Microdata from Swedish population registers provide new insights into cities' economic growth paths.The data reveal a surge in regional inequality, with more and more resources flowing to cities atop the urban hierarchy, which thus acquire an increasing share of national wealth.Cities of different sizes are seen as scaled copies of one another, expected to go through similar lifecycles of socioeconomic growth - only in different historical epochs.In this perspective, cities follow parallel growth trajectories and, as an urban system grows in wealth and people, the relative inequality between cities remains stable.The notion that cities grow completely in parallel appears empirically ill-founded as it is derived from datasets that only cover larger metropolitan areas.It misses out on small towns, many of which face a struggling economy and sustained out-migration of young and educated individuals", says Dr Marc Keuschnigg who is an Associate Professor at Linkoping University's Institute for Analytical Sociology.
The more oblong, poppy seed-sized male slowly puttered his way over to the female and seemed, from my vantage point, to give her a horizontal bearhug.For some six years at NCSU, as a fledgling scientist and currently postdoctoral researcher, DeVries has cut his teeth studying the pests that plague our homes, focusing on the common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) and the German cockroach (Blattella germanica).His work has ranged from studying how bed bugs learned to fight off the chemical weapons that almost wiped them out to showing how worthless bug bombs are at clearing out a cockroach infestation.The unglamorous and grimy research done by urban entomologists like DeVries highlights the remarkable, annoying resilience of these pests.Once at the lab, I could understand the lack of fuss.They have a keen sense of smell highly tuned to our body odour and the carbon dioxide we breathe out; a limited but useful vision that can spot dark colours where it’s likely to be safer; and pheromones they emit to signal to other bugs that a location is good enough to bunch into.
Infarm, a Germany-based startup that distributes “modular farms” to grocery stores and other urban locations, has raised $100 million in a series B round of equity and debt funding led by Atomico, with participation from existing investors including Balderton Capital, Cherry Ventures, Astanor Ventures, and TriplePoint Capital.The CO2 emissions produced by growing, farming, and transporting food around the world is significant, with some estimates pegging the food footprint (“foodprint”) at around one-quarter of the total global greenhouse gas emissions.By creating a system of vertical micro-farms in cities, which entails producing food indoors within a stack of glass cases in a controlled environment, Infarm is pushing to reduce the environmental burden that food production has on the planet.Founded out of Berlin in 2013 by Osnat Michaeli alongside brothers Erez and Guy Galonska, Infarm has partnered with a number of food retailers across Europe, including Amazon Fresh, Metro, Edeka, Migros, Casino, Auchan, and Intermarche to install vertical indoor farms inside their outlets.Infarm said that its technology is designed to be built and distributed in any available space, and there is no need for a centralized warehouse or other infrastructure setup costs.The farms can be found in restaurant kitchens, supermarket aisles, and warehouses, and are designed to scale and make cities self-sufficient in producing their own plant-based food.
By 2050, the world will be home to nearly 10 billion people, some 2.5 billion more than the planet’s population today — and two-thirds of those will live in cities.The need to optimize urban living environments is why Norwegian startup Spacemaker is building what it calls “the world’s first commercial platform that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to help architects, urban planners, and developers make better decisions faster,” according to company cofounder and CEO Håvard Haukeland.Spacemaker today announced a $25 million round of funding co-led by Atomico and Northzone, with participation from a host of industry investors, including Nordic property developers NREP and Obos — which also happen to be Spacemaker clients — and U.K. real estate tech fund Round Hill Ventures.Founded out of Oslo in 2016, Spacemaker has created simulation software that manages the computational side of designing structural layouts in multi-building residential developments, allowing architects and designers to focus on the creative side.“With Spacemaker, they can, for the first time, generate and assess billions of possible solutions to multi-building residential development design in only hours.”The platform, which is available via a monthly subscription, can optimize a layout based on any number of prerequisites, from maximizing sun exposure to minimizing noise and wind.
