Jose Ghosh

Jose Ghosh

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Following 29
US
A new family of enzymes has been engineered to perform one of the most important steps in the conversion of plant waste into sustainable and high-value products such as nylon, plastics and chemicals.The discovery was led by members of the same UK-US enzyme engineering team that, last year, engineered and improved a plastic-digesting enzyme, a potential breakthrough for the recycling of plastic waste.The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was led by Professor Jen Dubois at Montana State University, Dr Gregg Beckham at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Professor Ken Houk at the University of California, Los Angeles together with Professor John McGeehan's team at the University of Portsmouth.The newly engineered enzyme is active on lignin - one of the main components of plants, which scientists have been trying for decades to find a way of breaking down efficiently.Professor McGeehan, Director of the Centre for Enzyme Innovation in the School of Biological Sciences at Portsmouth, said: "This is our goal - to discover enzymes from nature, bring them into our laboratories to understand how they work, then engineer them to produce new tools for the biotechnology industry."To protect their sugar-containing cellulose, plants have evolved a fascinatingly complicated material called lignin that only a small selection of fungi and bacteria can tackle.
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Photographer Vladimir Antaki and a friend were wandering along a crowded street in Mexico City a few years ago when they stumbled upon a hole-in-the-wall sculptor's studio that, except for a dusty radio, wouldn't have looked out of place in Renaissance Italy.Packed to the ceiling with religious statuary in various states of completion, the atelier was owned by a 72-year-old man named Mario Antonio who, at first, was less than thrilled about Antaki's interest."He was not friendly," recalled the Montreal-based photographer.With Antaki's Spanish-speaking friend translating, Antonio managed to convey that his family had been making religious figurines in Mexico for 12 generations but that, since he had no apprentice, the tradition would die with him.Furthermore, the Catholic Church was increasingly buying cheaper statues from China rather than from local craftsmen like himself.No one appreciated his skills, Antonio lamented—not his family, not the Catholic Church, and certainly not gawking tourists like Antaki who ducked inside to take a photo and then disappeared without making a purchase.
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That next text from President Donald Trump might be fake: A group of researchers was able to send out fake, unblockable presidential alerts to phones in a 50,000-seat football stadium.The team from the University of Colorado Boulder figured out a way to spoof the alert and send it out using commercially available software-defined radio, as well as modifications to the open source NextEPC and srsLTE libraries.Basically, they proved that anyone with the right equipment and software can send fake alerts to your phone with a 90% success rate.These Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) are meant to allow the president to quickly and easily communicate with Americans during emergencies.That means if your phone gets a fake one, you’re going to see it.The researchers published a paper this month with the results of their test, which used portable base stations to mimic the LTE signal sent out by a cell phone tower.
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Too bad my crotchety old iPad will never know the joys of a modern Apple operating system, just as it will never again stream a Hulu show.I stared in mild shock.I had just tapped on the Hulu app icon on my iPad 2, ready to catch up on the second episode of season 3 of The Handmaid's Tale.Instead of Elisabeth Moss, red dresses and dystopian angst, I got a message of doom from Hulu."Version 4.10.1 is no longer supported.I've been in denial for a couple of years now about the lifespan of my Apple tablet.
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Top Facebook exec says people risk "overreacting to the bad" aspects of social media.He pushed back against the "tech lash," a wave of growing scrutiny of the tech giants, in a speech in Berlin on Monday.Top Facebook executive and former British politician Nick Clegg has argued that people are at risk of "overreacting to the bad" aspects of social media and damaging its positive potential as a result.In a speech in Berlin on Monday evening, the former UK Deputy Prime Minister and ex-Liberal Democrat leader pushed back against the "tech lash" — a wave of growing scrutiny of giant technology companies like Facebook, and increasing calls for oversight or even antitrust action against them.Facebook has been battered by two years of scandals — from political research firm Cambridge Analytica's misappropriation of tens of millions of users' data to the social network's role in spreading hate speech in Myanmar.The Silicon Valley tech giant is now frantically trying to prove that it has made meaningful changes in light of these crises, and is attempting to head off the most aggressive calls for regulation — from the likes of US presidential hopeful Elizabeth Warren, and Facebook cofounder-turned-critic Chris Hughes — by proposing its own regulatory remedies.
