There are different methods of memorizing Chinese words, such as:
- Associative, such as learning the radicals, drawing cartoons, and creating stories about the origin and meaning of characters. Associative learning methods work best when speed is not your priority and you want to explore the Chinese language in depth.
- Rote, i.e. memorizing words through constant repetition and practice. Rote learning remains to be the most popular and, when applied duly, effective, way to learn Chinese words. It is particularly helpful for accelerating memorization and learning large amounts of materials, for example when you need to learn a few hundred (or thousand) characters to pass your upcoming HSK exam.
The text above is a summary, you can read the full article here: Proven Techniques to Learn Chinese Vocabulary.