Global Market Of Intelligent Road System had been valued at approximately USD 25 billion, which is expected to be at USD 48 billion by the end of the year 2022.The drivers that are responsible for driving growth of this sector include rise in levels of traffic congestion due to population growth, need for improvements in road safety due to increase in the traffic volumes, need for business to coordinate with this branch of technology to grow their business and ensure timely deliveries.The factors that can prove to limit the growth of this sector are slow growth in improving infrastructure and high installation costs related to such technologies.Intelligent Road System, By Type (Wireless Communication, Computational Technologies, Floating Car Data/ Floating Cellular Data, Sensing Technologies), By Application (Emergency Vehicle Notification System, Automatic Road Enforcement, Variable Speed Limits, Collision Avoidance System), Forecast 2022.Get free Sample Intelligent Road System Report @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/2579Key Players:Some of the major players in Global Intelligent Road System Market include Ricardo Plc, TomTom International BV, Siemen AG, WS Atkins PLC, Kapsch Trafficcom, Q-Free ASA, EFKON AG, Iteris Inc., Lanner Electronics Inc., Roper Technologies Inc. and others.Market Overview:The Intelligent Road System is the tested route to mitigate the traffic congestion problem.The major objective of this system is to evaluate, develop, analyze and integrate new technologies and concept to achieve the traffic efficacy.The major growth driver of Intelligent Road System Marketincludes increasing concern about traffic congestion, increasing need of road safety improvements, and shifting of freight industry from unorganized to organized sector among others.This has led to the availability of a very limited level of intelligence towards the management of roads in urban area.
Urban-X, the startup accelerator for companies focused on solving the problems facing the world’s urban environment, has selected the latest seven companies for its sixth cohort.Backed by the design arm of BMW’s Mini division and the venture capital firm, Urban.US, the seven companies will receive $150,000 in financing and participate in the Urban-X 20-week accelerator program replete with access to engineers and designers from BMW, software developers, policy experts, and sales and marketing leaders.The companies selected for the program include:3AM Innovations: the company provides a tracking tool for first responders specifically designed for emergency response situationsCove.Tool: an early stage building design toolkit which automates performance modelingEvolve Energy: Reducing energy costs for homes using a combination of real-time pricing, connected home devices and renewable energy.
Taxi management systems are devised to offer the riders comfortable and easy travel solutions for their day base purpose.In past decades, people used to travel by buggy and horse then it became a trend.Now, people, these days use different taxi services in a variety of vast urban area in all the world.Understanding the role of taxi dispatch software can be easily understood, it allows us to book a lavish ride and also saves our precious time.It provides pocket-friendly rides to their customers.It offers a clean, affordable and safe ride to their customers without any hassle.
Relatively new and unscathed transport startup Freebike is about to unleash a fleet of electric bikes in London, rivalling Uber's Jump scheme but for folk in suits who work or commute around the City area.Freebike has been granted permission by the City of London Corporation to operate within the "Square Mile" of the capital's original financial district, where it'll soon unload its dockless, app-activated fleet of ebikes for hire.And they are free, sort of, if you're not going very far or in a hurry, as hiring them in non-assisted manual mode is free for the first ten minutes.There's no unlocking fee either, with assisted electric trips costing £1 for each 10 minute stint.To stop people getting angry and hoisting them up lamp posts or chucking them in the gentrified docks, there's a list of "designated parking areas" where bikes may be left, plus Freebike will be doing lots of work behind the curtain to sweep them up, charge them up, and prop them up somewhere nice and out of the way overnight, so they don't end up heaped atop each other on pavement hotspots.Freebike's co-founder Katharine Butler said: "The electric Freebike brings radical innovation in technology and approach and offers the public a fun, green, fast and healthy transport option around the City.
For about a month I’ve been road-testing a wi-fi connected air purifier made by Swedish company, Blueair.For instance I’ve switched to a less dusty cat litter after seeing how quickly the machine’s fan stepped up a gear after clearing the litter tray.Adequate ventilation is also of course necessary to control moisture levels to prevent other nasty issues like mould.Action to tackle climate change continues to lag far behind what’s needed to put a check on global warming.In short, this problem isn’t going away anytime soon — and all too often air quality is still getting worse.At the same time health risks from air pollution are omnipresent and can be especially dangerous for children.
UCF will establish a neutral space for developersFacebook is one of the founding members of the Urban Computing Foundation, which was created by the Linux Foundation.Other founding members are: Google, Here, IBM, Interline, the MIT Senseable City Laboratory, StreetCred, Uber and the University of California-San Diego.UCF’s mission is to provide a forum for developers to collaborate on and build a common set of open-source tools to improve mobility, safety, road infrastructure, traffic congestion and energy consumption in connected cities.Michael Cheng, who works on licensing, collaborations and open source for Facebook, said in a blog post that UCF will establish a neutral space for this work, which will include adapting geospatial and temporal machine learning techniques for urban environments and developing simulation methodologies for modeling and predicting citywide phenomena.Facebook will serve on its advisory committee and help create and maintain a neutral framework and open ecosystem of tools and resources for developers.