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Often times, we experience an incident where a speech recognition application is activated in the middle of a meeting or a conversation in the office.Sometimes, it is not activated at all regardless of numbers of times we call out the application.It is because a mobile phone uses a microphone which detects sound pressure to recognize voice, and it is easily affected by surrounding noise and other obstacles.Professor Kilwon Cho of Chemical Engineering and Professor Yoonyoung Chung of Electronic and Electric Engineering from POSTECH successfully developed a flexible and wearable vibration responsive sensor.When this sensor is attached to a neck, it can precisely recognize voice through vibration of the neck skin and is not affected by ambient noise or the volume of sound.The conventional vibration sensors recognize voice through air vibration and the sensitivity decreases due to mechanical resonance and damping effect, therefore are not capable of measuring voices quantitatively.
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The University of Liverpool (UoL) and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) have been awarded £3.54m for a research project that aims to develop a 'personalised health' approach to prevent and treat antimicrobial resistance (AMR).Resistance to all antimicrobials, and especially bacterial resistance to existing antibiotics, is increasing.It is now posing a serious threat to health both in the UK and globally, and risks undermining the major improvements in medicine that have been made in recent decades.This new project will focus on personalised antimicrobial therapy as a way to prevent and treat AMR.The funding will enable equipment to be purchased for real time measurement of drug concentrations in patients, rapid sequencing of bacteria from patients, performing pharmacogenetic analyses and real time pharmacodynamic analyses.These approaches will be unified using artificial intelligence and deep learning in collaboration with the University of Liverpool's Department of Computer Science.
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A new way to explore some of the tiniest life on the planet could have a huge impact on efforts to replace fossil fuels with green alternatives, make crops resistant to drought, and even clean up the environment, researchers have announced.Dubbed BONCAT, the technique allows scientists to better investigate the mysteries of life right under our feet, in the very soil itself.Microbial life is the most abundant around, with billions of cells spanning tens of thousands of species found in even the tiniest sample of soil.That has led to a significant knowledge-gap in laboratories.Unfortunately most won’t actually grow in those controlled conditions.Instead researchers have to investigate them in-situ, where the huge number of different types of microbial life makes identifying the role any single one plays almost impossible.
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Bill Gates may not have been Microsoft CEO when Android arrived, but the outspoken billionaire still counts the software giant’s failure in the smartphone segment as his “greatest mistake.” While Microsoft may have had its own phone OS, in the shape of first Windows Mobile in 2000, and then Windows Phone in 2010, despite heavy investment the platform never managed to be anything other than a third option in the iOS vs Android war.Indeed, though it may have beat Android to market by years, Google’s platform quickly rose to the challenge.In 2007, for example, Windows Mobile had a whopping 42-percent of market share for smartphones in the US.By 2010, Microsoft’s platform was down to 7-percent, dropping to 3-percent the following year.Gates left Microsoft in 2000, leaving Steve Ballmer at the helm.However he’s not letting that stop him from taking some responsibility for how the company failed to rise to the smartphone challenge.
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A trio of heavy lifters in rocket boffinryRoundup There was European joy, Russian frustration and a bit of a tease from the Falcon Heavy last week.T-16 will blast services in the Ku and Ka-bands over the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico for the next 15 years.Sitting beneath T-16 was the lighter weight EUTELSAT 7C, a high power broadcast satellite for markets in Africa, Europe, the Middle East and Turkey.Based on Maxar's 1300 class platform, the spacecraft is also expected to enjoy a 15-year lifespan.While Ariane 5 has been pretty reliable over the years, with only its first and fourteenth launches ending in total failure, and three others (including last year's VA-241 fiasco) deemed "partial failures", its end is in sight with the arrival of the considerably cheaper Ariane 6.
