yes I am a criminal,” he read, comparing himself to the hackers of yore.“And my crime is that of curiosity.”It seems the US state of California is currently considering whether it agrees with part of that sentiment.
Scientists explore the limits of physics by pumping energy into components of atoms, such as electrons and protons, accelerating them to nearly the speed of light, and slamming the beams of particles together in hopes of discovering something new.In fact, the main sounds of particle accelerators come from all of the machinery: engines designed to keep components at cryogenic temperatures, fans whirring in supercomputing sensors, and water rushing through pipes to keep electronics cool.“During the most extreme events, we can hear the aftereffects of the quench above the ground...In that case, what you hear is a rushing of air.”Particle accelerators require many different components to create, accelerate, and collide beams of particles.Powerful superconducting magnets keep the beams in place, aligning and focusing them.
Scientists at Zhejiang University in China have developed a new high-tech glue that’s capable of efficiently healing damage to organs, including the heart.While it hasn’t been tested on humans, the groundbreaking adhesive gel has been successfully demonstrated in animal tests involving pigs.In a proof-of-concept demonstration, scientists used a needle to puncture a small hole in the left ventricle of the animals’ hearts.Not only was the glue able to quickly stop the bleeding, but an examination of the animals two weeks later showed no signs that the glue had leaked and very little inflammation of the wounds.The special glue is created from a mixture of water and polymers.The result is a protein-inspired viscous gel, which is then activated using ultraviolet (UV) light.
New Horizons mission scientists have released the first peer-reviewed results from their study of 2014 MU69, demonstrating just how “pristine” this object is.(486958) 2014 MU69, nicknamed Ultima Thule, appears to be a pair of rocks squished together, each around 10 miles across.It seems to have remained relatively unaltered from the solar system’s earliest era, and it already presented some surprises when the New Horizon spacecraft transmitted its first images back – and now, those first results are published and vetted.“We’re just getting to the point where we can catch our breath.”Astronomer Marc Buie discovered the pixel-wide MU69 using the Hubble Space Telescope in 2014, and New Horizons scientists set their spacecraft’s sights on the object after a successful campaign taking images of the dwarf planet Pluto.The object is a cold classical Kuiper Belt object, meaning it orbits the Sun in a relatively circular, unperturbed orbit.
Cast your mind forward, five, 10, 30 years.What will the future of the ultra-connected smart city be like?Glad you asked, because Infinite Detail is as good an exploration of the promises and fears of the next decade as you're likely to read.Tim Maughan, a journalist for Vice/Motherboard, New Scientist and the BBC, joins us on the podcast to discuss his novel Infinite Detail.We talk about what scares him about smart cities, the possibilities and pitfalls of augmented reality, and a lot more.Set in both a creepily frictionless New York City of the deep-surveillance near-future and a rebellious anti-surveillance community in Bristol, UK called The Croft, Infinite Detail also jumps back and forth in time.
Begbugs are one of the parasites that people find most disturbing, right up there with head lice.Scientists thought for a long time that the first hosts for parasitic bedbugs were bats indicating that bedbugs had been around for 50-60 million years.New research shows that bedbugs are much older than previously thought and may have crawled the planet with the dinosaurs.Researchers from an international team, including scientists from the University of Sheffield, have compared the DNA of dozens of bedbug species.The goal of the research was to understand the evolutionary relationships within the group as well as their relationship with humans.The team found that bedbugs are older than bats and evolved some 50 million years before bats arrived.
Scientists in China have released an important first set of results from the Chang’e 4 lunar lander, revealing what appears to be material from the Moon’s mantle on its far side.China’s Chang’e 4 mission touched down on the Moon’s far side in January, a first for humanity, with a goal of answering some of these questions.These results provide the first observations from the Yutu 2 rover’s Visible and Near Infrared Spectrometer as it traverses the Moon’s South Pole-Aitken basin.The findings offer a window into both the ancient Moon as well as ancient Earth.Theories suggest the Moon’s mantle formed as lighter material floated to the surface of a “magma ocean” while heavier material sank, study authors Bin Liu and Chunlai Li from the Chinese Academy of Sciences told Gizmodo in an email.The Chang’e 4 lander successfully touched down on the moon on January 3 of this year, and both the lander and its rover began taking data.
Scientists warned last week that a million species could go extinct, and it’s all our fault.Some solutions are better than others for saving nature, though.For this week’s Giz Asks, we asked scientists, including authors of the bombshell extinction report, about the most important actions society can take today to avert catastrophe.But if you want to know what will make a difference and what our mindset should be, these are the biggies according to science.Co-Chair of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES, the group that wrote the report) and biologist at National University of Cordoba, ArgentinaWe should realise that that nature underpins all aspects of our life, so we are not truly ourselves without it.
Since the 80s, fighting games have been a raucous good time, a way to blow off some steam while digitally beating an AI opponent to smithereens.In the VR world though, these same characters might one day fight back — physically.James Bruton, a robotics engineer and YouTube creator, teamed up with a group of students from the University of Portsmouth to create a robot that fights back when provoked.It’s a thing we’ve all dreamed about since childhood — a robot that hits back during fighting games — but after seeing it, I’m not so sure I still want one.The robot is powered by an Arduino Mega interface and trackers from HTC’s Vive headset.It has robotic wheels, mounted to a wooden base, and pneumatic arms meant for beating the shit out of human foes.