Buying or renting furniture is very less expensive when compared to buying a house.But instead of purchasing furniture, renting is a good idea due to various reasons.There are certain circumstances where you would find renting furniture is the best option than buying it.Students pursuing a career would always think of renting furniture rather than hiring as it would be an unnecessary and costly expense at this juncture.Persons who go on transfers to distant places to different cities would never require to buying a home or furniture but can plan on renting them.Since it is not at all needed for them to purchase furniture as they stay temporarily in that place.If you are a newly married person and planning to settle down in a place like Mississauga, it is always a good idea to rent furniture rather than buying it at the first go.If you have rented a house in Mississauga by shifting from some urban area, it is always good to rent furniture rather than buying it.It is always advisable to rent furniture if any of the above four categories suit us.
There are also subscription services, car-sharing, and ridesharing options — and many more people are taking advantage of micromobility solutions, using public transportation and then hopping on e-scooters or e-bikes to cover the last mile.Here’s a breakdown of how to make the right decision for your situation:If you live in a major metropolitan area with a variety of public transportation options, the most economical and practical choice is often to forgo purchasing a car.The cost of insurance, parking, maintenance, and fuel easily exceeds the monthly commutation fees in most urban centers.Cities with warmer climates also lend themselves to micromobility options, like dockless e-scooters from Lime and bikes from Spin.If you travel outside of the city on weekends, renting an occasional car is often cheaper than owning your own car.
BROOKLYN, New York, Wednesday, May 1, 2019 - A new review of studies on levels of urban exposure to airborne pollutants and their effects on human health suggests that advanced instrumentation and information technology will soon allow researchers and policymakers to gauge the health risks of air pollution on an individual level.In New York City alone, the economic impact of premature death from causes related to air pollution, including asthma and other respiratory conditions and cardiovascular complications, exceeds $30.7 billion a year.Globally, 4.2 million deaths per year are attributable to airborne pollution, making it the fifth-ranking mortality risk factor according to a 2015 study published in the Lancet.An interdisciplinary research team from New York University, led by Masoud Ghandehari, an associate professor in NYU Tandon's Department of Civil and Urban Engineering and the Center for Urban Science and Progress (CUSP), published a comprehensive review of recent efforts to assess the impact of air pollution exposure in cities.Ghandehari's co-authors are Andrew Caplin, Silver Professor in the NYU Department of Economics; Paul Glimcher, Silver Professor and professor of neural science and psychology; George Thurston, NYU School of Medicine professor in the Departments of Environmental Medicine and Population Health; and Chris Lim, a recent Ph.D. graduate of the School of Medicine.Their paper, published in Nature Communications, explains how data gleaned from environmental sensors mounted on buildings and lamp poles, as well as mobile and wearable sensors, were combined with information on socioeconomic status, commuting patterns, and lifestyle habits such as outdoor exercise to develop models of pollution exposures at the neighborhood level.
To better understand whether rapidly growing cities are hosting the same species, a concept known as urban homogenization, a team from the California Academy of Sciences analyzed an immense volume of data gathered by citizen scientists during the four-day global City Nature Challenge.Study findings suggest that despite similarities across cities, urban biodiversity still strongly reflects the species that are native to a region.However, observations of shared "cosmopolitan" species like pigeons, white-tailed deer, and dandelions were more numerous than locally occurring species.The study, published today in the journal PeerJ: Life & Environment, highlights the value of citizen science data in addressing complex questions about rapid changes in urban ecology."We found that the best predictor for the composition of a city's plant and animal community is the surrounding region," says Dr. Misha Leong, lead author and postdoctoral researcher.Previously, multi-city studies examining urban homogenization were limited to simple species lists, but data gathered from the 2016 - 2018 City Nature Challenges allowed researchers to compare relative species abundance as well.