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A novel low-cost device, that can rapidly secure coral fragments to the reef, has been so successful at helping propagate coral on high value sections of Australia's Great Barrier Reef that the Australian and Queensland Governments have committed more funding to take the project further.For Associate Professor Suggett, who leads the Future Reefs research program within the UTS Climate Change Cluster (C3), colleague Dr Emma Camp and key partner Wavelength Reef Cruises it's an exciting and highly anticipated moment.Tour operator Wavelength Reef Cruises led the development of the device over an intense 12 month period in 2018 during the first phase of their project.The team will now be joined by collaborators from JCU TropWater, Reef Ecologic and several other reef tour operators for phase two aimed at proving the concept via scalability across more GBR sites.The team believes this next step represents more than the development of a low-tech device that can rapidly boost coral abundance.Fundamentally, the success of the project, and the protection of the reef demonstrates a "cultural shift" in the way "science is working with stakeholders - notably local businesses and traditional owners".
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CANNES, France—In less than eight years, they’ve worked their way up from junior creatives to ECDs, amassing a staggering 67 Cannes Lions along the way.But as the sun set on the final day of this year’s festival in Cannes, Juan Javier Peña Plaza and Ricardo Casal told Adweek it would also be their last day with the David agency network.The creative team developed such home-run ideas as Burger King’s “Whopper Neutrality” and the Cannes Grand Prix-winning “Google Home of the Whopper,” which turned Google Home devices into unwitting marketing vehicles by asking in an ad, “OK Google, what is the Whopper burger?”This year, they led the creation of three Super Bowl ads for three different clients (Budweiser, Devour and Burger King).In Cannes last week, they took home 10 Lions, including gold in Film for the “BK Bot” campaign that pretended to use AI copywriting to create hilariously flawed commercial scripts.They have not announced what their next career move will be.
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Nope: it was not giving Android a run for its money...Bill Gates has said his biggest management miscalculation was failing to position Microsoft's Windows Phone as the primary rival mobile operating system to Apple's iOS.Speaking at venture capital beanfeast Village Global last week, Gates said that although the company he founded had not missed mobile phones it had gone about things the wrong way.Although Gates stepped down as CEO in 2008, it is fair to say he retained an interest in the company he founded and remained chairman until 2014.Gates, sporting a natty pink jumper, said: "The greatest mistake ever is whatever mismanagement I engaged in that caused Microsoft not to be what Android is – that is the standard phone platform – non-Apple phone platform.The grey-haired 63-year-old said the software world, especially for platforms, is all about winner-takes-all markets.
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Apple’s most intriguing laptop in years could arrive this fall, according to analyst predictions, with the 16-inch MacBook Pro tipped to launch at the same event as the new 2019 iPhone.The much-rumored notebook would have the largest display available on a current MacBook Pro, slotting in above the 15-inch version as Apple’s flagship.The largest laptop was quietly removed from Apple’s stores, leaving only 13- and 15-inch versions, both with then-new Retina display screen technology.At the time, the argument was that a 15-inch Retina display MacBook Pro offered all the screen resolution a pro-user might require, while still being sufficiently portable.For desktop use, meanwhile, the Cupertino company insisted an external display would suffice.However there have long been those users who wish that Apple would add a bigger notebook to the line-up.
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Good news for fans of 2018's God of War: it looks like a development team is being put together for a sequel to the critically-acclaimed action game.As spotted by GamesRadar, Developer Santa Monica posted job listings last week for a number of roles across its programming, art, design, and tech art teams – with one listing clearly citing the God of War reboot.Applicants for Senior Combat Designer "Must have knowledge of God of War (2018) and be able to speak in depth about the combat systems, mechanics and enemies."PS5 release date: when will we see the next-gen console?And what are the best PS4 games to play before it launches?A listing for Facial Blend Shape Character Artist also specifically mentions "next-gen video game platform experience" for the role: something that should whittle down prospective applicants to relatively few animators, given that the next generation of consoles have yet to launch.