The seven startups in this year’s class — all of which completed a five-month, 20-week program of product and business development with an in-house team of engineering, design, and business consultants — seek to tackle challenges like sustainable transportation, construction site productivity, harmful emissions produced by cooling and heating, waste management, and clothing waste with a combination of innovative hardware, internet of things (IoT), and software solutions.Collectively, Urban-X and its investors — which include BMW i Ventures, Draper Associates, Fontinalis Partners, Ekistic Ventures, Wireframe Ventures, Fifth Wall Ventures, Samsung Next, Story Ventures, Kairos, and UL Ventures, along with individual investors Fred Wilson, Brad Burnham, Edgar Bronfman Jr., and anonymous donors — pledged $100,000 per startup toward Cohort 5 or previous cohorts.Next year’s class will be the first to receive an increased investment of $150,000; it launches this summer with up to ten early-stage companies.“Cohort 05 is an incredibly impressive group of creative and innovative entrepreneurs who are driven by a passion to improve our cities,” said Urban-X managing director Micah Kotch.“We’re excited to continue to support this group and see what comes next for these inspiring teams.”Here’s the full list of startups that presented at Urban-X’s fifth demo day:
5G mobile networks have started arriving but only in very limited areas and amidst misleading claims by wireless carriers.While all four major nationwide carriers in the United States have overhyped 5G to varying degrees, T-Mobile today made a notable admission about 5G's key limitation.That would seem to rule out the possibility of 5G's fastest speeds reaching rural areas or perhaps even suburbs.Ray made his point with this GIF, apparently showing that millimeter-wave frequencies are immediately blocked by a door closing halfway while the lower 600MHz signal is unaffected:High frequency, small coverage areaWith 4G, carriers prioritized so-called "beachfront spectrum" below 1GHz in order to cover the entire US, both rural areas and cities.
These signs aren’t to direct the flow of traffic, or to point the way to urban landmarks — they’re designed to let citizens know when they’re being monitored.The proposal is part of a push by the company to acclimate people to the technologies that it’s deploying in cities like New York and Toronto.Because its projects are among the most ambitious deployments of sensing and networking technologies for smart cities, the company has also faced the most public criticism.Consider: on any one urban excursion (your commute, perhaps), you could encounter CCTVs, traffic cameras, transit card readers, bike lane counters, Wi-Fi access points, occupancy sensors that open doors — potentially all on the same block.” writes Jacqueline Lu, who’s title is “assistant director of the public realm” at Sidewalk Labs.Cities like Boston and London already indicate when technology is being used in the urban environment, but Sidewalk Labs convened a group of designers and urban planners to come up with a system for signage that would make the technology being used even more public for citizens going about their day.Back in 2013, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission called for the development of these types of indicators when it issued a call for mobile privacy disclosures.
Genesis has unveiled a concept car at the New York Auto Show that is called the Mint Concept that it says introduces a new “typology” for the premium city car.The car has a simple and attractive exterior design and a “decluttered” interior that is minimalist and premium at the same time.The Mint Concept is an electric luxury city car that is designed to be a lightweight runabout that has a new shape for a city car that Genesis says is tailored to the modern lifestyle.The concept also promises to be highly maneuverable and fun to drive.The overall design of the vehicle is thanks to a collaboration from Genesis design studios from around the world led by Genesis Global Advanced Design in Germany, Genesis Design Team in the U.S., and the Namyang Design Center in South Korea.The Mint Concept is a two-door, two passenger car with a smaller footprint to make maneuvering in congested city areas easier to accomplish.
Compact SUVs that look just as tough as their bigger siblings are big business, and the Mercedes-Benz Concept GLB taps into that aesthetic nicely.Making its debut at Auto Shanghai 2019, the new concept SUV isn’t the largest out there – indeed, it’s actually shorter than a C-Class sedan – but it still manages to seat seven and look the part.It’s based on Mercedes’ compact car platform, and intended to sit alongside the Mercedes-Benz GLA.Whereas the GLA is a sports crossover, though, the Concept GLB reimagines the architecture for lifestyle purposes, borrowing design cues from the automaker’s bigger trucks.That means upright surfaces, a long wheelbase, short overhangs, and muscular shoulder lines.White mango paint gets high-gloss black contrast parts, like the roof box, while the orange-highlighted grille is flanked by Multibeam LED headlamps.
An international team of researchers has carried out the first systematic global review of water reallocation from rural to urban regions - the practice of transferring water from rural areas to cities to meet demand from growing urban populations.Twenty-one cities rely on multiple water reallocation projects, such as Amman in Jordan and Hyderabad in India.Even in the UK - where water is considered abundant - concerns about water shortages are prompting interest in water transfers, with Environment Agency Chief Sir James Bevan warning that England could run short of water in 25 years.Climate change will further put pressure on water resources and regional decision-making around water reallocation, as highlighted by drought crises in Cape Town, Melbourne and Sao Paolo over the past decade.When rural regions are not involved in the design, development and implementation of a reallocation project, reallocation can deepen inequality and foster resentment and resistance.The spectre of dusty and deserted agricultural towns looms large since the iconic project that reallocated water from Owens Valley farmers to Los Angeles, California in the early 20th century.