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32-bit binaries will still run, insists Canonical, but it may not be good enough for key appsCanonical's decision to cease development of 32-bit libraries in Ubuntu 19.10 "eoan" means it won't support Steam gaming runtime and devs say the Wine compatibility layer for running Windows apps will be little use.The Steam news was reported on Twitter by Valve developer Pierre-Loup Griffais, who said "Ubuntu 19.10 and future releases will not be officially supported by Steam or recommended to our users."Ubuntu has caused anxiety with its announcement that "the i386 architecture will be dropped" in the next release.Some presumed this meant i386 libraries would not be shipped at all, meaning that no 32-bit applications would run.Ubuntu says i386 to be 86'd with Eoan 19.10 release: Ageing 32-bit x86 support will be ex-86
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The Trump administration is apparently looking into requiring that 5G equipment used in the US be designed and put together outside China.The talks kicked off after an executive order issued last month required a 150-day review of the US telecoms supply chain, the Wall Street Journal reported Sunday.White House officials want to know if telecom equipment manufacturers can make hardware destined for the US, like cell tower electronics, routers, switches and software, according to the report, which cited anonymous sources.The review deadline isn't until October, so these conversations seemingly are in early stages and any decisions could take years to adopt.Companies like Finland's Nokia and Sweden's Ericsson -- both of which sell equipment to U.S. wireless carriers -- to move some operations outside China to maintain those relationships, the report noted.Trump's May order specifically targeted Huawei, essentially banning the Chinese company in light of national security concerns that it had close ties with the country's government -- a charge it repeatedly denied.
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“I have so much respect for entrepreneurs…”Every Monday morning we fire five questions at a C-suite tech industry interviewee.Today we’re pleased to be joined by Informatica CISO, Roger Hale.To be competitive in today’s market requires being able to pivot faster than your competitors; and that means having the right data to make the right decision, at the right time.When data is siloed to a single department within an organisation, the culture needs to shift towards democratising data across the organization by giving control to assigned data owners, or “stewards”, who can expand its access to other departments and people that need it.A lot of today’s technology is designed to solve a point problem, but if you take a broader view, there are plenty of real-world issues to address where technology can provide multiple benefits.
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Fasthosts registers all its customers' .uk domain names – just for safekeeping, you understandAnalysis For a £100m windfall that apparently doesn't exist, the release of millions of valuable .uk domain names is stirring a lot of activity in the UK's internet name space.Earlier this month, we pointed out that .uk overlord Nominet had created an entire process seemingly designed to benefit its largest members by giving registrars a week-long opportunity to grab dot-uk domain names worth approximately £100m before the public can get them.This week, however, one registrar has decided that it doesn't like its chances under Nominet's special pay-to-play system and has decided, unilaterally, that it will register all second-level .uk domain names that its customers have third-level registrations to, such as .co.uk domains.Just a few problems with that claim, thoughSo if, for example, you registered example.co.uk with Fasthosts a decade ago but decided not to use to your right to also register example.uk over the past five years, don't worry, Fasthosts is going to register it for you.
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It has long been rumored that the iPhone 11 Max will have a triple-lens rear camera, but if you need any more evidence of that then a new accessory provides it.A camera protector for the phone has been listed on MobileFun (a mobile accessory retailer).Built by Olixar – which is a reputable brand – images of the accessory show spaces for three lenses.In fact, the iPhone 11 Max itself is also pictured, with three lenses visible, along with a likely quad-LED flash.Sadly, the listing doesn’t reveal any of the phone’s specs, but it has previously been rumored that it will have three 12MP lenses, with a new ultra-wide one joining its predecessor’s main and telephoto lenses.Here's everything we know about the iPhone 11
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